History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications
from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network

Cable Timeline: 1845-1900
by Bill Glover
Click on the Route links to see cable samples, the Company or Operator links for full descriptions, the ship name links to see descriptions or images.
Atlantic cables and their connecting systems are highlighted in green.
John Seymour links in the Timeline between 1875 and 1897 are to the descriptions of those voyages in Dougal Watson's extensive section on his ancestor's life at sea.
Please note that Timeline entries within each year are not necessarily chronological, as the exact date of laying is generally not known.
Year Route Manufacturer Company or Operator Cable Ships Notes
1845 Laid between HMS Blake and HMS Pique in Portsmouth Harbour S.W. Silver & Co S.W. Silver & Co HMS Blake - HMS Pique Charles West of S.W. Silver & Company manufactured one mile of cable insulated with rubber and carried out tests on it in Portsmouth Harbour. He subsequently obtained permission from HM Government to lay a cable across the English Channel, but was unable to raise the necessary capital so the idea was dropped.
1849 Laid between Princess Clementine and the shore at Folkestone Harbour   The South Eastern Railway Company Princess Clementine Experimental cable laid by C.V. Walker
1850 Dover, England - Calais, France Gutta Percha Co 25 nm Submarine Telegraph Co Goliath - HMS Widgeon System 25 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG. 8 or 16lb lead weights were attached to the cable as it was laid to help it sink,. Cable was cut by French fisherman after three days
1851 Dover, England - Calais, France (St Margarets Bay - Sangatte No 1) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co - Wilkins & Wetherly Submarine Telegraph Co HMS Blazer (1) - HMS Fearless - Red Rover (1) System 25½ nm. CABLE: 4 copper wires No 16 BWG each covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG, then formed into a cable. The spaces were packed with tarred yarn and a further layer of gutta percha was added. Tarred hemp was wrapped around the core then it was armoured with 10 No 1 BWG iron wires. Cable ran out before reaching France. A temporary repair was made. Red Rover laid replacement a month later. Taken over by the GPO in 1890. Wilkins & Wetherley were awarded the contract to add the armouring, but in doing so they infringed Newall's patent and so the bulk of the work was carried out by Newall's
1852 Holyhead, Wales - Howth, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 70 nm R.S. Newall & Co Britannia (1) System 65 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 BWG, covered with gutta percha and 12 No 12 BWG galvanised iron wires. Failed after three days
1852 Donaghadee, Ireland - Portpatrick, Scotland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R. S. Newall & Co 26 nm English & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co. Britannia (1) CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 4 BWG (Centre wire). 3 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG and 12 No 2 BWG iron wires. Expedition abandoned after 15 nm laid. Cable recovered by Monarch (1)
1852 Prince Edward Island - New Brunswick (Northumberland Strait) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Newfoundland Electric Telegraph Co Ellen Gisborne System 12 nm. Failed within a year
1853 Denmark (The Belts) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 18 nm. Danish Government ? System 15 nm. CABLE: 3 copper wires No 18 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG armoured with 9 No 2 BWG wires.
1853 Dover, England - Ostend, Belgium Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co - Kuper & Co Submarine Telegraph Co William Hutt System 76 nm. 6 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG, and 12 No 2 iron wires. Taken over by GPO in 1890
1853 Donaghadee, Ireland - Portpatrick, Scotland William L. Gilpin Electric Telegraph Company of Ireland Albert, assisted by Asp Uninsulated conductor - laying abandoned
1853 Donaghadee, Ireland - Mora Bay, Portpatrick, Scotland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co English & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co William Hutt, assisted by Conqueror and Wizard System 25 nm. CABLE: 6 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG. These were then bedded on a core of yarn and the whole covered with gutta percha. 12 No 2 BWG iron wires were used for armouring. Total weight 7 tons per nm. Taken over by GPO in 1870
1853-1855 Orfordness, England - Scheveningen, Holland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co - Spencer & Thomas Ltd Electric & International Telegraph Co Monarch (1) Four individual cables were laid. May, June, September 1853 and September 1855. 119 nm, 118 nm,123 nm, 119 nm. CABLE: Each consisted of 1 no 16 BWG copper wire covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG, taped, covered with yarn and armoured with 10 No 8 BWG galvanised iron wires. Newall’s sub contracted the work to Spencer & Thomas Ltd.
1853 Firth of Tay Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R. S. Newall & Co Electric & International Telegraph Co Monarch (1) 3 cables each of 1 nm similar to those used between England and Holland.
1853 Firth of Forth Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Electric & International Telegraph Co Monarch (1) System 4 nm. 4 cables similar to those used between England and Holland
1854 Portpatrick, Scotland - Whitehead, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 27 nm. British Telegraph Company (later the British & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co) Monarch (1), assisted by Conqueror and Wizard System 26 nm. CABLE: 6 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG. These were then bedded on a core of yarn and the whole then being covered with gutta percha. 12 No 2 BWG iron wires were used for armouring. Total weight 7 tons per nm. Taken over by GPO in 1870
1854 Sweden - Denmark Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Kuper & Co 9 nm Swedish - Danish Governments Christopher Hague System 9 nm. CABLE: 3 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG and 10 wires of No 2 BWG
1854 Stralsund - Danholm Island Felten & Guilleaume ?   System 1nm.
1854 Spezia - Corsica Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co - Kuper & Co 12 nm French PTT Persian System 11 nm. CABLE: 6 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 12 wires No 1 BWG
1854 Corsica - Sardinia   Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co - Kuper & Co French PTT Persian System 110 nm. CABLE: 6 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 12 wires No 1 BWG
1854 Holyhead, Wales - Howth, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Fenton & Hyde Electric & International Telegraph Co Monarch (1) System 65 nm. CABLE: 1 No 16 BWG copper wire covered with gutta percha to No 0 BWG and 10 wires No 8 BWG. Expedition failed.
1854 Hurst Castle - Keyhaven Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Electric & International Telegraph Co Monarch (1) System 1 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 0 BWG and 12 iron wires No 2 BWG. Linked Osborne House to the mainland
1855 Sardinia - Algeria Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co - Kuper & Co Mediterranean Extension Telegraph Co Result Towed by steamer Tartar. Cable ran out too quickly and eventually parted. Elba recovered 60 nm in 1858
1855 Constantinople - Varna (Crimea) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Ottoman Government Elba System 150 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 gauge covered with gutta percha to No 2 BWG and covered with spun yarn. Only the shore ends were armoured. See below.
1855 Varna - Balacalava - Eupatoria (Crimea) Article by Walter Peterson on this cable Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co British Government Argus System 310 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG. Shore ends only covered with 12 or 10 wires. See above.
1855 Egypt Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliott & Co - Kuper & Co Egyptian Government ? System 10 nm with 4 copper conductors
1855 Italy - Sicily Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass, Elliot & Co Italian PTT ? System 3 nm. 3 copper wires No 16 BWG.
1855 Sardinia - Algeria Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Mediterranean Extension Telegraph Co Dutchman Cable again ran out too quickly and parted. R.S. Newall's Star recovered part of the cable
1855 Holyhead, Wales - Howth, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Electric & International Telegraph Co Monarch (1)  
1855 Cape Ray Newfoundland - Cape North:Cape Breton Island
(unsuccessful)
Gutta Percha Co supplied the core: R. S. Kuper, Glass & Co New York Newfoundland and London Telegraph Co Sarah Bryant Taken in tow by James Adger. Cable as used for 1851 Cross Channel Cable. Cable cut due to bad weather. The core had been supplied to Kuper & Co., but was armoured by R. S. Kuper, Glass & Co. Glass later bought Kuper out.
1856 Bosphorus Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co ? ? System 1 nm.
1856 Amazon River Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co ? ? System 105 nm.
1856 Lake Constance Felten & Guilleaume ? ? System 7 nm.
1856 St Petersburg - Kronstadt Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co ? ? System 10 nm.
1856 Cape Ray Newfoundland - Cape North:Cape Breton Island Gutta Percha Co supplied the core: R. S. Kuper, Glass & Co New York Newfoundland and London Telegraph Co Propontis System 85 nm. CABLE: 7 copper wires No 22 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 12 iron wires No 9 BWG. Laid on 10 July taking 15 hours to complete.
This and the following cable were the first components of Cyrus Field's proposed Atlantic route.
1856 Prince Edward Island - New Brunswick Gutta Percha Co supplied the core: R. S. Kuper, Glass & Co New York Newfoundland and London Telegraph Co Propontis System 12 nm. CABLE: 7 copper wires No 22 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 12 iron wires No 9 BWG.
1856 Across the River Humber, England ? Electric Telegraph Co. Wilberforce (Tug) System 2 nm. Weight of cable 4 tons. Cable laid 23 April
1857 Sardinia - Malta - Corfu Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Mediterranean Extension Telegraph Co Elba - Blazer (2) System 700 nm 1 copper wire No 16 BWG. Cables failed in 1859 and 1861
1857 Ceylon - India Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Indian Government ? System 30 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1857 Cagliari, Sardinia - Bona, Algeria Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 150 nm. ? Elba System 125 nm. Cable ran out too quickly. Temporary repair made. Blazer (2) laid replacement
1857 Valentia, Ireland - Bay Bull Arm, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland See also this article Gutta Percha Co supplied the core for the 1857 and 1858 expeditions. - Glass Elliot & Co - 1250 nm for 1857 attempt and a further 900 nm for the 1858 attempt. R.S. Newall & Co 1250 nm for 1857 cable. New York Newfoundland and London Telegraph Co HMS Agamemnon - USS Niagara - Willing Mind laid Valentia shore end. HMS Agamemnon loaned by Royal Navy to lay cable manufactured by Glass Elliot & Co. USS Niagara loaned by the US navy to lay cable manufactured by R.S. Newall & Co. Expedition failed. 385 nm of cable laid. Leipsig recovered 39 nm of cable.
1857 Danube River Crossing Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co ? ? System 3 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1857 Norway Fiords Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Norwegian Government ? System 49 nm 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1858 Norway Fiords Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Norwegian Government ? System 16 nm.
1858 Dunwich, England - Zandvoort, Holland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co 140 nm Electric & International Telegraph Co William Cory System 129 nm. CABLE: 4 copper wires No 13 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 0 BWG and 10 iron wires No 00 BWG. Two wires were also coated with Chatterton's compound. Taken over by GPO in 1870
1858 Dardanelles - Chios - Smyrna - Candia Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Levant Telegraph Company ? System 450 nm
1858 Athens - Syra - Chios Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Greek Government ? System 150 nm
1858 England - Alderney Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 102 nm Channel Islands Telegraph Co - Electric & International Telegraph Co Elba System 69 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 14 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 7 BWG and 9 No 6 BWG galvanised iron wires
1858 Alderney - Guernsey Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 18 nm. Channel Islands Telegraph Co - Electric & International Telegraph Co Elba System 17.25 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 14 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 7 BWG and 9 No 6 BWG galvanised iron wires
1858 Guernsey - Jersey Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Channel Islands Telegraph Co - Electric & International Telegraph Co Elba System 15 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 14 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 7 BWG and 9 No 6 BWG galvanised iron wires
1858 Valentia, Ireland - Bay Bull Arm, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland See also this article Glass Elliot & Co 900 nm in addition to that left from the 1857 expedition. Total carried on this expedition 3000 nm. 100 nm was brought back to England; the remainder was used in the earlier attempts which took place in 1858. Atlantic Telegraph Co HMS Agamemnon - USS Niagara - Industry recovered 40 nm of cable at Newfoundland. System 2200 nm. CABLE: 7 strands of copper wire, six wrapped around the seventh, No 22 BWG covered with three coats of gutta percha to No 4 BWG. This was wrapped in jute yarn soaked with a composition consisting of 5/12 Stockholm tar, 5/12 pitch, 1/12 boiled linseed oil and 1/12 common bees wax. Armouring consisted of 18 strands each strand composed of 7 of the best charcoal iron wires, six wrapped around the seventh, each of 22 BWG. The completed cable as it left the machine was dipped in a heated composition consisting of tar, pitch and linseed oil. The cable worked with variable results for three weeks, the last complete message being received on September 1st 1858. Attempts to revive the cable continued, and fragments of messages were received, but the last signs of life were on October 28th 1858. The cable was abandoned less than three months after its inception.
1858 Italy - Sicily Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Italian PTT ? System 8 nm. 1 copper wire No 16 BWG
1858 Ceylon - India Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co British Government ? System 30 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1858 Cromer, England - Emden, Germany Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Submarine Telegraph Co William Cory System 280 nm. CABLE: 2 strands of 4 copper wires No 22 BWG covered with gutta percha and Chatterton's compound to No 3 BWG and 12 iron wires of 6½ BWG.
Completed 4 November 1858, Canning & Clifford engineers [Mechanics' Magazine, 12 Nov 1858 p.467]
1858 Vinkenpolder - Norderney Felten & Guilleaume ? ? System 4 nm.
1859 Millwall - Deptford S.W. Silver & Co John Scott Russell   This river cable connected the Great Eastern at anchor on the Thames to the shipyard where it was under construction
1859 Ceuta, (Morocco) - Algiceras Spain Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley’s Telegraph Works Spanish Government Tweedside System 25 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG. Cable completed 21 December.
1859 Cape Otway, Victoria - King Island - Three Hummock Island - Circular Head - Low Head, Tasmania Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley’s Telegraph Works 240 nm. Tasmanian & Victoria Governments Omes System 140 nm. CABLE: 1 copper wire No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 10 No 8 BWG best annealed iron wires. The contract to installl the cable was won by Messrs McNaughton & Co. of Launceston and they in turn contracted Henley's to manufacture and lay the cable. The first fault occurred three weeks after the cable was brought into use. It suffered from chafing due to the shoals and rocks on the sea bed around King Island as well as damage from ships anchors. It was finally abandoned on 24 January 1861
1859 Otranto, Italy - Valona, Albania Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Italian Government ? System 50 nm. 1 copper wire No 13 BWG.
1859 Suez - Kossier - Suakin - Aden - Hallani - Muscat -Karachi Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Red Sea & India Telegraph Co. Imperador - Imperatriz - Berwick System 255 + 474 + 627 + 718 +486 + 481 nm. Cable: 7 wire strands weighing 180lbs per nm, covered with 4 coatings of gutta percha to Chattertons patent, 212 lbs per nm., hemp serving 1½ cwt per nm. 18 armouring wires of best selected charcoal iron 16 cwt per knot. Total weight 21 cwt per nm. All sections had been abandoned by 1861
1859 Singapore - Muntok, Banca (Bangka): Muntok - Palembang: Muntok - Batavia (Jakarta) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co 630 nm Dutch East Indies Government Bahiana System 550 nm. 60 nm of cable was laid upriver to Palembang using proas (local craft) to carry the cable.
Completed 24 November 1859 (Guardian)
1859 Malta - Sicily Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Mediterranean Extension Telegraph Co Lady Seale System 70 nm. CABLE: 7 copper wires, six wrapped around 7th No 22 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG served with tarred yarn and 10 No 5½ BWG iron wires.
1859 Great Ormes Head - Point Lynas, Anglesey, Wales Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Liverpool Docks Committee Resolute System 25 nm including 3 entries below. CABLE: 2 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 3 BWG and 12 iron wires No 6 BWG. These three cables linked with the landline of 56 miles. This section of cable suffered frequent damage from storms and ships anchors and was replaced by a landline in 1860
1859 Voel Nant, Wales - Hilbre Island, off West Kirby Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Liverpool Docks Committee Resolute See above
Laid 6 July 1859 (Manchester Guardian)
1859 Hilbre Island - Hoylake Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Liverpool Docks Committee Resolute See above
1859 Birkenhead - Liverpool, across the River Mersey Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Liverpool Docks Committee ? See above
1859 Sweden - Gotland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Swedish Government Berwick System 64 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1859 Whitehaven, England - Isle of Man Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Isle of Man Telegraph Co Resolute System 36 nm. 1 copper wire No 16 BWG. Completed August 26th (Times). Taken over by the GPO in 1870.
1859 Jersey -Pirou, France Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Submarine Telegraph Co Resolute System 21 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1859 Abbotscliffe, Folkestone, England - Cap Griz Nez, Boulogne, France Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Submarine Telegraph Co Berwick System 24 nm. 6 copper wires No 14 BWG. Completed 26 June (Times: 6 No. 1 conductors, 12 No 6 iron armouring wires ten tons per mile). Taken over by the GPO in 1890.
St Margaret's Museum, Dover, has cable sample LDBTM 2321, ex BT Museum.
1859 Heligoland - Denmark Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Submarine Telegraph Co Berwick System 46 nm with 3 copper conductors
1859 Cromer, England - Heligoland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co 376 nm Submarine Telegraph Co William Cory System 328 nm with 3 copper conductors.
Completed July 14th (Times)
1859 Piraeus - Syra - Chios Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Greek Government Elba  
1859 Candia - Alexandria Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co R.S. Newall & Co Elba Two attempts were made; both failed. 150 nm of cable laid at the first attempt and 292 nm at the second.
1859 Alexandria Harbour Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Egyptian Government ? System 2 nm with 4 copper conductors
1859 England - Holland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass, Elliot & Co ? ?  
1859 India River Crossings Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. -Glass Elliot & Co British Government ? System 10 nm 1 copper wire No 13 BWG.
1859 Suez, Egypt - Juzur Jubal, Al-Bahr El_ahmar (Jubal Island) ? ? ? System 220 sm with 1 conductor
1860 Dacca - Arrakan, India Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works British Government ? System 116 nm. 1 copper wire No 13 BWG.
1860 The Great Belt (Denmark) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Danish PTT ? System 14 + 14 nm. CABLE: 2 cables laid. 1 cable consisted of 6 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 12 No 10 iron wires the other 3 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 10 No 10 BWG iron wires.
1860 Barcelona - Balearic Islands (Minorca - Majorca - Ibiza - San Antonia) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works 478 nm Spanish Government Stella System 381 nm. CABLE: Barcelona - Minorca 1 copper wire No 14 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 1 BWG and 16 iron wires No 12½ BWG.. The rest 2 copper wires No 16 BWG covered with gutta percha to No 3 BWG and 18 No 11½ iron wires.
1861 Algeria - France Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co 520 nm French PTT William Cory CABLE: 7 No 22 BWG copper wires covered with 3 layers of gutta percha and Chatterton's compound and then tarred yarn and 10 No 14 BWG iron wires then wrapped in hemp yarn saturated in tar. Cable parted when about 60 miles from Toulon. William Cory recovered cable in shallow water area round the Balearic Islands and ran the cable into Minorca. After loading more cable started laying from Toulon to Minorca but collided with her escort and had to buoy the cable and return to port for repairs. On attempting to recover the cable it was lost in 1300 fathoms, too deep for recovery, the scheme was then abandoned. Brunswick succeeded in recovering 28 nm of the cable.
1861 Italy - Corfu Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co 90 nm Mediterranean Extension Telegraph Co William Cory CABLE: 7 No 22 BWG copper wires covered with 3 layers of gutta percha and Chatterton's compound and then tarred yarn and 10 No 5½ BWG annealed iron wires. See the 1861 Algeria-France page for an identical cable.
1861 Toulon, France - Corsica Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co 250 nm French PTT Brunswick System 195 nm 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1861 Port Vendres, France - Minorca Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co French PTT Brunswick  
1861 Norway Fiords Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Norwegian Government ? System 27 nm. 1 copper wire No 14 BWG.
1861 Malta - Tripoli - Benghazi - Alexandria Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Operated by Glass, Elliott & Co., on behalf of the British Government Queen Victoria (Wrecked in the English Channel) - Rangoon - Malacca Cable ordered in 1859 to be laid between Falmouth & Gibraltar. This was changed to Rangoon - Singapore and finally Malta - Alexandria
Length 1535 nm.
1861 Holyhead, Anglesey - Howth, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co ? ? System 64 sm with 1 copper conductor
1861 Birling Gap, Beachy Head, England - Puy, Dieppe, France Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Submarine Telegraph Company Asia System 80 sm 6 copper wires No 16 BWG. Taken over by the GPO in 1890.
Various sources list the English landing point as Beachy Head, Holywell (Eastbourne), and Newhaven, and the number of conductors as four or six. The Gutta Percha cable-laying records show six conductors, and list the route as Newhaven-Dieppe, so perhaps this was the originally planned landing point, or just the name of the nearest large settlement. The cable was made in 1854 for a line between Sardinia and Algiers; part of it was lost in an unsuccessful attempt to carry out the line, and the remainder was laid across the Channel in 1861. By that time, only four of the six conductors were in working order.
1862 Lake Constance Felten & Guilleaume ? ?  
1862 Lowestoft, England - Zandvoort, Holland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Electric & International Telegraph Co Hawthorns System 125 nm. 4 copper wires No 14 BWG. Taken over by GPO in 1870. Laid in late July, engineers Canning & Clifford.
1862 Abermawr, Wales - Wexford, Ireland S.W. Silver & Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Electric & International Telegraph Co Berwick System 63 nm. 4 copper wires No 14 BWG, 12 iron armouring wires. Completed March 28th. (Times). S.W. Silver & Co. supplied the core and also installed the connecting landlines in Ireland.
Taken over by GPO in 1870
1862 Cork Harbour, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works ? ? System 5 nm
1862 Blackwater Harbour, Wexford, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works ? ? System 5 nm
1863 England - Wales (Across the Bristol Channel) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co British & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co. Resolute Laid 2 November
1863 Cape Clear - Baltimore, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co British & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co. Resolute System 2nm. Cable laid in November.
1863 Sicily - Sardinia Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Italian PTT Hawthorns System 211 nm. 1 copper wire No 12 BWG.
1864 France - Spain Siemens & Halske French PTT Dix Decembre  
1864 Persian Gulf: Gwadar - Karachi: Gwadar - Cape Mussendom - Bushire - Fao Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works 1250 nm Indian Government Marion Moore - Kirkham - Assaye - Tweed - Cospatrick - Amberwitch System 268 + 291 + 500 + 157 nm. 1 copper wire.
1864 Oran, Algeria - Cartagena, Spain Siemens & Halske French Government Dix Decembre [renamed Ampere (1) in 1870] Three attempts were made as part of the French Government's planned connection between France and Algeria (via Spain); all were unsuccessful. Part of the cable was recovered and laid between Bona, Algeria and Marsala, Sicily
1864 Otranto, Italy - Valona, Albania Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henleys Telegraph Works Italian PTT Semaphore System 58 nm. Conductor coated with Chatterton's compound then 3 layers of gutta percha to No 0 BWG. Then wrapped in tarred hemp and covered with steel armouring wires with a further wrapping of tarred hemp. 6 nm of shore end coated with Messrs Bright and Clarke's compound.
1864 Queensland Glass Elliot & Co Queensland Government ?  
? Piombino - Elba ? ? ? System 8 nm
? Dardanelles R.S. Newall & Co ? ? System 1 nm
? Zuyder Zee Henley's Telegraph Works ? ?  
? Fort Monroe - Cherrystone ? ? ?  
1865 Sylt - Tondern (Denmark) Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Danish PTT ? System 7 nm
1865 Stralsund - Arkona - Trelleborg - Rugen Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Swedish & Prussian Governments Caroline  
1865 South Foreland, England - Cap Gris Nez, France India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Submarine Telegraph Co ? System 25 nm
1865 Valentia, Ireland - Heart's Content, Newfoundland W.T. Henley Telegraph Works manufactured the Irish shore end of 27 nm. Telcon manufactured the main cable 2300 nm. Atlantic Telegraph Co Great Eastern - Caroline - Medway - Albany - Hawk System 1896 nm. Cable lost about 600 nm from Newfoundland. Caroline laid Valentia shore ends. After the successful laying of the 1866 cable, Great Eastern picked up the end of the 1865 cable and completed the run. See below.
The 1865 cable was abandoned in 1877.
1865 India Hoopers Telegraph Works made the core - Henley's Telegraph Works Indian Government Amberwitch System 160 nm.
1865 Sardinia - Algeria Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - Glass Elliot & Co Italian PTT Hawthorns System 270 nm
1866 Corsica - Leghorn (Livorno), Italy Telcon supplied the core. - Siemens Bros Italian Government Dix Decembre System 65 nm.
Laid 22 January 1866 (Guardian)
1866 Marsala, Sicily - Bizerte, Tunisia - Bona, Algeria Siemens & Halske French Government ? Used part of the 1864 cable from Oran, Algeria - Cartagena, Spain, which was recovered after it failed.
1866 Crimea - Circassia Siemens Bros ? ? System 40 nm
1866 India - Ceylon Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core - Henley's Telegraph Works Indian Government Amberwitch System 29 nm.
1866 Cook Strait No 1: Whites Bay, South Island - Lyall Bay, North Island, New Zealand W T Henley Telegraph Works NZ PTT Weymouth - Sturt - Taranaki - Wild Duck System 46 nm. Three conductors. First attempt failed when cable parted. Completed at second attempt.
1866 South Foreland, England - La Panne Belgium Telcon supplied the core. - W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co Submarine Telegraph Company ? System 47 nm Telcon sub contracted the work to Henleys
1866 Valentia, Ireland - Heart's Content, Newfoundland Telcon Anglo-American Telegraph Co Great Eastern - William Cory - Albany - Medway System 1852 nm. After laying this cable, Great Eastern recovered the lost 1865 cable and completed it
The 1866 cable was abandoned in 1872.
1866 Lowestoft, England - Norderney, Germany Telcon supplied the core. - W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co Reuters Telegraph Co William Cory System 224 nm. Laying commenced September 9th and was completed October 3rd (Times). Operated by the Submarine Telegraph Co and formed part of the Indo-European Telegraph Co line. Taken over by the GPO in 1870
1866 Carleton Head, Prince Edward Island - Cape Tormantine, New Brunswick , Canada Telcon New York Newfoundland and London Telegraph Co Medway HMS Terrible acted as escort and assisted Medway during laying of this cable and the entry below. Laying completed 2 October 1866
1866 Cape Ray, Newfoundland - Cape North, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia Telcon Anglo-American Telegraph Co Medway System 91 nm. Laid between 10 and 16 October 1866. Three circuit cable.
1866 River Plate: Colonia - Punta Lara Henley's Telegraph Works River Plate Telegraph Co Dotorell System 30 nm.
1866 Chios - Crete R.S. Newall & Co ? ? System 200 nm
1866 Killantringan, Wigtownshire, Scotland - Whitehead, County Antrim, Ireland Gutta Percha Co supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co - Spencer & Thomas Ltd Electric & International Telegraph Co ? Edward Bright's List of Submarine Cables, 1867, noted that this cable had 6 cores, 12 armouring wires, and weighed 10 tons per mile.
1867 Placentia - St Pierre - Cape Breton, Nova Scotia Telcon Anglo-American Telegraph Co Chiltern System 300 nm.
1867 Moro, Havana, Cuba - Key West - Punta Rassa, Florida India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works International Ocean Telegraph Co Narva System 102 + 133 nm. Laying began in August 1867 and the cable came into operation on 10th September. F.C. Webb was Engineer in Chief
1867 Hirtshalls, Denmark - Arendal, Norway Hoopers made the rubber insulated core. - R.S. Newall & Co Danish Norwegian English Telegraph Co Archimedes - Chevy Chase System 66 nm. Opened for service on the 1st July 1867
1868 Havana - Key West India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works International Ocean Telegraph Co Narva System 125 nm. Sir Charles Tilston Bright was Engineer in Chief
1868 Havana - Key West - Punta Rassa India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works International Ocean Telegraph Co Narva System 244 nm.
1868 Havana - Key West India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Narva System 125 nm.
1868 Malta - Alexandria (1) Telcon 942 nm Anglo-Mediterranean Telegraph Co Scanderia - Chiltern Laying commenced September 26, with the shore end being landed at Malta by Chiltern, and was completed on October 4 when Chiltern landed the Alexandria shore end. HMS Newport carried out the route survey and led the cable expedition. HMS Endymion was also in attendance.
1868 Italy - Sicily Telcon Italian PTT Hawk System 3 nm
1868 Newbiggin by the Sea, England - Sondervig, Denmark Hoopers made the rubber insulated core. - R.S. Newall & Co Danish Norwegian English Telegraph Co Archimedes - Chevy Chase System 342 nm. Completed September 9th (Times). The cable house at Newbiggin is still standing. "Cables were floated by tar barrels, towed ashore by Danish seamen in longboats, then pulled up the beach by horses and placed in trenches cut by local fishermen. They terminated in the ‘Cable House’."
1868 Denmark - Bornholm - Leipaja, Russia Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Danish Russian Telegraph Co La Plata System 88 + 229 nm.
1868 Grisslehamn, Sweden - Nystad, Russia Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Henley’s Telegraph Works Danish Russian Telegraph Co Caroline System 99 nm.
1869 Peterhead, Scotland - Skivoldsvig, Norway Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Norwegian - English Telegraph Co La Plata System 275 nm. Later taken over by Norwegian PTT and GPO
1869 Cephalonia - Zante: Cephalonia - Ithaca: Santa Maura - Ithaca: Santa Maura - Corfu India Rubber, Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Levant Telegraph Co Agnes System 74 nm.
1869 Flinders, Victoria - Low Head, Tasmania Telcon made the core and laid the cable. - Henley’s Telegraph Works armoured the cable Telcon Investigator System 176 nm. Completed 1 May 1869 (Guardian).
Telcon transferred this cable to the Eastern Extension when the 1885 cable was laid. A new heavier shore end was laid at Flinders in 1879 to prevent damage by chafing.
1869 Lands End - Scilly Isles India Rubber, Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co Scilly Isles Telegraph Co. Fusilier System 27 nm. Cable failed
1869 Brest, France - St. Pierre - Cape Cod, USA Telcon 2478 nm. - Henley's Telegraph Works 1086 nm La Société du Câble Transatlantique Française Great Eastern - Chiltern - Hawk - William Cory - Scanderia System 3333 nm. Taken over by Anglo American in 1873.
1869 Moen, Denmark - Libau, Russia Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Great Northern Telegraph Co Caroline System 310 nm
1869 Norway - England Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Great Northern Telegraph Co La Plata  
1869 Bushire - Jask Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Henley's Telegraph Works Indian Government Tweed - Calcutta - Amberwitch System 505 nm.
1869 Crimea - Poti Telcon made the core. - Siemens Bros Indo European Telegraph Co Hull System 300 nm.
1869 Belgium - USA The following appeared in the New York Times dated 7 November 1869:
A NEW OCEAN CABLE. The Proposed Belgo-American Line - The Concession signed by the Belgian Minister at Paris. Special dispatch to the New York Times. PARIS, France Saturday Nov 6 1869 - The concession for the proposed cable between the United States and Belgium was signed yesterday in this city by the Belgian Minister. The grantees are W.C. Barney, E.E. Paulding and J.S. Bartlett. The cable is to be laid from Ostend to some point between Maine and Georgia by an American company.
The cable was never laid.
1870 Porthcurno, Cornwall - (HMS) Brisk ? ? ? (HMS) Brisk a former RN anti slavery vessel was moored 40 miles off Lands End to enable passing ships to be signalled much earlier. A combination of cable breakages and sea sickness among the signallers put an end to the venture.
1870 Salcombe, England - Brignognan (Brest), France W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co   William Cory, Robert Lowe Laid to extend the 1869 French Atlantic cable to London. Abandoned in 1900 and replaced by a Cuckmere - Le Havre cable.
1870 Beachy Head, England - Cap d'Antifer, France W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co Submarine Telegraph Co ? Six conductors. Taken over by the GPO in 1890.
1870 Marseilles, France - Bona, Algeria Telcon 214 nm. Henley's Telegraph Works 300 nm French PTT International Telcon subcontracted part of the manufacture and all the laying to Henley's.
1870 Port Kale, Scotland - Donaghadee, Ireland Telcon supplied the core. - R.S. Newall & Co GPO Monarch (1) - Blazer (2) System 23 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors. Last submarine cable made by R. S. Newall & Co.
1870 Lands End - Scilly Isles W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co ? Caroline System 27 nm.
1870 Scotland - Orkney Islands Siemens Bros Orkney & Shetlands Telegraph Company La Plata  
1870 Malta - Alexandria, Egypt Telcon Anglo Mediterranean Telegraph Co Chiltern - Belgian Laying commenced 22 November 1870
1870 Patras - Separto: Sunium - Thermia: Zante - Trepito: Ithaca - Santa Maura: Peraeus - Syra Telcon Anglo Mediterranean Telegraph Co Agnes  
1870 Bombay - Aden - Suez Telcon - W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co
3600 nm total
British-Indian Telegraph Co Great Eastern - Chiltern - Hibernia - William Cory - Hawk System 3278 nm plus land lines from Suez to Alexandria owned by the Egyptian Government. Opened for service 26 March 1870
1870 Back Bay, Bombay, India - Aden Telcon - W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co 3600 nm total British-Indian Telegraph Co Great Eastern - Chiltern System 1818 nm. Chiltern laid the Bombay shore end of 10 nm, and Great Eastern laid the rest. Laying commenced on 14 February and was completed on 2nd March 1870
1870 Aden - Suez, Egypt Telcon - W.T. Henley Telegraph Works Co 3600 nm total British-Indian Telegraph Co Great Eastern - Chiltern - Hibernia - Hawk - William Cory System 1116 nm. Great Eastern laid 325 nm. from Aden towards Suez handing over to Hibernia which laid 613 nm. Chiltern then laid 250 nm to link up with William Cory laying from Suez. Hawk laid the Suez shore end.
1870 Malta - Gibraltar Telcon Falmouth Gibraltar & Malta Telegraph Co Hawk - Scanderia - Edinburgh System 1150 nm. Laying commenced on 14 May 1870
1870 Gibraltar - Carcavelos, Portugal Telcon Falmouth Gibraltar & Malta Telegraph Co Scanderia - Investigator System 366 nm.
1870 Carcavelos, Portugal - Porthcurno, Cornwall, England Telcon Falmouth Gibraltar & Malta Telegraph Co Hibernia -Investigator System 824 nm. Hibernia commenced laying cable on 2 June and arrived at Porthcurno on 8 June. Investigator laid Porthcurno shore ends.
Completed in June 1870 (NY Times, 24 June 1870)
1870 Malta - Sicily Telcon Anglo Mediterranean Telegraph Co Hawk System 54 nm.
1870 Messina Strait Telcon Anglo Mediterranean Telegraph Co Hawk  
1870 Malta - Alexandria (2) Telcon Anglo Mediterranean Telegraph Co Chiltern - Belgian Handed over on 22 November 1870
[The Manual of Submarine Telegraph Companies]
1870 Dartmouth, England - L'Ancress Bay, Guernsey
Glass Elliot & Co Jersey & Guernsey Telegraph Co. Taken over by the GPO in 1870 International System 22 nm.
1870 Inter CI 1: Saints Bay, Guernsey - Plémont, Jersey
Glass Elliot & Co Jersey & Guernsey Telegraph Co. Taken over by the GPO in 1870 International Upgraded to 1+4 channels in 1932.
1870 Jersey - Guernsey: Guernsey - Alderney W. T. Henley Telegraph Works Co Jersey & Guernsey Telegraph Co Caroline  
1870 Penang - Singapore Telcon British Indian Extension Telegraph Co Scanderia - William Cory System 400 nm. Opened for service 16 December 1870. In 1886 CS Seine carried out extensive repairs and renewals to this cable.
1870 Singapore - Batavia Telcon British Australian Telegraph Co Hibernia System 557 nm. Opened for service 19 November 1870
1870 Batabano - Cienfuegos - Santiago de Cuba India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Suffolk System 150 + 425 nm. Because of shoals between Batabano and Cienfuegos "sugar flats" towed by the Spanish gunboat "Alarma" had to be used at times to lay the cable
1870 Santiago de Cuba, Cuba - Holland Bay, Jamaica India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Dacia System 197 nm. A landline connected the cable terminus to Kingston. Laying commenced on 13th September and was completed by the 15th.
1870 Colon, Panama - Kingston, Jamaica India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Dacia System 550 nm. Laying commenced from Colon on 24 October and on 27th October after 367 nm had been paid out the cable parted. Grappling went on until 1st November without success and the cable was abandoned.
1870 St. Thomas, DWI - San Juan, Peurto Rico India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Dacia - Suffolk System 79 nm. Laying started on 7th December and was completed on 12th.
1870 Renard Point - Valentia, Ireland ? ? ? System 0.5 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors.
1871 Madras - Penang Telcon British Indian Extension Telegraph Co Scanderia - Edinburgh System 1408 nm. Opened for service 4 January 1871
1871 St Thomas - St Kitts - Antigua - Guadeloupe - Dominica - Martinique - St Lucia - St Vincent - Barbados: St Vincent - Grenada - Trinidad - Georgetown, British Guiana India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Dacia - Suffolk System 173 + 90 + 78 + 55 + 56 + 54 + 93 + 110: 89 + 92 + 360 nm. In 1874 the Martinique - Dominica cable was recovered, repaired and relaid by CS Kangaroo. A landline was built in 1872 to connect Basse Terre and Pointe à Pitre, Guadeloupe.
1871 Key West - Punta Rassa ? International Ocean Telegraph Co ?  
1871 Banjoewangie, Java - Port Darwin, Australia Telcon British Australian Telegraph Co Hibernia - Edinburgh System 1082 nm. Cable laying completed 22 November 1871. A fault developed on 25 June 1872 and was not repaired until 21 October 1872. Part of this cable was recovered by C&W. WFS 1930.
1871 Java - Sumatra Telcon British Australian Telegraph Co Investigator  
1871 Orkney - Shetland Henleys Telegraph Works - Reid Brothers Orkney & Shetlands Telegraph Company Caroline  
1871 Gibraltar - Vila Real, Spain - Carcavelos, Portugal Henley’s Telegraph Works Falmouth, Gibraltar & Malta Telegraph Co La Plata Cable laying commenced 27 September 1871
1871 Marseilles, France - Algiers, Algeria India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works French PTT International  
1871 Minorca - Majorca Henley's Telegraph Works Spanish Government ?  
1871 Ibiza - San Antonio Henley's Telegraph Works Spanish Government ?  
1871 Singapore - Shanghai - Hong Kong Telcon China Submarine Telegraph Co Kangaroo - Minia - Agnes - Belgian Completed 11 June (NY Times, 25 July 1871)
1871 Rhodes - Marmorece: Cyprus - Salakigae Telcon Turkish Government Scanderia  
1871 Samos - Scala Nuova: Aevali - Mytilene Telcon Turkish Government Scanderia - Hawk  
1871 Canea - Rettimo - Candia - Sitia - Rhodes: Chios - Chesme Telcon Telcon Scanderia - Hawk Operated by the Anglo-Mediterranean company and later taken over by them
1871 Zante - Corfu: Zante - Cephalonia Telcon Telcon Scanderia
1871 Vladivostock - Nagasaki - Shanghai - Hong Kong Hoopers Telegraph Works supplied the core. - Hoopers sub-contracted Siemens Bros to armour the cable as their own armouring factory had not been completed. Great Northern, China & Japan Extension Telegraph Co Africa - Great Northern - Cella - Tordenskjold System 772 + 491 + 950 nm. Tordenskjold laid the shore ends at Hong Kong.
1871 Lowestoft - Borkum - Greetsiel Henley's Telegraph Works German Union Telegraph Co La Plata German owned but operated by the GPO
1871 Porth Crugmor, Anglesey - Howth, Ireland No 1 Henleys Telegraph Works GPO La Plata System 64.5 nm. Cable contained 7 conductors
1871 Ganovan Bay, Oban, Scotland - Isle of Mull ? GPO ? System 6.4 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1871 Glenacardock Point, Cantyre, Scotland - Isle of Islay ? GPO ? System 16 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1872 Jamaica - Puerto Rico India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Dacia - Suffolk  
1872 Alexandria, Egypt - Sitia, Crete Henley's Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Africa Telcon sub-contracted the work to Henley's
1872 Sitia, Crete - Zante - Otranto, Italy Henley's Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Africa Telcon sub-contracted the work to Henley's
1872 Italy - Sicily Henley's Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Africa Two cables laid
1872 Maeda - Amagakudo, Kanmon Straits, Japan No 1 ? Japanese Government ? System 1.1 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1872 The Lizard, England - Bilbao, Spain India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Direct Spanish Telegraph Co Dacia Taken over by Eastern in 1885
1872 Loch Ewe, Scotland - Branahuie Bay, Stornoway, Lewis, Outer Hebrides ? GPO ? System 32.5 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1872 Ross & Cromarty, Scotland - Isle of Skye ? GPO ? System 0.77 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1872 Rugha Ben, Scotland - Isle of Bute ? GPO ? System 0.4 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1873 Cuxhaven - Heligoland Henley's Telegraph Works Hamburg & Heligoland Telegraph Co La Plata Telcon sub-contracted the work to Henley's
1873 Valentia, Ireland - Heart's Content, Newfoundland Telcon Anglo American Telegraph Co Great Eastern This cable was originally ordered by the French Atlantic Telegraph Company just before its takeover by Anglo American. After completion, because of the shorter route, 1000 nm of cable was left and so additional cable was ordered to enable another cable to be laid, this being done in 1874.
1873 Heart's Content - Rantem - Island Cove - Placentia, Newfoundland - St Pierre - Sydney, Nova Scotia   Anglo American Telegraph Co Robert Lowe Because of the poor state of the land line Anglo American laid a cable to Rantem. From there to Island Cove a buried land line, then continued to Sydney via Placentia and St Pierre with a submarine cable.
1873 Para (Belem) - Maranham (Sao Luis) - Ceara (Fortaleza) - Pernambuco (Recife) - Bahia (Salvador) - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Present day names are in brackets Hoopers Telegraph Works Western & Brazilian Telegraph Co Hooper System 406 + 396 + 450 + 464 + 840 nm
1873 Oye, France - Fanö, Denmark Henley's Telegraph Works Great Northern Telegraph. Co La Plata - Africa System 383 nm.
1873 Skagen, Denmark - Marstrand, Sweden Henley's Telegraph Works Great Northern Telegraph. Co La Plata - Africa System 34 nm.
1873 Newbiggin, England - Sondervig, Denmark Henley's Telegraph Works Great Northern Telegraph. Co Africa  
1873 Porthcurno, England - Vigo, Spain - Carcavelos, Portugal Henley's Telegraph Works. Telcon sub-contracted the work to Henley's Eastern Telegraph Co Africa - Minia - Kangaroo System: Actual distance, 806 nm. Cable laid, 908 nm. From Porthcurno, Minia laid 10 nm shore end cable and 142 nm of intermediate cable. Following on Africa laid 33 nm of 2nd intermediate cable, then 388 nm of main cable, completing the laying to Vigo with 33 nm of 2nd intermediate cable, 22 nm of intermediate cable and 15 nm of shore end cable. From Carcavelos, Kangaroo laid 8 nm of shore end cable, 44 nm of intermediate cable, 18 nm of 2nd intermediate cable, a further 180 nm of intermediate cable, then 15 nm of shore end cable.
1873 Montevideo - Maldonado - Chuy Henley's Telegraph Works Montevidean & Brazilian Telegraph Co Mazeppa Western & Brazilian took over this company
1873 Italy - Sicily Henley's Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Africa 2 cables laid
1873 Syra - Thermia: Syra - Chios: Syra - Tenos: Andros -Tenos: Andros - Negraport: Morea - Hydra: Morea - Spetizia: Morea - Paros Telcon Greek Government - Eastern Telegraph Co Hawk  
1873 Montevideo, Uruguay - Punta Lara, Argentina India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works River Plate Telegraph Co Estella This company was taken over by Western & Brazilian
1873 Key West, USA - Havana, Cuba ? International Ocean Telegraph Co Dacia  
1873 South Africa Hooper's Telegraph Works     Hooper's proposed this cable and even made samples, but no funding was found and the cable was never laid
1873 Maeda - Amagakudo, Kanmon Straits, Japan No 2 ? Japanese Government ? System 1.1 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1874 Carcavelos, Portugal - Madeira Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Seine - Minia  
1874 Madeira - St Vincent, Cape Verde Islands Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Hibernia - Edinburgh  
1874 St Vincent, Cape Verde Islands - Pernambuco (Recife), Brazil Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Hibernia - Edinburgh - Seine - Investigator  
1874 Holland Bay, Jamaica -Ponce, Puerto Rica - St Croix Telegraph Construction & Maintenance Co West India & Panama Telegraph Co Minia - Kangaroo System 667 nm
1874 Para, Brazil - Cayenne, French Guiana - Demerara, British Guiana (Guyana) Hoopers Telegraph Works Western & Brazilian Telegraph Co Hooper Abandoned after 2 years
1874 Marseilles, France - Barcelona, Spain India Rubber, Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Direct Spanish Telegraph Co Dacia  
1874 Constantinople, Turkey - Odessa, Russia Henley's Telegraph Works Black Sea Telegraph Co La Plata  
1874 Valentia, Ireland - Heart's Content, Newfoundland Telcon Anglo American Telegraph Co Great Eastern - Minia  
1874 Rye Beach, USA - Tor Bay, Nova Scotia - Harbour Grace, Newfoundland - Ballinskelligs, Ireland Siemens Bros Direct United States Cable Co Faraday (1) - Ambassador System 3200 nm. Anglo American gained a majority shareholding in the company, but it continued to operate under its own name even when leased by Western Union. Purchased by the GPO in 1920.
In 1952 Monarch (4) undertook major repair work on this cable. It was diverted from Harbour Grace into St. Johns in 1953.
1874 Rio de Janeiro - Santos - Florianopolis, Brazil Siemens Bros Companhia Telegrafica Platino- Braziliera Ambassador System 1026 nm including two following entries
1874 Florianopolis, Brazil - Rio Grande, Brazil Siemens Bros. See above Companhia Telegrafica Platino Braziliera Gomos Gomos foundered after laying this cable, and 204 nm of cable was lost. La Plata was chartered from Henley's, but foundered in the Bay of Biscay on 29 November 1874 with the loss of 58 crew. More cable was manufactured and laid by Ambassador
1874 Rio Grande, Brazil - Chuy, Uruguay Siemens Bros. See above Companhia Telegrafica Platino- Braziliera Ambassador  
1874 Alexandria, Egypt - Crete Henley's Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Africa  
1874 San Sebastian - Bilbao - Santander Henley's Telegraph Works Spanish Government Caroline - Investigator  
1874 Kyushu - Honshu, Japan ? Japanese Government Densimu Maru  
1874 Malta - Gozo ? Admiralty HMS Torch For use by the Royal Navy
1874 Fukushima - Imabetsu, Tsugaru Straits, Japan ? Japanese Government Store Nordiske August; Great Northern Telegraph Company awarded contract to lay 2 cables over this route. Laying was carried out in October
1874 Hoy, Orkneys - Houton Head, Scotland Henleys Telegraph Works Orkney & Shetland Telegraph Co ? System 2.5 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1874 Orkney - Shetland Henleys Telegraph Works Orkney & Shetland Telegraph Co ?  
1874 USA - Japan       Proposed and surveyed, but never laid
1875 Batabano - Cienfuegos - Santiago de Cuba, Cuba Hoopers Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Great Northern  
1875 Valparaiso - La Serena - Caldera - Antofagasta - Iquique - Arica, All in Chile - Lima, Peru India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West Coast of America Telegraph Co Dacia

Taken over by the Eastern Telegraph Company, and a new company with the same name was incorporated in 1877.
The Central and South American Telegraph Company had a terminus at Chorillos, Lima and traffic was exchanged between the two companies in Lima, then the Central was granted an extension to Valparaiso so the West Coast moved its southern terminus to Concepcion.

1875 St Croix - St Thomas: St Croix - Trinidad: St Croix - Ponce Hoopers Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Hooper - Norseman System 49 + 635 + 140 nm.
1875 Kingston, Jamaica - Colon, Panama India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co ? System 550 nm. Cable came into service on 1st January 1875. This cable was laid after the settlement of a dispute between West India and India Rubber over the failure to complete the 1870 cable over the same route.
1875 Punta Rassa - Sanibel Island - Key West ? International Ocean Telegraph Co Professor Morse In 1890 Rhiwderin overhauled and relaid this cable.
1875 Whitehaven - Ramsey India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works GPO Caroline  
1875 Orbetello - Terranova, Sardinia ? Italian PTT Chiltern  
1875 (Laid in) Banyugawa Sagami ? Japanese Government ? System ½ km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1876 La Perouse, Botany Bay, Sydney, Australia - Wakapuaka, Nelson, New Zealand Telcon Eastern Extension Australia & China Telegraph Co Hibernia - Edinburgh
John Seymour: First Mate, Hibernia
System 1283 nm. HMS Challenger surveyed route. Sydney end of cable was diverted into Bondi Beach in 1917. WFS 1932
1876 Suez, Egypt - Suakin, Sudan - Perim - Aden Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Kangaroo - Hibernia - Seine System 803 + 670 + 144 nm. Laying commenced 11 November 1876.
1876 Sicily - Italy ? Italian PTT Hawk  
1876 Shibukawa - Nou, Bisan Straits, Japan No 1 ? Japanese Government ? System 8.2 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1876 Kangaroo Island - Adelaide, Australia ? ? ?  
1876 Cook Strait No 2: Whites Bay, South Island - Lyall Bay, North Island, New Zealand Telcon; main cable. Siemens Bros; shore ends NZ PTT Agnes Completed September 1876
1876 Dunnet, Scotland - Hoy Island, Orkneys ? GPO ? System 21 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1876 Hoy Island - Houton Head, Mainland, Orkneys ? GPO ? System 2.5 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1877 Marseilles, France - Bona, Algeria - Malta Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Kangaroo - Calabria  
1877 Aden - Bombay, India Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Kangaroo - Hibernia - Seine System 1870 nm. Laying commenced 7 March 1877
1877 Rangoon, Burma - Penang, Malaya Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia & China Telegraph Co Hibernia - Kangaroo Laying commenced 7 April 1877
1878 Tenedos - Syra - Chios - Candia Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co John Pender (1)  
1878 Tenedos - Constantinople Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Red Rover (2)  
1878 Antibes - Corsica Telcon French PTT John Pender (1)  
1878 Alexandria, Egypt - Larnaca, Cyprus Hoopers Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Great Northern  
1878 Lemnos - Salonika No 1 Hoopers Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Great Northern  
1878 Santiago de Cuba - Jamaica India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Investigator System 210 nm
1878 Shibukawa - Nou, Bisan Straits, Japan No 2 ? Japanese Government ? System 8.2 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation. Damaged by teredo worm and abandoned 1879
1879 Knock Bay, Scotland - Whitehead, Ireland ? GPO ? System 23 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors.
1879 Marseilles, France - Algiers, Algeria India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works French PTT Dacia - Charente Dacia left Silvertown on 3 Sep 1879 and returned on 16 Nov after laying this cable and carrying out repairs to the Lizard - Bilbao cable
1879 Ibiza - Majorca Henley's Telegraph Works Spanish Government ?  
1879 Norway - Germany ? Norwegian PTT John Pender (1) From The Engineer, Oct 31, 1879:
A new cable to connect Scandinavia to Germany has been submerged. Hitherto Germany has been obliged to send all her telegrams to Norway through Denmark and Sweden, which was not pleasant considering her delicate relations with Denmark; and therefore she lays the line at her own cost, and all telegrams between Norway and Germany are to pass through it.
1879 Aden - Zanzibar Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Kangaroo - Scotia
John Seymour: Master, Kangaroo
System 3900 nm for Aden - Durban cables. Kangaroo commenced laying 10 December 1879. Scotia took over 16 December and completes laying on 25 December
From The Engineer, Oct 24, 1879:
The local representative of the Eastern Telegraph Company gives notice that a cable between Durban and Delagoa Bay [now Maputo Bay] has been completed. The section is, therefore, now open to the public. The rate from Durban to Delagoa Bay is 13d. per word. The Imperial, Portuguese, and Colonial Governments are entitled to half rates.
Aden - Zanzibar was the last link, in service 25 Dec 1879 (NYT).
1879 Zanzibar - Mozambique Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Seine - Calabria
1879 Mozambique - Lorenzo Marques Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Calabria
1879 Lorenzo Marques - Durban Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Kangaroo
John Seymour: Master, Kangaroo
1879 Penang - Malacca, Malaya - Singapore Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia & China Telegraph Co Scotia - Edinburgh Laying commenced 15 August 1879
1879 Singapore - Banjoewangie, Java, DEI Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia China Telegraph Co Scotia - Edinburgh Laying commenced 9 December 1879
1879 Brest, France - St. Pierre Siemens Bros La Compagnie Française du Télégraphe de Paris à New York Faraday (1) System 2242 nm.
1879 St Pierre - Cape Cod, USA Siemens Bros La Compagnie Française du Télégraphe de Paris à New York Faraday (1) System 827 nm.
1879 St Pierre - Cape Breton Island Siemens Bros La Compagnie Française du Télégraphe de Paris à New York Faraday (1) System 188 nm.
1880 Brest, France - Cornwall, England Siemens Bros La Compagnie Française du Télégraphe de Paris à New York Faraday (1) System 151 nm.
1880 Banjoewangie, Java - Darwin, Australia Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia China Telegraph Co Seine - Edinburgh Laying commenced 28 January 1880. WFS 1950. Part of the cable was recovered by C&W.
1880 Cook Strait No 3: Wanganui - Wakapuaka, New Zealand Telcon New Zealand PO Kangaroo
John Seymour: Master, Kangaroo
System 120 nm 10 nm Type A and 110 nm Type B. Cable sample case shows the manufacturing date as 1879, the cable opened for service in 1880
1880 Hong Kong - Philippines Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia China Telegraph Co Calabria  System 535 nm
1880 North Sydney - St Pierre: St Pierre - Bay Roberts Telcon Anglo American Telegraph Co Scotia - Seine  
1880 Blackwater, Ireland - Abermawr, Wales ? GPO ? System 55.5 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors. Cable abandoned 1922/3
1880 Newbiggin by the Sea, England - Arendal, Norway - Marstrand, Sweden Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Co Edinburgh System 503 nm. Opened for service October 1880
1880 Valentia, Ireland - Heart's Content, Newfoundland Telcon Anglo American Telegraph Co Scotia - Seine A near complete renewal of the 1866 cable only the shore ends were not replaced.
1880 Jersey - France ? Submarine Telegraph Co ? Taken over by the GPO in 1890
1880 Marseilles, France - Algiers, Algeria India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works French PTT Dacia Dacia left Silvertown on 11 Sep 1880 and returned on 18 Oct.
1880 Pellworm - Amrum Is - Hooge Is Felten & Guilleaume - Siemens & Halske ? Delphin System 12 nm.
1881 Sicily - Lipari - Salina ? Italian PTT Chiltern  
1881 Euboea - Skiathos: Oreas - Stavro: Laurium - Zea: Hydra - Metochi Telcon Greek Government - Eastern Telegraph Co Retriever (1)  
1881 Galveston, Texas, USA  - Tampico, Mexico - Vera Cruz, Mexico India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Mexican Telegraph Co Dacia - International System 738 nm. Dacia left Silvertown on 6 Dec 1880 to lay these cables and carry out repairs to the Havana - Key West cables, returning on 26 July 1881.
1881 Canso, Nova Scotia - Whitesand Bay, Sennen Cove, England Siemens Bros American Telegraph & Cable Co Faraday (1) System 2531 nm. Extended to New York in 1889 by Faraday (1). Leased by Western Union. Diverted into Bay Roberts, Newfoundland in 1913. First submerged telegraph repeater was inserted in the cable in 1950.
1881 Batabano - Cienfuegos - Santiago de Cuba Hoopers Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Hooper  
1881 Tehuantepec, Mexico - La Libertad, El Salvador - San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua - Puntarenas, Costa Rica - Balboa, Panama - Buenaventura, Colombia - Santa Elena, Ecuador - Payta, Peru - Chorillos, Peru India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Central & South American Telegraph Co Silvertown - Retriever (1) System 3200 nm. Dacia left Silvertown on 15 Nov 1881 and returned there on 1 Jun 1882.
1881 Scatha Bay, Orkney - Sandwick Bay, Shetland ? GPO ? System 66 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1881 Ardine Point, Scotland - Ardberg Point, Bute ? GPO ? System 1.4 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors
1882 Singapore - Batavia Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia & China Telegraph Co Seine  
1882 Canso, Nova Scotia - Whitesand Bay, Sennen Cove, England Siemens Bros American Telegraph & Cable Co Faraday (1) System 2531 nm. Extended to New York in 1889 by Faraday (1). Leased by Western Union. Diverted into Bay Roberts, Newfoundland in 1915.
1882 Galveston, Texas, USA - Coatzacoalcos, Mexico India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Mexican Telegraph Co Dacia Dacia left Silvertown on 15 Nov 1881 to lay this cable and the one below, arriving back on 1 Jun 1882
1882 Coatzacoalcos - Vera Cruz, Mexico India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Central & South American Telegraph Co Dacia System 180 nm.
1882 Malta - Tripoli, Libya Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Kangaroo  
1882 Corfu - Otranto No 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co ?  
1882 Corfu - Trieste Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Kangaroo  
1882 Alexandria - Port Said, Egypt Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co John Pender (1) Laying commenced 25 August 1882
1882 Carcavelos - Madeira Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Seine  
1882 Emden - Greetsiel Felten & Guilleame German Union Telegraph Co Scotia - Kangaroo - Gamecock - Stormcock  
1882 Greetsiel - Borkum - Valentia Telcon German Union Telegraph Co Scotia - Kangaroo - Gamecock - Stormcock In 1911 the cable was diverted into Brest forming a Borkum - Brest link and the rest of the cable abandoned
1882 Koujiro - Kurano, Yamaguchi-ken, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System  3.4 km. Double conductor with gutta percha insulation
1882 Moss Bank, Mainland, Shetland - Yell Island, Shetland ? GPO ? System 2.6 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1882 La Calle, Bona, Algeria - Bizerte, Tunisia ? French PTT Charente Laying commenced 21 June at La Calle and was completed on 28 June
1883 Fishguard, Wales - Blackwater, Ireland India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works GPO Dacia System 62 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors
1883 Hong Kong - Foochow - Shanghai Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia China Telegraph Co Scotia System 471 + 449 nm
1883 Aden - Suez, Egypt Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Kangaroo - Seine Laying commenced 21 April 1883
1883 Vladisvostock - Nagasaki - Shanghai Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Co Scotia - Seine  
1883 St Louis, Senegal - Tenerife India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works French PTT Dacia - International  
1883 Cadiz - Las Palmas: Confital - Regla: Garachio - Santa Cruz la Palma India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Spanish National Telegraph Co Dacia - International System 827 + 55 + 77 nm.
1884 Straits of Kertch Siemens Bros Indo European Telegraph Co   System 15 nm.
1884 Aden - Bombay Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Scotia - Calabria  
1884 The Lizard, England - Bilbao, Spain India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Direct Spanish Telegraph Co Scotia Cable landing was moved to Falmouth and then to Porthcurno. Taken over by Eastern in 1885
1884 Benacre, England - Zandvoort, Holland 1 ? GPO ? System 108.5 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors
1884 Hong Kong - Tonkin Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia China Telegraph Co Sherard Osborn - Seine  
1884 Tonkin - Hue - Saigon - Singapore Telcon Eastern Extension Australasia China Telegraph Co Calabria - Kangaroo  
1884 Hong Kong - Macau Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia China Telegraph Co Sherard Osborn  
1884 Madeira - St Vincent, Cape Verde Islands Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Scotia  
1884 St Vincent, Cape Verde Islands - Pernambuco (Recife), Brazil Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Scotia - Calabria  
1884 Zante - Patros No 1 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Chiltern - Volta  
1884 Patras - Corinth No 1 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Chiltern  
1884 Kalamaki - Piraeus No 1 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Volta  
1884 Lemnos - Tenedos Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Volta  
1884 Corfu - Santa Maura: Corfu - Paxos: Argostoli - Lixuri: Skopelos - Skiathos: Trikeri - Vathi Telcon Greek Government - Eastern Telegraph Co Volta  
1884 Aden - Perim Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co ? Laid at the request of the Perim Coal Company, who agreed to spend a minimum of 1060 per annum on telegrams via the ETC network. They also undertook to supply ETC staff with rations and water and other back up services.
1884 Compass Cove, Dartmouth, England - Fort Doyle, Guernsey ? ? ? System 67 nm. Cable contained 3 conductors
1884 St. Martin's Point, Guernsey - Grve au Lancon, Jersey ? ? ? System 16 nm. Cable contained 3 conductors
1884 Workhead, Mainland - Shapinsay, Orkneys ? GPO ? System 2 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1884 Stronsay - Sanday, Orkneys ? GPO ? System 3 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1884 Burray, Orkney - Howequay Head, Orkney ? GPO ? System 2.75 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1884 South Uist - Barra, Outer Hebrides ? GPO ? System 16.5 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1884 Dover Bay, Nova Scotia - Waterville, Ireland - Weston super Mare: Waterville, Ireland - Le Havre, France Siemens Bros Commercial Cable Co Faraday (1) System 6500 nm. Two cables were laid between Canada and Ireland. One was linked to the UK the other to France. (See 1885 entries). In 1909 CS Mackay Bennett diverted one cable into Cuckold's Cove, near St Johns, Newfoundland; the work was completed on 14 July. In 1910 the second cable was diverted to the same place also by Mackay Bennett.
1884 Dover Bay, Nova Scotia - Duxbury, Mass: Dover Bay - Far Rockaway, Long Island Siemens Bros Commercial Cable Co Faraday (1) See above
1885 Waterville, Ireland - Weston super Mare, England Siemens Bros Commercial Cable Co Faraday (1) 330 nm
1885 Waterville, Ireland - Le Havre, France Siemens Bros Commercial Cable Co Faraday (1) 514 nm
1885 Havana, Cuba - Key West India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works International Ocean Telegraph Co Dacia Cable landed at Key West on 10th May
1885 Syra - Chios No 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Volta  
1885 Flinders, Victoria - Low Head, Tasmania Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia and China Telegraph Company Sherard Osborn Laying commenced 23 November 1885. Duplicate cable laid about six miles east of the 1869 cable. The company contract to operate this and the 1869 cable expired on 30 April 1909
1885 Bathurst, Gambia - St Jago, Cameroons - St Vincent, Cape Verde Islands India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works African Direct Telegraph Co Dacia - Buccaneer  
1885 Bathurst, Gambia - Freetown, Sierra Leone - Accra, Gold Coast - Lagos, Nigeria - Brass, Nigeria - Bonny, Nigeria Telcon African Direct Telegraph Co Scotia - Britannia (2)  
1885 St Louis, Senegal - Dakar, Senegal - Bathurst, Gambia - Boloma, Portuguese Guinea - Bissau - Konakry, French Guinea - Freetown, Sierra Leone: Bassam, Ivory Coast - Accra, Gold Coast - Cotonou, Dahomey - St Thomas (Island) - Luanda, Angola: St Thomas - Principe (Island) - Libreville, Gabon India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West African Telegraph Co Dacia - Buccaneer - Silvertown  
1885 Zanzibar - Mozambique Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Seine  
1885 St. Bees, Whitehaven, England - Port Cornah, Isle of Man ? GPO ? System 31 nm. Cable contained 3 conductors
1885 Bushire - Jask India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Indo European Telegraph Dacia - International Laying commenced on 12th December and was completed on 20th December
1885 Port na Cross, Fairlie, Ayshire, Scotland - Corrie, Arran ? GPO ? System 9.5 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors
1885 Sinclair Bay, Wick, Scotland - Sandwick Bay, Shetland Is. ? GPO ? System 122 nm. Cable contained single conductor
1885 Rerwick Head, Mainland - Stronsay, Orkneys ? GPO ? System 10 nm.
1885 Port Cranaig, Cantyre - Arran, Scotland ? GPO ? System 3.25 nm. Cable contained 3 conductors
1885 Burghead - Helmsdale, Scotland ? GPO ? System 26 nm. Cable contained 3 conductors
1885 Hurst Castle - Yarmouth, Isle of Wight ? ? ? System 2.25 nm. Cable contained 3 conductors
1886 Hurst Castle - Sconce Point, Isle of Wight ? ? ? System 1.25 nm. Cable contained 7 conductors
1886 Porthcurno, England - St. Mary's - Isle of Trescow, Scilly Isles ? ? ? System 27.5 + 1 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1886 Harris - North Uist, Outer Hebrides ? GPO ? System 11.5 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1886 Aber Geirch, Wales - Newcastle, Ireland No 1 ? GPO ? System 55 nm. Cable contained 4 conductors
1887 Zante - Patros 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Volta  
1887 Porthcurno - Carcavelos - Gibraltar - Malta - Zante Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Scotia Porthcurno - Carcavelos laying commenced 21 July 1887. Carcavelos - Gibraltar laying commenced 27 July 1887. System Gibraltar - Malta 1162 nm. Malta - Zante 400 nm.
1887 Mainland - Yell Island, Shetland ? GPO ? System 3 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1887 Yell Island - Unst, Shetland ? GPO ? System 1.25 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1887 Burray, Orkney - South Ronaldsay, Orkney ? GPO ? System 1.5 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1887 Largs, Scotland - Great Cumbrae Island ? GPO ? System 1.4 nm. Cable contained 1 conductor
1887 Tamsui, Formosa (Taiwan) - Sharp Peak (Min river), China India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Imperial Chinese Government Fu Chou
The ship's name is variously recorded as Fee Chew, Fee Cheu, Feichen, Feicheu, and Foochow
?
1887 Amping/Tai-Wan-Fu, Formosa - Pescadore Islands India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Imperial Chinese Government Fu Chou ?
1888 Santiago de Cuba - Guantanamo, Cuba - St Nicholas Mole - Cap Haitien, Haiti - Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic Henley’s Telegraph Works supplied half the core and armoured the whole cable: La Société Générale des Téléphones supplied half the core. La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath System 50 + 125 + 96 + 116 nm. Henley's Telegraph Works were responsible for installing the cables.
1888 Puerto Plata - Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic ? ? ? Landline to link to the cable to Venezuela.
1888 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - Willemstad, Curacao - La Guaira, Venezuela Henley’s Telegraph Works supplied half the core and armoured the whole cable: La Société Générale des Téléphones supplied half the core. La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Roddam System 453 nm. Henley's Telegraph Works were responsible for installing the cables.
1888 Java - Bali - Macassar Telcon Dutch East Indies Government Seine System 445 nm.
1888 Port Kale, Scotand - Whitehead, Ireland ? GPO ? System 25.5 nm Cable contained 4 conductors
1888 Chio - Chesme 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Amber  
1888 River Plate Telcon River Plate Telegraph Co Norseman (1)  
1888 Mull - Coll - Tiree, Scotland ? GPO ? System 9.4 +2.2 nm. Cables contained 1 conductor
1889 Fort de France, Martinique - Point à Pirie, Guadelope - St Louis, Marie Galante La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath System 106 + 19 nm. Henley's Telegraph Works were responsible for installing the cables.
1889 Patras - Corinth 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Chiltern  
1889 Kalamaki - Piraeus No 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co John Pender (1)  
1889 Candia - Canea Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Amber  
1889 Cape Town - Nolloth - Mossamedes, Angola Telcon 1584 nm Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Scotia  
1889 Mossamedes - Benguela - Luanda India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Silvertown  
1889 Bonny, Nigeria - Principe (Island of) India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works West African Telegraph Co Silvertown  
1889 Banjoewangie, Java - Broom, WA, Australia Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia & China Telegraph Co Seine Laying commenced 25 February 1889. WFS 1914. Most of the cable was recovered during 1914-15.
1889 Para - Pernmabuco - Rio de Janeiro - Maldonado - Montevideo Telcon Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Co Scotia - Seine
John Seymour: Master, Seine
 
1889 Perim (Aden) - Obock Telcon French Government Chiltern System: Perim: Shore end Type E 2nm; Main cable: Type B 61nm; Obock: Shore end Type E 2nm
1890 Chorillos, Peru - Iquique - Valparaiso, Chile India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Central & South American Telegraph Co Silvertown System 1750 nm.
1890 Newbiggin by the Sea, England - Marstrand, Sweden Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Co Seine
John Seymour: Master, Seine
System 503 nm. Completed week of 21 November 1890 [The Electrical Review p.658]
1890 Mombasa - Zanzibar: Dar es Salaam - Zanzibar Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Recorder (1)  
1890 Punta Rassa - Sanibel Island - Key West Siemens Bros International Ocean Telegraph Co Faraday (1) Rhiwderin In 1927 the Sanibel Island landing was removed. This cable was abandoned in 1942.
1890 La Perouse, Sydney, Australia - Nelson, New Zealand Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia & China Telegraph Co Scotia Laying commenced 7 May 1890. The Sydney end was moved to Bondi Beach in 1917. The Nelson end was first moved to Wellington in 1917 and then to Muriwai Beach, Auckland in 1932. WFS 1956
1890 Aden - Port Sudan, Sudan - Suez, Egypt Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Scotia - John Pender (1) Laying commenced 18 November 1890
1890 Halifax, Canada - Bermuda Henley's Telegraph Works Halifax & Bermudas Telegraph Co Westmeath System 870 nm.
1890 Trinidad - British Guiana: St Vincent - Barbados Henley’s Telegraph Works West India & Panama Telegraph Co Westmeath  
1890 Sai - Omorihama, Tsugaru Straits, Japan ? Japanese Government Meiji Maru System 2 cables each of 44.7 km. Cables single conductor with gutta percha insulation. First cables laid entirely by Japanese
1890 Fort de France, Martinique - Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath  
1890 Perim (Aden) - Sheikh Syed (Turkish Fort) Telcon Turkish Government ? System 8 nm
1891 Madras, India - Penang, Malaya Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia & China Telegraph Co Seine, John Seymour: Master  
1891 Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana - Cayenne, French Guiana - Vizen, Brazil La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath System 278 + 556 nm
1891 Mole St Nicholas - Port au Prince, Haiti La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath System 112 nm
1891 Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic - Fort de France, Martinique La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath System 403 nm
1891 Guadeloupe - The Saints La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins Westmeath System 23 nm
1891 Cienfuegos - Batabano Hoopers Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Rocklands  
1891 Anglo-German: Bacton - Emden 1 Siemens Bros GPO Faraday (1)  
1891 Aden - Bombay Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Scotia - Calabria Laying commenced 19 April 1891
1891 Fano, Denmark - Oye, France Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Co Scotia System 383 nm.
1891 Penang - Medan Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia & China Telegraph Co Recorder (1)  
1891 Pernambuco - Bahia - Rio de Janeiro - Santos India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Western & Brazilian Telegraph Co Silvertown  
1891 Pernambuco - Ceara India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Western & Brazilian Telegraph Co Silvertown Renewal of the 1873 cable
1891 Mexico - Guatemala India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Central & South American Telegraph Co Relay  
1891 St Margarets Bay, England - Sangatte, France No 2 Siemens Bros GPO Monarch (2) First telephone cable across the Channel
1891 Oropos - Eretria Telcon Greek Government - Eastern Telegraph Co Amber  
1891 Yobuko, Honshu - Izuhara, Tsushima ? Japanese Government Purchased from the Great Northern Telegraph Company for £85,000
1891 Sahara - Muroran, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 33.1 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1891 Teradomari - Maura, Essa Straits, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 55.1 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1892 Nassau, Bahamas - Jupiter, Florida Henley's Telegraph Works Colonial Government Westmeath Completed February 4th, 1892
1892 Aber Geirch, Wales - Newcastle, Ireland No 2 ? GPO ?  
1892 Santos - Chuy Telcon Western & Brazilian Telegraph Co Scotia Florianoplis and Rio Grande were linked into this cable in 1924 by Cable Enterprise (1)
1892 Montevideo - Maldonado - Chuy Telcon Western & Brazilian Telegraph Co Scotia The Chuy Cable House was shut down in the 50s and the cables joined straight from Maldonado to Rio Grande.
1892 Marseilles - Oran La Société Générale des Téléphones French PTT François Arago System 638 nm.
1892 Marseille, France - Bizerte, Tunisia Monsieur A. Grammont French PTT Calabria System 553 nm.
1892 Medan - Acheen Telcon Dutch East Indies Government Seine System 289 nm.
1892 Dakar, Senegal - Fernando de Noronha - Pernambuco, Brazil India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works La Compagnie des Câbles Sud-Américans Silvertown System 1620 + 347 nm.
1892 Kure - Edajima, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 2.3 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1893 Mon Repos, Queensland, Australia - Téoudié, New Caledonia La Société Générale des Téléphones La Societe Française des Télégraphes Sous-Marins François Arago System 793 nm. Abandoned 1898
1893 Port Kale, Scotland - Donaghadee, Ireland No 2 ? GPO ? First telephone cable to Ireland
1893 Carcevalos, Portugal - Sao Miguel - Fayal - Pico - Sao Jorge: Pico - Terceira: Sao Jorge - Graciosa, Azores Telcon Europe & Azores Telegraph Co Seine  
1893 Bonny - Calabar - Duala Telcon African Direct Telegraph Co Britannia (2)  
1893 Zanzibar - Mombasa, Kenya Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Scotia  
1893 Zanzibar - Seychelles: Seychelles - Mauritius Telcon Eastern & South African Telegraph Co Scotia - Britannia (2) System 1128 + 1067 nm
1893 Valparaiso - Concepcion, Chile ? West Coast of America Telegraph Co ?  
1893 Tehuantepec, Mexico - San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua - Santa Elena - Ecuador - Chorillos, Peru India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Central & South American Telegraph Co Silvertown  
1893 Hirahata - Gōtsu, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 96.7 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1894 Dover Bay, Nova Scotia - Waterville, Ireland - Weston super Mare, England - Le Havre France Siemens Bros. Commercial Cable Co Faraday (1) System 2161 nm.
In 1926 this cable and the 1905 cable were diverted into Quidi Vidi Harbour by CS John W. Mackay.
1894 Valentia, Ireland - Heart's Content, Newfoundland Telcon Anglo American Telegraph Co Scotia - Britannia (2)  
1894 Singapore - Labuan - Hong Kong Telcon 2002 nm Eastern Extension, Australasia China Telegraph Co Scotia  
1894 Piraeus - Syra No 2 Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Amber  
1894 Oyanojima - Amakusa Tsuchijima, Amakusa Islands, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 3½ km. Single conductor wiith gutta percha insulation
1895 Madagascar - Mozambique La Société Générale des Téléphones - Monsieur Grammont French PTT François Arago System 371 nm.
1895 Cienfuegos - Batabano Hoopers Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Rocklands  
1895 Cienfuegos - Casilda India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Silvertown  
1895 Tunas - Casilda India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Silvertown - Buccaneer  
1895 Tunas - Jucaro - Cape Cruz - Manzanillo India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Silvertown - Buccaneer  
1895 Galveston - Coatzacoalcos Siemens Bros Mexican Telegraph Co Faraday (1)  
1895 Amazon River Cable: Para (Belem) - Manaos (Manaus), Brazil Siemens Bros Amazon Telegraph Co Faraday (1) System 1600 nm
1895 Hatsuyama Iki - Nora Tsushima, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 2.3 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1895 Shirahama Nagasaki - Toraku Gōtsu, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 2.3 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1895 Obock - Bay Tadjourah, Djibouti Telcon French Government ? Total cost of scheme including cable manufacture, shipping and installation, construction of cable huts, 180,000 French Francs
1895 Perim - Asab - Massaua (Massawa), Eritrea Telcon Italian Government ?  
1896 Bacton - Emden 2 India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works GPO Silvertown  
1896 Greetsiel - Borkum - Vigo Telcon German Submarine Telegraph Co Scotia - Calabria - Britannia (2) Borkum - Vigo section was diverted into Dumpton Gap in 1924 by Norderney and George Ward.
1896 New York - Coney Island La Société Générale des Téléphones Commercial Cable Company Seine - François Arago  
1896 Coney Island, USA - Cap Haitien, Haiti La Société Générale des Téléphones US-Haiti Telegraph Company Seine - François Arago System 1400 nm. The cable ships were chartered by La Société. Opened for service 3rd December 1896
1896 Willemstad, Curacao - Coro, Venezuela - Maracaibo, Venezuela La Société Générale des Téléphones La Compagnie Française des Câbles Télégraphiques Pouyer Quertier System 59 + 226 nm. delete
1896 Kagoshima Ohama - Amami Island - Okinawa ? Japanese Government Okinawa Maru System 758 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1896 Tamai - Misaki, Japan ? Japanese Government Okinawa Maru System 39.4 km. 2 conductors insulated with gutta percha
1896 Jigozen - Iwaojima Island, Japan ? Japanese Government Okinawa Maru System 2.4 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1897 Knock Bay - Whitehead 2 ? GPO ?  
1897 St Margarets Bay, England - Sangatte, France No 3 Siemens Bros GPO Monarch (2)  
1897 Abbotscliffe, England - Cap Gris Nez, France No 2 ? GPO ?  
1897 Vigo, Spain - Gibraltar Hoopers Telegraph Works Eastern Telegraph Co Great Northern - Mirror (1) - Chiltern  
1897 Madras - Penang Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia & China Telegraph Co Sherard Osborn  
1897 Penang - Malacca - Singapore Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia & China Telegraph Co Sherard Osborn Laying commenced 10 April 1897
1897 Bali - Lombok: Oleleh - Sabang Telcon Dutch East Indies Government Seine System 92 + 26 nm.
1897 Manila - Capiz: Taburam - Escalante: Bacolod - Iloilo Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia China Telegraph Co Sherard Osborn  
1897 Manzanillo - Cape Cruz - Santiago Hoopers Telegraph Works Cuba Submarine Telegraph Co Grandholm  
1897 Willemstad, Curacao - La Guaira, Venezuela La Société Générale des Téléphones La Compagnie Francaise des Cables Telegraphiques Pouyer Quertier System 161 nm
1897 La Guaira - Puerto Cabello: Willemstad - La Vela de Coro - Maracaibo, Venezuela La Société Générale des Téléphones La Compagnie Francaise des Cables Telegraphiques Pouyer Quertier System 77 + 59 + 226 nm. La Vela de Coro - Maracaibo cable abandoned 1915.
1897 Brest, France - Cape Cod, USA La Société Générale des Téléphones La Compagnie Française des Câbles Télégraphiques François Arago System 3173 nm.
1897 Okinawa - Ishigakijima, Japan - Danshuei, Taiwan ? ? Okinawa Maru System 850.1 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1897 Teshaku Tottori - Futoi - Shiohama, Japan ? ? Okinawa Maru System 91.6 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation.
1898 Cape Cod - New York La Société Générale des Téléphones La Compagnie Française des Câbles Télégraphiques François Arago System 324 nm.
1898 Aber Geirch (Nevin), Wales - Newcastle, Ireland ? GPO ? Telephone cable. The third cable on this route, the first two being telegraph cables.
1898 Jamaica - Turks Island - Bermuda Telcon Direct West India Telegraph Co Scotia System 1284 nm
1898 St. Croix - St Lucia - Grenada - Trinidad Siemens Bros West India & Panama Telegraph Co Faraday (1) System 345 + 165 + 129 nm
1898 Porthcurno, England - Gibraltar Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Scotia  
1898 Sahara - Muroran, Japan No 2 ? Japanese Government ? System 33.4 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1899 Gibraltar - Malta - Alexandria, Egypt Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Anglia  
1899 Manila - Capiz - Iloilo - Cebu Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia China Telegraph Co Recorder (1)  
1899 Punta Rassa - Miami Beach, Florida India Rubber Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works International Ocean Telegraph Co Dacia System 134 nm.
1899 Havana - Key West ? International Ocean Telegraph Co   System 98 nm.
1899 Cape Town, South Africa - St Helena Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Anglia System 2065 nm
1899 St Helena - Ascension Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Seine System 844 nm.
1899 Kunashiri Island - Etorofu Island, Hokkaido, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 58.8 km Single conductor insulated with gutta percha.
1899 Wakkanai - Rishrito - Rebunto, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 49.9 km. Single conductor with gutta percha insulation
1900 La Guaira - Carrenero - Puerto La Cruz - Cumanà - Carúpano, Venezuela La Société Générale des Téléphones La Compagnie Francaise des Cables Telegraphiques ?  
1900 Para - Pernambuco - Rio de Janeiro - Maldonado - Montevideo Telcon Western Telegraph Co Scotia System 1390 + 1372 + 1093 + 72 nm
1900 Ascension - St Vincent, Cape Verde Islands Telcon Eastern Telegraph Co Anglia System 1975 nm
1900 Tsingtau - Tschifu: Tschifu - Tsingtau Felten & Guillaume German PTT Sherard Osborn 2 cables laid over this route. CS Von Podbielski loaded the cable aboard at Rotterdam. Opened for traffic on the 4th October 1900
1900 Shanghai - Tschifu Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Company Store Nordiske (1) - John Pender (2) - Sherard Osborn  
1900 Pusan, Korea - Tsuschima, Japan Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Company Store Nordiske (1)  
1900 Port Arthur - Tschifu ? Russian PTT   This cable and the one below were handed over to the Imperial Chinese Telegraph Company in 1905. Japan then signed a treaty with China to operate and maintain these cables.
1900 Port Arthur - Sasebo, Island of Kyushu ? Russian PTT    
1900 Wei Hai Wei - Tschifu Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia and China Telegraph Company Store Nordiske (1) The UK handed Wei Hai Wei back to the Chinese in 1930
1900 Tschifu - Taku Telcon Great Northern Telegraph Company Store Nordiske (1) Opened for traffic on the 4th October
1900 Tschifu - Taku 2 Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia and China Telegraph Company Store Nordiske (1)  
1900 Tsingtau - Tschifu Telcon Eastern Extension, Australasia and China Telegraph Company Sherard Osborn  
1900 Tsingtau - Shanghai Felten & Guillaume German PTT Sherard Osborn - Von Podbielski - Store Nordiske (1) Opened for traffic on the 1st January 1901
1900 Benacre, England -
Zandvoort, Holland 2
? GPO ?  
1900 Greetsiel - Borkum, Germany - Fayal, Azores Felten & Guilleaume supplied the conductor and armouring wires. - Telcon made and laid the cable German Atlantic Telegraph Co Anglia - Britannia (2) Diverted into Porthcurno in 1917 by Colonia. Operated by the GPO until 1929 then by Cable & Wireless.
1900 Fayal, Azores - New York, USA Felten & Guilleaume supplied the conductor and armouring wires. - Telcon made and laid the cable German Atlantic Telegraph Co Anglia - Britannia (2) Diverted into Brest in 1917. Operated by the French PTT
1900 Nova Scotia - Horta, Azores Siemens Bros Commercial Cable Co Faraday (1) System 1698 nm.
1900 Nova Scotia - New York Siemens Bros Commercial Cable Co Silvertown  
1900 Unalakik - St Michael - Safety Island, Cape Gnome, Alaska ? US Army Orizaba System 55 + 132 nm. At Unalakik the cable connected with the landline to the Yukon.
1900 Straits of Mackinac, Lake Michigan Simplex Electric Company ? ? System 5 nm. Telephone cable insulated with rubber
1900 Boston Harbour Simplex Electric Company ? ? System nm. Telephone cable insulated with rubber
1900 Kuromon - Fujigayama, Kanmon Straits, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 34 km. First submarine telephone cable laid in Japan. Conductor made of 8 strands copper wire, seven wrapped around eighth, insulated with gutta percha.
1900 Muroran - Kokugokou, Japan ? Japanese Government ? System 38.2 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1900 Tomamae - Yakishiri - Amauritou, Japan ? Japanese Government   System 29.9 km. Single conductor insulated with gutta percha
1900 Motoki Aomori - Kikonai, Japan ? Japanese Government   System 56.4 km. Double conductor insulated with gutta percha
 
These Canadian cables were laid prior to 1890, as they appear in the Berne List in a publication of that year, but the exact dates are unknown.
? Gasp, Quebec - Anticosta Island, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 44.25 nm
? Big Bras d'Or, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; Across the Channel ? Canadian Government ? System 0.5 nm
? Eastport - Campo-Bello Island, New Brunswick ? Canadian Government ? System 2 nm
? Cape Sable, Nova Scotia; Across the Channel ? Canadian Government ? System 1.75 nm
? Manicougan - Godbout, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 26 nm
? Grosse Isle - Isle aux Reaux, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 2 nm
? Meat Cove - Old Harry - Bird Rock, Magdalen Islands, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 73.5 nm
? Point Pele - Pele Island, Ontario ? Canadian Government ? System 8.75 nm
? Bersimis - Pointe aux Outardes, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 12 nm
? L'Ange Gardien - St Pierre, Orleans Island, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 1 nm
? St Franois - Isle au Reaux, Quebec ? Canadian Government ? System 2 nm
? Tadoussac, North Shore, Quebec; Across the Saguenay River ? Canadian Government ? System 1.25 nm
 
Cables laid across Bays and Estuaries in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland prior to 1890
1870, 82 Strachur - Kenmure, Loch Fyne, Scotland (2 cables) ? ? ? System 1870; 1.2 nm with 6 conductors: 1882 1.1 nm. with 7 conductors
1871 Across the Port of Milford Haven, Wales (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.6 nm. with 4 conductors
1871 Across Waterford Harbour, Ireland (3 cables) ? ? ? System cables 1.4, 1.4, 1.5 nm with 4 conductors
1871 Granton - Burntisland, across the Firth of Forth, Scotland (1 cable) ? ? ? System 5.1 nm. Cable with 4 conductors
1873, 84, 86 North Queensferry - South Queensferry, Scotland (3 cables) ? ? ? System 1873 1.2 nm; 1884 1.4 nm: 1886 1.3 nm. each with 7 conductors
1878, 82, 87 Row - Clachan Gairloch, Scotland (3 cables) ? ? ? System each cable 0.4 nm with 7, 4 and 3 conductors respectively
1879 New Holland - Dairycoates, Hull, England ( 1 cable) ? ? ? System 1.4 nm. with 7 conductors
1880, 83 Across the River Slaney at Wexford, Ireland (2 cables) ? ? ? System each cable 0.34 nm with 7 and 4 conductors respectively
1882 Across Loch Leven at Ballachulich Ferry, Scotland (4 cables) ? ? ? System 1882; 2 cables 0.2 nm. with 1 conductor; Undated 2 cables 0.2 nm with 1 conductor
1882 Granton - Arberdour, Across the Firth of Forth, Scotland (1 cable) ? ? ? System 4.5 nm with 7 conductors
1882, 84 Across Loch Etive at Connel Ferry, Scotland (2 cables) ? ? ? System 1882; 0.28 nm with 1 conductor: 1884; 0.28 nm with 4 conductors
1882, 88 Across Loch Creran at Shian Ferry, Scotland. (3 cables) ? ? ? System 1882; 2 cables 0.61nm and 0.63 nm both with 1 conductor. 1888; 1 cable 0.66 nm with 4 conductors
1884, 88 Across the River Dart to Chain Ferry, Devon, England (2 cables) ? ? ? System both cables 0.3 nm. 1884 with 3 conductors, 1888 with 4 conductors
1885 Across Loch Eil at Corran Ferry, Scotland (1 cable) ? ? ? System 1.1 nm with 1 conductor
1885 Cove - Blaimore; Across Loch Long, Scotland (2 cables) ? ? ? System each cable 1.6 nm with 7 conductors
1886 Across the Firth of Forth at Alloa, Scotland (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.28 nm with 1 conductor
? Across the River Tees at Middlesborough (8 cables) ? ? ? System all 0.2 nm, 2 with 7 conductors and 6 with 4 conductors
? Across the Gloucester & Sharpness Canal at Sharpness, England (4 cables) ? ? ? System all 0.05 nm with 4 conductors
? Swansea Docks - Swansea, Across the Canal, Wales (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.07 nm with 4 conductors
? Across the River Yar, Isle of Wight, England (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.07 nm with 7 conductors
? Across the River Medina, Isle of Wight (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.08 nm with 4 conductors
? Across the River Dee at Queensferry, Chester, England (2 cables ? ? ? System both cables 0.1 nm with 4 conductors
? Across the River Suir at Waterbridge, Ireland (5 cables) ? ? ? System each cable 0.15 nm. with 4 conductors
? Devonport - Torpoint, across the River Tamar, England (2 cables) ? ? ? System 0.38 and 0.36 nm. Each with 1 conductor
? Whitepoint - Haulbowline, Ireland (2 cables) ? ? ? System each cable 0.26 nm. Each with 1 conductor
? Haulbowline - Spike Island, Ireland (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.4 nm with 1 conductor
? Cross Haven - West Seamount, Ireland (1 cable) ? ? ? System 0.2 nm with 1 conductor
? Foyle Road - Waterside, Ireland (2 cables) ? ? ? System each cable 0.25 nm. One with 4 conductors and one with 7 conductors
 
  PROPOSED CABLE TO AUSTRALIA
  Sook Bay, British Columbia - Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) ? ? ? System 2350 nm
  Sandwich Islands - Fanning Island ? ? ? System 1050 nm
  Fanning Island - Samoa Island ? ? ? System 1260 nm
  Samoa Island - Fiji Islands ? ? ? System 475 nm
  Fiji Islands - Brisbane, Australia ? ? ? System 1620 nm
  System total 6755 nm
 
  PROPOSED DIRECT CABLE TO SCOTLAND or IRELAND
  Anticosti Island - Greenly Island, Strait of Belle Isle, Quebec, Canada ? ? ? System 240 nm
  Greenly Island - Mull, Scotland. Or to Westport Island, Clew Bay, Ireland ? ? ? System 1900 nm
  System total 2140 nm
 
  PROPOSED CABLE TO JAPAN via the ALEUTIAN ISLANDS
  Vancouver Island, British Columbia - Yezzo, Japan ? ? ? Estimated length of system 3450 nm
 
  None of the above 3 schemes were undertaken

Last revised: 11 July, 2014

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