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History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications
from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network

Memorabilia & Ephemera

1956 TAT-1 Silver Commemorative Dish

This commemorative of the 1956 TAT-1 (TransAtlantic Telephone) cable is a small sterling silver dish just 90mm in diameter. The dish was presented by Submarine Cables Limited to Frederick A. Kappel, and is inscribed:

Presented by
Submarine Cables Limited
to
F.R. Kappel
to commemorate the
First Trans-Atlantic Telephone Cables
Ocean Works. Erith. Kent. 1956

View of the bottom of the dish

The hallmarks indicate a London maker (un-named), a 1956 manufacturing date, and the material as 0.925 silver.

Submarine Cables Limited (SCL) of Erith, Kent, was the manufacturer of the TAT-1 main cable, and Kappel was President of American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), one of three sponsors of the cable. The other sponsors were the British Post Office (GPO) and the Canadian Overseas Telecommunications Corporation (COTC).

In the centre of the dish is a small section of cable; oddly, this is not a piece of TAT-1.

View of the inside of the dish showing the cable section

TAT-1 was inaugurated on 25 September 1956 with a three-way conversation over the cable between New York, Ottawa, and London. Many distinguished guests participated in this first official call over TAT-1.

AT&T President Frederick Kappel (left) and AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories President Oliver Buckley prepare to speak to England at the opening of the first transatlantic telephone cable, Sept. 25, 1956.

Image courtesy of Milestones in AT&T Network History website

In New York were Frederick Kappel, President of AT&T; Cleo F. Craig, Chairman of the Board of AT&T; Oliver Buckley, President of AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories; and George McConnaughey, Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission.

In Ottawa were Douglas F. Bowie, President of the Canadian Overseas Telecommunications Corporation; T.W. Edie, President of the Bell Telephone Company; Livingston T. Merchant, U.S. Ambassador to Canada; Mr. Neil Pritchard, the Deputy United Kingdom High Commissioner to Canada; and the honourable George C. Mahler, the Minister of Transport for Canada.

In London were Dr. Charles Hill, the Postmaster General; and Sir Gordon Radley, Director General of the Post Office.

250 other guests listened with individual earphones to the first conversation, and the event was recorded by television cameras.

In January 1957 the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) broadcast a television interview with COTC’s President, Douglas Bowie, who had participated in the TAT-1 opening ceremony just four months earlier. The interview included a demonstration of both telephone and telex calls on the new cable. Video of this interview may be viewed at the CBC archives website. Mr. Bowie noted that one of the 36 telephone circuits could be used to provide 22 telegraph/Telex channels.

TAT-1 remained in service until 1978 without a single failure, and was withdrawn from service only because many higher-capacity cables had by then been installed across the Atlantic.

In 2006 the engineering achievement of TAT-1 was commemorated with the installation of a plaque in Clarenville, Newfoundland, the site of the Canadian landing of the cable. The photograph below, from Tom Wills of AT&T, shows the plaque before it was sent to Newfoundland.

Tom Wills writes:

AT&T, BT and Teleglobe had a bronze plaque made to commemorate the the 50th anniversary of the landing of TAT-1. Before we sent it off, we had a team photo taken with the plaque in front of “Golden Boy” at AT&T’s Global Network Operations Center in Bedminster, New Jersey.

Thanks to Jerry Hayes for the photograph and the note from Tom Wills.

After spending almost a hundred years in Manhattan and New Jersey, in 2009 the “Golden Boy” statue (more formally, “Spirit of Communication”) was moved to AT&T’s new headquarters in Dallas, following the company’s takeover by SBC.

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Last revised: 16 December, 2013

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