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History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications
from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network

Cable Timeline: 2001-
by Bill Glover

Click on the Route links to see cable samples, the Company or Operator links for full descriptions, the ship name links to see descriptions or images.
Atlantic cables and their connecting systems are highlighted in green.
Please note that Timeline entries within each year are not necessarily chronological, as the exact date of laying is generally not known.
WFS = Withdrawn From Service

The table can be sorted by clicking on a column header. Clicking on the header a second time will reverse the sort sequence.
Clicking the "Top" button will return to the top of the page and reset the sort to the default.

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Year Route Manufacturer Company or Operator Cable Ships Notes Bandwidth
2001? CNSFTC: Aberdeen, Scotland to OSP Forties - Everset - Ula ? CNSFTC (BP) ? OSP = Offshore Platform (Gas or Oil rig)  
2001 GTT Atlantic (formerly HIBERNIA ATLANTIC), (Formerly 360 Atlantic) Northern: Ainsdale Sands, England - Portrush, Ireland - Herring Cove, Halifax, Nova Scotia: Southern: Ainsdale Sands, England - Baldoyle, Ireland - Herring Cove, Canada - Lynn, Boston, USA Tyco SSI Hibernia Atlantic purchased the system in 2003 - Worldwide Fibre Inc. Hibernia was taken over by GTT Communications Inc., on 9 January 2017. Vercors - Iberus - Nordic King - Teneo - Dock Express 20 - Global Mariner - Atlantida System 12,200 km. Commissioned in 2000 and in service April 2001. Vercors laid segment D3 3293 km 10.16 Tb/s. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength in 2011 by Huawei Marine Networks.
2001
MED NAUTILUS 1: Catania, Sicily - Chania, Crete - Athens,  Greece - Istanbul, Turkey - Pentaskhinos, Cyprus - Haifa, Israel
ASN 7000 km. including two entries below ? ? System 5648 km. 6 fibre pairs. System also includes 81 km of landline. Including two entries below. The link to Istanbul was via a branching unit. 3.84 Tb/s. Upgraded by Infinera in 2011, 2012, 2013, to 10 Gb/s, 40 Gb/s, 100 Gb/s x 64 wavelengths per fibre pair respectively.
2001 MED NAUTILUS 2: Catania, Sicily - Haifa, Israel See above     See above See above
2001 MED NAUTILUS 3: Catania, Sicily - Tel Aviv, Israel See above     See above See above
2001 AJC: Oxford Falls & Sydney, Australia - Tanguisson & Tumon, Guam - Shima & Maruyama, Japan Ocean Cable Co supplied all the cable - Tyco Telecommunications Australia-Japan Ltd - Global Network Services Ltd - NTT Communications - SOFTBANK Telecom Corp - Telstra - Verizon Fresnel - Subaru System 12224 km. Fresnel laid 3500 km. Subaru laid 924 km. System Installer France Telecom and KDD 320 Gb/s initially. Maximum 2.56 Tb/s. Upgraded by Ciena in 2012
2001 TGN Atlantic: (Formerly VSNL Transatlantic, formerly TYCO Transatlantic). Avon, USA - Brean, England: Manasquan, USA - Saunton Sands, England Tyco SSI Tata Communications ? System 12935 km. Landings in UK and USA are linked. Renamed following the takeover of Tyco cables by VSNL. Again renamed after VSNL was merged with Tata Communications 2.56 Tb/s. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength in 2013 by Ciena
2001 TAT-14: Tuckerton - Manasquan, USA - Blaabjerg, Denmark - Norden, Germany - Katwijk, Holland - St Valery en Caux, France - Pentewen - Widemouth Bay, England - Tuckerton, USA Ocean Cable Co (part) AT&T - BT - DTAG - KPN - France Telecom Cable Innovator - Cable Endeavour - Bold Endurance - Wave Sentinel - Subaru - Maersk Recorder - Maersk Forwarder - Sir Eric Sharp - Agile - Teliri - Fresnel - Vercors System 15428 km. Route survey carried out by Fugro. Fresnel laid segments K3 and L 2855 km, of which 324 km was buried. Vercors laid segment G2 3355 km. Subaru laid 5414 km. 1.87 Tb/s. Four fiber pairs.
As of 2015, after two upgrades, TAT-14 is listed as having a total design capacity of 9.38Tb/s and a total system (lit) capacity of 3.15Tb/s.
2001 FA 1: NORTH: Northport, USA - Sennen Cove, England. Porthcurno, England - Plerin, France. SOUTH: Plerin, France - Island Park, USA ASN 12570 km Reliance Globalcom Fresnel System 14500 km. 6 fibre pairs. Includes land based networks. Fresnel laid LAY 1, 550 km of which 20 km was buried. A buried land cable runs from Sennen Cove via Skewjack Cable Station to Porthcurno. Reliance Infocomm bought the whole FLAG network for $211 million in 2004 4.6875 Tb/s. Upgraded to 10 Gb/s per wavelength by Infinera in 2010 and 2011
2001 Global West Network USA ? Global Photon ? System 1350 km.  
2001 ARCOS 1- Phase 1, 2001, Phase 2, 2002:- Hollywood, Florida, - Nassau - Cat Island - Crooked Island, Bahamas - Providenciales, Turks & Caicos Islands - Puerto Plata - Punta Cana, Dominican R - San Juan, Puerto Rico - Willemstad, Curacao - Punto Fijo, Venezuela - Cartagena, Rio Hachha, Colombia - Maria Chiqita, Ustopo, Panama - Puerto Lemon, Costa Rica - Puerto Cabezas, Bluefields, Nicaragua - Puerto Lempira, Trujillo, Peuto Cortez, Honduras - Puerto Barrios, Guatemala - Ladyville, Belize - Tulum, Cancun, Mexico - North Miami Beach, Florida, USA. Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke - Tyco Submarine Systems Ltd (TSSL) Alestra - AT&T - Axtel, Mexico - BTC, Bahamas - BTL, Belize - CANTV, Venezuela - Codetel - Tricom, Domican Republic - Colombus Networks - Enitel, Nicaragua - Hondutel, Honduras - ICE, Costa Rica - Impsat, USA - Internexa - Orbinet SA, Colombia - Racsa, Costa Rica - Telecarrier, Panama - Ultracom, Puerto Rico - UTS, Curacao - Verizon ? System 8201 km including Phase 2 (2002). Route survey carried out by Fugro. 15 Gb/s SDH with WDM on two repeatered segments. Maximum 960 Gb/s. Upgraded by Xtera to 80 Gb/s and maximum 1 Tb/s +
2001 NACS, North Asia Cable System: China - Japan ASN - Fujitsu Level 3 ? System 3650 km 2.52 Tb/s. 10 Gb/s x 42 wl x 6 fibre pairs
2001 Cook Strait, New Zealand: Levin, North Island - Nelson, South Island ? TNZ ? System 200 km.  
2001 AQUALINK: Auckland, North Island - Christchurch, South Island Ericsson. North Island cables carried by Sea Ranger. South Island cables carried by freighter to Wellington Telstra - Saturn Sea Ranger:- Highland Fortress was purchased from Gulf Offshore and converted for cable laying on Teesside, UK and renamed Sea Ranger System 734 km submarine cable plus 224 km landlines. Route as follows:- Auckland (Onehunga) - Raglan - New Plymouth 120 + 166 km submarine cable: New Plymouth - Wanganui - 200 km landline: Wanganui -Waikanae 109 km submarine cable: Paraparaumu - Titahi Bay 30 km submarine cable: Wellington (Lyall Bay) - Kaikoura 169 km submarine cable: Kaikoura - Oara 24 km landline: Oara - Christchurch (Waimairi) 140 km submarine cable  
2001 EAST ASIA CROSSING: Hong Kong - Pa Li, Taiwan - Shindu Ri, Korea - Ajigaura - Shima, Japan - Pa Li, Taiwan - Hong Kong KDD-SCS main contractor - Ocean Cable Co supplied all the cable Pacnet Bold Endurance - Cable Innovator - Cable Installer - Iris (3) - Vercors System 19500 km. Iris (3) - Cable Installer carried out route clearance work. Route survey carried out by C&C Technologies. Vercors laid segments D, E, F, and BU2 863 km. Maximum 30.72 Tb/s
2001 C2C Chikura - Shima, Japan - Pusan, Korea - Nanhui, China - Tanshui - Fangshan, Taiwan - Hong Kong - Changi, Singapore - Philippines - Chikura, Japan: Hong Kong - Philippines Ocean Cable Co (Segments 4-5). TYCO Pacnet Fresnel - Maersk Recorder (1674 km) System 17000 km. Fresnel laid 1600 km of which 1300 km was buried. East Asia Crossing (EAC) and C2C were acquired by Pacnet and combined into one system EAC-C2C in 2007. Maximum 30.72 Tb/s
2001 FLAG North Asia Loop:-  Tong Fuk, Hong Kong - Pusan, Korea - Wada, Japan ? Global Cloud Exchange ? System 10,000 km including entry below. Global Cloud Exchange formerly Reliance Globalcom owns 3 fibre pairs titled FLAG North Asia Loop. The three remaining fibre pairs known as REACH North Asia Loop are owned as follows 1 pair by Telstra, 1 pair by PCCW and the remaining pair is jointly owned by PCCW and Telstra 320 Gb/s upgradeable to 3.8 Tb/s. Upgraded to 40 Gb/s per wavelength by Ciena in 2011.
2001 REACH North Asia Loop:- Tong Fuk,  Hong Kong - Toucheng, Taiwan - Wada, Japan ? PCCW - Telstra ? See above 320 Gb/s upgradeable to 3.8 Tb/s. Upgraded to 40 Gb/s per wavelength by Ciena in 2011.
2001 SAM-1: Puerto Barrios, Guatemala - Boca Raton, Florida, USA - Isla Verde, Puerto Rico - Barranquilla, Colombia - Fortaleza - Salvador - Rio de Janeiro - Santos, Brazil - Las Toninas, Argentina: Valparaiso - Arica, Chile - Lurin - Mancora, Peru - Salinas, Ecuador - Puerto San Jose, Guatemala Tyco Telecommunications Telefonica ? Festoon system with a total length of 19,964 km. Route survey carried out by C&C Technologies 160 Gb/s initially. Maximum capacity 1.92 Tb/s. Colombia extension; Initial 40 Gb/s., Maximum 960 Gb/s. Ecuador extension; Initial 10 Gb/s., Maximum 480 Gb/s. Upgraded by Infinera in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 10 Gb/s then 40 Gb/s then 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2001 Bahamas Internet Cable System (BICS): Boca Raton, USA - Hawksbill - Riding Point - Crown Haven - Sandy Point - Current - Caves Point - Hawksbill, Bahamas - Spanish River Park, Florida, USA ? Caribbean Crossing ? System 1100 km Initial capacity 10 Gb/s Maximum 12 Tb/s
2001 BS-FOCS (Black Sea Fibre Optic Cable System): Varna, Bulgaria - Odessa, Ukraine - Novorossijsk Russia ASN 1300 km - Tyco SSI BTC, Bulgaria - CyTA, Cyprus - UKRETELECOM, Ukraine - Westelcom, Russia - OTE, Greece - Armentel, Armenia. Later joined by Deutsch Telekom - AT&T, USA - KDD, Japan - CT, Croatia Maersk Fighter System 1300 km. 2 fibre pairs  
2001 BALALINK: Palma de Mallorca - Valencia, Spain   IslaLink   System 274 km  
2001 KATTEGAT 2:- Lyngas - Vestero - Osterby, Denmark - Skalvik, Sweden ? TDC ? System 75 km.  
2001 FNAL/RNAL: Flag North Asian Loop/Reach North Asian Loop: Eastern Leg:- Tong Fuk, Hong Kong - Pusan, Korea - Wada, Japan ? PCCW Global owns the RNAL cable (formerly Reach and Level 3 Communications) - Reliance Globalcom (formerly Flag Telecom) owns FNAL cable ? System 2 x 5000 km. 6 fibre pairs per cable each company operating 3 fibre pairs per cable. Includes entry below. Eastern Leg RFS July 2001, Western Leg May 2002. 320 Gb/s upgradeable to 3.8 Tb/s. FNAL upgraded to 40 Gb/s per wavelength and RNAL upgraded to 100 Gb/s by Ciena in 2011
2001 FNAL/RNAL: Flag North Asian Loop/Reach North Asian Loop: Western Leg:- Tong Fuk, Hong Kong - Toucheng, Taiwan - Wada, Japan ? See above ? See above See above
2001 GlobalConnect 2 (GC2):- Kungsbacka, Sweden - Saeby, Denmark ? GlobalConnect ? System 95 km.  
2002 APCN 2: Kitaibaraki - Chikura, Japan - Tanshui, Taiwan - Shantou, China - Batangas, Philippines - Katong, Singapore - Kuantan, Malaysia - Lantau, Hong Kong - Chongming, China - Kitaibaraki, Japan Ocean Cable Co China Telecom - Chungwa Telecom - CTM - France Telecom - KDDI - Korean Telecom - NTT Communications - PLDT - Reach NHK - Singtel - Telekom Malaysia Cable Retriever - Bold Endurance - Fu Lai - Asean Restorer - Maersk Recorder - Maersk Repeater - Maersk Responder - Maersk Reliance - Subaru - Kuroshio Maru - Cable Installer. Barges, Networker - Elbe - Chin Ann 3 System 19000 km. C&C Technologies carried out the route survey. Maersk Recorder laid 1250 km. Subaru 3759 km. Kuroshio Maru 1250 km. 160 Gb/s initially. To be upgraded by NEC in 2014 to 100 Gb/s per wavelength.
2002 Ar, Gotland - Ut, Sweden ? AB Stokab ? System 135 km.  
2002 TGN Northern Europe: (Formerly VSNL Northern Europe, formerly Tyco NE): Hunmanby, England - Eemshaven, Holland Tyco SSI Tata Communications ? 578 km. 3.84 Tb/s (Maximum capacity)
2002 TGN Western Europe: (Formerly VSNL Western Europe, formerly Tyco WE): Brean, England - Seixal, Portugal: Saunton Sands, England - Sopelana, Spain Tyco SSI Tata Communications ? System 2265 + 1434 km. 3.84 Tb/s (Maximum capacity)
2002 SAT 3/WASC: Melkbosstrand, South Africa - Luanda, Angola - Libreville, Gabon - Douala, Cameroon - Lagos, Nigeria - Cotonou, Benin - Accra, Ghana - Abidjan, Ivory Coast - Dakar, Senegal - Alta Vista, Gran Canaria - Chipiona, Spain - Sesimbra, Portugal ASN Calais 14000 km. Telkom SA - Telefonica - Angola Telekom - Ghana Telecom - Nitel - Gabon PT - Benin PT - Marconi - Sonatel - Camtel - CIT ? System 14350 km Phase 1: 20 Gb/s. Phase 2: 40 Gb/s. Maximum 120 Gb/s
2002 ALPAL 2: El Djemila, Algeria - Ses Covetes, Majorca Pirelli Telefonica - France Telecom - APT Maersk Responder System 320 km. Installation carried out by Global Marine Systems Ltd. 4 x 2.5 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 80 Gb/s
2002 SAFE Cape Town - Durban, South Africa - St Paul, Reunion - Baie Jacotet, Mauritius - Cochin, India - Penang, Malaysia Tycom SCS main contractor France Telecom - Mauritius Telecom - MCI International - Telecom Malaysia - Tata Communications - Telekom Communications International Vercors System 13500 km. Vercors laid segments S8B, S9B, S10B, 3166 km Phase 1: 20 Gb/s. Phase 2: 40 Gb/s. Maximum 440 Gb/s
2002 i2i Tuas, Singapore - Chennai, India ? Bharti Airtel ? System 3200 km. 8 fibre pairs 8 fibre pairs x 105 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2002 TGN Pacific: (Formerly VSNL Transpacific): Emi, Japan - Nedonna Beach, Oregon: Toyohashi, Japan - Piti, Guam: Hermosa Beach, California, - Twin Rocks, Oregon: Toyohashi, Japan - Twin Rocks, Oregon Tyco SSI Tata Communications ? System 8338 + 2741 + 2064 + 8652 km. Renamed following takeover of Tyco cables by VSNL. Renamed following the merger of VSNL with Tata 5.12 Tb/s
2002 Kami Hachiman - Okinoshima, Japan ? NTT ?    
2002 KJCN, Korea Japan Cable Network: (1) Pusan, Korea - Kitakyushu, Japan: (2) Pusan - Fukoka, Japan ASN - Fujitsu Softbank Telecom - NTT Communications - KT Corporation - KEPCO Maersk Recorder System 500 km. unrepeatered 2.88 Tb/s. 10 Gb/s x 24 wl x 12 fibre pairs
2002 Subcan Link 1 & 2:- Piedra Santa, Gran Canaria - Las Caletillas, Pico del Teide, Canary Islands ? Cable Submarine de Canarias ? System 143 km., 136 km. 2 cables laid over this route  
2003 Crozet Islands CEA UNO René Descartes System of hydrophones with satellite link for use by UNO  
2003 APOLLO: Widemouth Bay, Bude, England - Brookhaven, USA: Lannion, France - Manasquan, USA ASN C&W - Alcatel - Apollo SCS Ltd Ile de Batz - Ile de Brehat - Ile de Sein - Skandi Neptune System North route 6200 km., 160 repeaters, 35 equalisers. South route 6530 km., 175 repeaters, 35 equalisers. Skandi Neptune laid the European shelf section on the North route 847 km. Ile de Brehat 4400 km main lay on the North route. Ile de Sein European section on the South route 1912 km. The remainder was laid by Ile de Batz 4 fibre pairs. Initial capacity 10Gb/s per wavelength. Upgraded to 40Gb/s per wavelength by Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks in 2012. Upgraded in May 2014 to 100Gb/s by Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks. Maximum capacity 25Tb/s.
2003 Bass Strait 2: Inverloch, Victoria, Australia - Stanley, Tasmania ASN Calais Telstra Ile de Batz System 240 km. 2.5 Gb/s
2003 CAM Ring (Includes entry below): Ponta Delgada, Azores - Funchal, Madeira ASN Calais PTC Ile de Sein System 1135 km. 16 x 10 Gb/s SDH
2003 Funchal - Porto Santo, Madeira ASN Calais PTC Ile de Sein System 85 km unrepeatered.  
2003 Meike - Sawada, Japan ? NTT Subaru    
2003 SAS 1: Port Sudan, Sudan - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia   STC Saudi Arabia   System 333 km. 4 fibre pairs 1.28 Tb/s
? SILK ROUTE Phase 1: Athens, Greece - Padova, Italy: Athens - Crete Pirelli ? ? System 1900 km.  
? INDOSAT: East Java - Jakarta - Bandung - Sumatra Pirelli ? ? System 1376 km including landlines.  
? Sumatra - Batum Pirelli     System 345 km.  
2004 Breivika, Norway - Hotellneset, Svalbard. 2 cables Segment 1 and 2 Tyco

Owner: Norwegian Space Centre

Operator: Telenor

Cable Innovator - Maersk Recorder System:- Each cable consists of 8 fibre pairs, Only one pair is required at present and only Segment 1 cable is used Segment 2 acting as back up. Segment l:-1375 km with 172 km buried, 20 repeaters. Cable Innovator commenced laying from Breivika on 26 July 2003 and Maersk Recorder from Hotellneset on 21 July 2003. The final splice took place midway between the terminals on 1 August 2003. Segment 2:- 1339 km with 173 km buried, 20 repeaters. Cable Innovator commenced laying from Breivika on 4 August 2003 and Maersk Recorder from Hotellneset on 1 August 2003- The final splice took place midway between the terminals on 13 August 2003. The cable (Segment 1) came into service in January 2004  
2004 Breivika, Harstad, Norway. 2 cables Segment 1A and 2A both repeaterless Tyco Owner: Norwegian Space Centre Operator: Telenor Cable Innovator - Maersk Recorder System Segment 1 A 61 km. Segment 2A 74 km. Both cables are a combination of land and submarine cable, The cable (Segment 1 A) was brought into service in January 2004  
2004 UAE - Iran Pirelli     System 350 km, plus 50 km of landline  
2004 TGN TIC: Tuas, Singapore - Chennai, India Tyco Tata Communications Tyco Durable System 3200 km. Originally a link between Mumbai and Chennai was planned but was not carried out  
2004 Doha - Halul, Qatar - Das Island - Abu Dhabi, UAE     Etilsat System 200 km. 2 x 10 Gb/s
2004 TELAPA: La Gaviota, Las Palmas - El Socorro, Tenerife ?   ? System 130 km. 2 x 10 Gb/s
2004 EASTLINK: Graham Pond, Prince Edward Island - Port Hood, Cape Breton Island, Canada     Ile de Batz System 54 km., the whole cable being buried. Installation was carried out by IT International Telecom  
2004 COGIM: Cable Optique; La Gaspsie - Iles de la Madeleine, Canada Nexans, Norway   Ile de Batz System 2 cables, 220 and 216 km. Both cables were buried. Installation was carried out by IT International Telecom  
2004 Okinawa Hontou - Myakojima - Ishigakijima, Japan ? NTT ?    
2004 Ventspils, Latvia - Farosund, Stavsnas, Gotland, Sweden Tyco Telecommunications Baltcom Fiber SIA - AB Stokab ? System 175 km. 2.5 Gb/s
2004 SMPR-1: St. Maarten - Isla Verde, Puerto Rico ? SMITCOMS ? System 375 km Initial capacity 2.5 G/bs. Maximum capacity 20 G/bs
2004 ALASKA UNITED WEST: Warrenton, USA - Ketchikan - Whittier, Alaska Tyco Telecommunications - Ocean Cable Co. supplied all the cable GCI Global Sentinel System 2500 km Initial 10 Gb/s. Maximum 640 Gb/s
2004 GWEN: Bari, Italy - Corfu, Greece. (2 cables over this route) ? OTE ? System 647 km  
2004 SMPR-1: San Juan, Puerto Rico - St Martin, Netherlands Antilles ? Smitcoms   System 375 km 2.5 Gb/s
2004 VMSCS: St George's Bay, Malta - Catania, Sicily   Vodafone Malta   System 250 km 6 x 10 Gb/s
2004 FARICE: Funningsfjordur, Faroe Islands - Seydisfjordur, Iceland - Dunnet Bay, Scotland Pirelli Farice Ltd - Iceland Telecom Ltd Pertinacia System 1400 km. Route survey carried out by Fugro. 2 x 10 Gb/s. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength by Ciena in 2013
2004 INGRID:- Havelet Bay, Guernsey - Greve de Leq - Archirondel, Jersey - Surville, France ? ? ? System 64 km.  
2005 8 Mile Rock, Grand Bahama - Alice Town, Bimini Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke   Cable Innovator    
2005 Basslink: McGaurans Beach, Victoria - Four Mile Bluff, Tasmania Prysmian Cables & Systems supplied the cable. Siemens supplied the plant National Grid Australia Giulio Verne System 298 km 400 kV power cable. See BASSLINK 2009 for description of fibre optic cable within this cable  
2005 SEA ME WE 4 France - Singapore ASN - Fujitsu Singtel, Singapore - Telekom Malaysia Berhad - CAT Telecom, Thailand - Barti Infotel Ltd., India - VSNL, India - Bangladesh T&T - Sri Lanka Telecom Ltd - Pakistan Telecommunication Co. Ltd. - ETISALAT, UAE - Saudi Telecom Co. - Telecom Egypt - Tunisie Telecom - Algeria Telecom - Telecom Italia Sparkle S.p.A - Feance Telecom - MCI, UK Niwa - Descartes System 20000 km. Melaka, Salun, Cox's Bazar, Colombo, Karachi, Fujairah, Bizerte and Annaba were linked to the main cable by branching units. 1.28 Tb/s. Upgraded by Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks and Fujitsu in 2011 to 40 Gb/s per wavelength
2005 SEA ME WE 4: SEGMENT S1; Tuas, Singapore - Melaka, Malaysia - Satun, Thailand - Cox's Bazaar, Bangladesh - Chennai, India - Colombo, Sri Lanka - Mumbai, India Fujitsu 8,000 km and all repeaters See above Niwa (Formerly Global Link) CS Niwa laid the shore ends and carried out burial work at Mumbai 1.28 Tb/s. Maximum Capacity upgraded to 2.4 Tb/s
2005 SEA ME WE 4: SEGMENT S2; Mumbai, India - Karachi, Pakistan - Fujairah, UAE - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Suez, Egypt ASN 5500 km and all repeaters See above Niwa System 5500 km. Inaugrated 13 December 2005 See above
2005 SEA ME WE 4: SEGMENT S3: Landines Suez - Alexandria, Egypt ASN See above     See above
2005 SEA ME WE 4: SEGMENT 4; Alexandria, Egypt - Palermo, Italy - Bizerte, Tunisia - Annaba, Algeria - Marseille, France ASN 6500 km cable - Fujitsu all repeaters See above Rene Descartes System 6500 km See above
2005 Med Cable: Marseille, France - Annaba - Algiers - Oran, Algeria ? Orascom Telecom Holding ? System 1215 km 2 x 10 Gb/s
2005 DMCS: Dumai, Indonesia - Melaka, Malaysia NEC main contractors - Ocean Cable Co supplied the cable Telekom Malaysia - PT Telekom ? System 148 km repeaterless. Initial capacity 20 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 320 Gb/s
2005 JANNA:- Cable 1:- Mazara del Vallora, Sicily - Cagliari, Sardinia. Cable 2:- Olbia, Sardinia - Civitavecchia, Italy ? Regione Sardegne - Interoute - Wind Italy - Tiscali ? System 634 km.  
2006 BLCS: Bharat Lanka Cable System; Mount Lavinia, Sri Lanka - Tuticorin, India NEC (Prime contractor) Ocean Cable Co. supplied the cable Sri Lanka Telekom - BSNL India ? System 338 km 10 G/bs
2006 HUGO: Porthcurno, England - Pembroke, Guernsey: Saints Bay, Guernsey - Lannion, France ASN C&W Tyco Reliance Porthcurno - Guernsey section laid 3 - 24 July 2006 and Guernsey - France 27 July - 8 August 2006. AHTS Granit carried out route clearance. Cable buried throughout. Cable is a recovered section of the GEMINI South cable laid in 1997. 60 + 55 Gb/s SDH. .
2006 HUGO East: Jersey - Guernsey - France ? C&W ? Utilises fibre optic cable within a power cable laid previously.  
2006 VENUS: Victoria Experimental Network Under the Sea   University of Victoria, Canada Wave Venture System 4 km. Scheme to put the ocean floor on line at www.venus.uvic.ca  
2006 FIBRALINK: Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic -  Kaliko, Haiti - Bull Bay, Kingston, Jamaica: Kingston - Ocho Rios - Montego Bay, Jamaica ASN Colombus Networks IT Intrepid System 2438 km. 2 fibre pairs. 320 Gb/s
2006 APNG 2: Sydney, Australia - Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea ASN Telikom PNG - Telstra Ile de Re System 1800 km. This was part of the PACRIM WEST cable which was withdrawn from service in 2005. Ile de Re first recovered 300 km of cable which was tested and found to be in servicable condition. So the main recovery was undertaken. This started just to the south of Guam to a point off Rockampton, Queensland where the cable was cut. The Sydney end of the cable was then spliced to the recovered cable and Ile de Re headed for Ela Beach, Port Moresby. 1.12 Tb/s
2006 Tuticorin, India - Mt Lavinia, Sri Lanka NEC (Prime Contractor) Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd, India - Sri Lanka Telecom Subaru System 323 km. Initial capacity 40Gbps. Maximum capacity 960Gbps.  
2006 Estlink: Helsinki, Finland - Talin, Estonia ? ABB - Eesti Energia - Latvenergo - Lietuvos Energia - Pohjolan Voima - Helsinki Energia Sovereign System: 2 high voltage cables each 77 k,m laid in parallel  
2006 ANTILLES CROSSING: Hans Bluff, Br Virgin Islands - Port Castries, St Lucia - Bridgetown, Barbados Tyco Telecommunications Antilles Crossing - Barbados Light & Power - Leucadia, Telebarbados   System 972 km Initial capacity 40 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 80 Gb/s
2006 Colombo, Sri Lanka - Hulhumalé, India ? Dhiraagu (Dhivehi Raajjeyge Gulhun Private Ltd.) - Sri Lanka Telecom   System 237 km  
2006
JASUKA:- CABLE 1: Bandar Bukit Tinggi, Malaysia - Dumai - Pekanbaru - Padang - Sibolga - Medan - Teping Tinggi - Bandar Bukit Tinggi, Indonesia. CABLE 2: Dumai - Batam - Pontianak - Tanjung Pandan - Tanjung Pakis - Jakarta - Bandar Lampung - Baturaja - Palembang - Jambi - Pekanbaru, Indonesia. CABLE 3: Tangjun Pandan to a branching unit on CABLE 2 between Palembang and Jambi.
NEC main contractors - Ocean Cable Co supplied the cable PT Telekom   System 10860 km Initial 20 Gb/s. Maximum 320 Gb/s. To be upgraded by Nokia Siemens Networks to 40 Gb/s per wavelength
2006 RJCN: Nakhodka, Russia - Naoetsu, Japan   Rostelcom   System 1800 km consisting of two cables 640 Gb/s
2006 TIS: Songkhla, Thailand - Batam, Indonesia Tyco Telecommunications - Ocean Cable Co. supplied all the cable CAT Telecom - PT Telekom, Singtel   System 1100 km 30 Gb/s
2006 Chennai, India - Khulna, Bangladesh ? ? ? System 1450 km  
2006 Kuwait City, Kuwait - Soroosh Platform - Kharg Island - Ganaveh, Iran   Telecommunications Infrastructure Company of Iran - Kuwait Ministry of Communications   System 380 km. 6 fibre pairs 2.5 Gb/s
2006 Bahamas  Domestic Submarine Network (BDSNi): Hawksbill, Grand Bahama - Sandy Point, Great Abaco Island - Governors Harbour, Eleuthera - Cat Island - Cockburn Town, San Salvador Island - Crooked Island - Mayaguana Island - Matthew Town, Inagua, Bahamas - Port-au- Prince, Haiti: Hawksbill - Nassau - Fresh Creek, Andros Island: Nassau - Governors Harbour - Georgetown, Exuma - Port Nelson, Rum Cay - Clarence Town, Long Island - Cockburn Town, Bahamas: Port Nelson - Duncan Town, Ragged Island, Bahamas Tyco Telecommunications Bahamas Telecommunications Company (BTC) ? System 2817 km. Link to Haiti was severed in the earthquake of 2010. System was upgraded by Huawei Marine Optix in 2014.
2006 FALCON: Suez, Egypt - Aqaba, Jordan - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Port Sudan, Sudan - Al Hudaydah, Al Ghaydah, Yemen - Al Seeb,Khasab, Oman  - Dubai - Sumaisma, Qatar - Manama, Bahrain - Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia - Kuwait City, Kuwait - Bandar Abbas, Chabahar, Iran - Mumbai, India Alcatel Reliance Globalcom ? System 12000 km. 6 fibre pairs. Oman - India section opened for service December 2005. The remainder September 2006 2.56 Tb/s
2006
Southern Caribbean Fibre:- CABLE 1 SCF:- San Juan, Peurto Rico - St. Croix, US Virgin Islands - Rodney Bay, St Lucia - Kingstown, St. Vincent - St. George's, Grenada - Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago: Connection to Needham's Point, Barbados via branching unit. CABLE 2 ANTILLES CROSSING:- From BU on SCF - St. Louis, St. Martin - Gustavia, St. Barthélemy - Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis - Baillif - Baie-Mauhault, Guadeloupe - Canefield, Dominica - Le Lemantin, Martinique - Rodney Bay, St. Lucia: Link via a branching unit from Baillif, Guadeloupe to St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
Alcatel Lucent SCF - Tyco ANTILLES CROSSING
Digicel ?
System SCF 2100 km., repeaterless, with 4 to 8 fibre pairs. ANTILLES CROSSING 900 km., repeatered, with 2 fibre pairs.
 
2006 TWA-1: Al Seeb, Oman - Karachi, Pakistan. Fujairah, UAE linked via a branching unit ? Trans-World Associates ? System 1241 km 1.28 Tb/s
2006 GlobalConnect 3 (GC3) Korsor - Nybor, Denmark ? GlobalConnect ? System 19 km.  
2006 GlobalConnect-KPN:- Gedser, Denmark - Rostock, Germany ? GlobalConnect ? System 43 km.  
2007 Sri Lanka - Male, Maldives NEC (Prime Contractor) Dhiraagu (Dhivehi Raajjeyge Gulhun Private Ltd.) - Sri Lanka Telecom ? System 1100 km., including connections to four other islands  
2007 Sovetskaya Gavan, Russia - Ilinskij, Sakhalin Island ? TransTeleCom Fu Hai (Formerly Maersk Repeater) Global Marine Systems and Sino British Submarine Systems carried out the installation  
2007 La Gomera - El Hierro, Canary Islands Tyco Telecommunications Telefonica de Espaa Teneo System 145 km.  
2007
EC LINK: Willemstad, Curacao - Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago
Alcatel - TE Subcom
Columbus Networks ?
System 1000 km.
Initial capacity 1.875 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 7.2 Tb/s. 12 fibre pairs x 60 wavelengths per fibre pair. Upgraded to 100 wavelengths per fibre pair in 2016 by TE Subcom
2007 ATLAS OFFSHORE: Asilah, Morocco - Marseilles, France Alcatel Lucent Sumarine Networks Maroc Telecom ? System 1634 km Initial capacity 40 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 320 Gb/s
2007 BRCS: Sungai Rengit - Batam, Indonesia ? Excelcom ? System 63 km 10 Gb/s
2007 WARF: Cochin, India - Hulhumalé, India ASN WARF Telecom International   System 1100 km. Route survey carried out by Fugro  
2007 NEPTUNE; New Jersey - Long Island Prysmian (Italy) Powerbridge Giulio Verne System 51 miles plus 14 miles of land cable. 660MW power cable  
2007 North Salina, Bonaire - Willemstad, Curacao ? C&W ? ?  
2007 GEMINI BERMUDA:- Manasquan, USA - Devonshire, Bermuda Standard Telephones & Cables Ltd., Southampton. C&W ? Part of the GEMINI South cable was recovered and laid over this route 60 + 55 Gb/s SDH. .
2007 JERRY NEWTON:- North Salina, Bonaire - Willemstad, Curacao ? C&W Networks ? ?  
2007 GEMINI BERMUDA:- Manasquan, USA - St. Davids, Devonshire, Bermuda Standard Telephones & Cables Ltd., Southampton. C&W ? System 1287 km. Part of the GEMINI South cable was recovered and laid over this route 60 + 55 Gb/s SDH. .
2007 KKFL: Kodiak Kenai Fibre Link:- Anchorage - Seward - Narrow Cape - Kodiak - Homer - Kenai Anchorage, Alaska ASN Kenai Kodiak Cable Company Maersk Defender System 971 km. 4 fibre pairs. Repeaterless cable. Laying commenced July 2006 and was completed by December Initial 2.5 Gb/s. Maximum 10 Gb/s. Upgraded by Infinera in 2010 to 10 Gb/s per wavelength
2008 HSCS: Hokkaido-Sakahalin Cable System: Hokkaido, Japan - Nevelsk, Sakahalin Island, Russia NEC prime contractors - Ocean Cable Co manufactured the cable NTT Com - TransTeleCom Subaru System 1800 km. Work carried out from July 8 to November 26 2007. Brought into service 3 July 2008 640 Gb/s
2008 Colombia-Florida Subsea Fibre, CFX-1: Boca Raton, USA - Morant Point, Jamaica - Cartagena, Colombia Tyco Telecommunications C&W Networks ? Sytem 2423 km Initial 110 Gb/s. Maximum 2 Tb/s +
2008 MATRIX CABLE SYSTEM:- Batam, Indonesia - Changi, Singapore - Jakarta, Indonesia Tyco Telecommunications Matrix Networks Pte. Ltd. Wave Mercury - Cable Networker (barge) System 1350 km. Route survey completed August 2007. Extension to Perth, Australia to be installed at a later date. 4 fibre pairs each carrying 64 x 10 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 2.6 Tb/s DWDM.
2008 GONDWANA 1: Nouméa, New Caledonia - Sydney, Australia Alcatel OPT, New Caledonia Ile de Ré Work is scheduled to be completed by Spring 2008 Initial 2 x 10 Gb/s. Upgraded to 4 x 10 Gb/s. Maximum 128 x 10 Gb/s
2008 GONDWANA 1: Poindimié, New Caledonia - Mouli Island - Lifou, Loyalty Islands Alcatel OPT, New Caledonia Ile de Ré Repeaterless cable. Work is scheduled to be completed by Spring 2008 Initial 2 x 10 Gb/s. Upgraded to 4 x 10 Gb/s. Maximum 128 x 10 Gb/s
2008 TPE (Trans Pacific Express) Nedonna Beach, USA - Chongming & Qingdao, China -Tanshui, Taiwan - Keoje, South Korea - Shin Maruyama, Japan Tyco Telecommunications - Alcatel - NEC Submarine Systems - Ocean Cable Co. manufactured 17000 km of cable Verizon Business - China Telecom - China Netcom - China Unicom - Korean Telecom - Chungwa Telecom Tyco Durable - Ile de Sein - Ile de Batz - Fu Hai - Segero - Cable Innovator System 18000 km. Initial capacity 2.56 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 5.12 Tb/s. Upgraded in 2013 by TE Subcom to 10 Gb/s per wavelength
2008 ENDEAVOUR: Sydney, Australia - Keawaulu, Hawaii Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Systems Telstra Ile de Sein System 9000 km. Due for completion end 2008 1.28 Tb/s
2008 SHEFA 2: Banff, Scotland - Ayre of Cara, Orkney Islands - Sandwick, Shetland Islands: Maywick, Shetland Islands - Tórshavn, Faroe Islands NSW Xtera IT Intrepid System 1000 km. Route survey carried out by Fugro Initial 2 x 10 Gb/s Maximum 57 x 10 Gb/s
2008 LIBERTY: L'Ancresse Bay, Guernsey - Blackpool Sands (Stoke Fleming), Devon, England
Also known as Channel Islands-9
ASN Calais JT Global Sovereign Laying took place 24 April - 30 April 2008.  
2008 NORTHERN LIGHTS: Dunnet Bay, Scotland - Skaill, Orkney Islands ASN, Calais BT Sovereign Laying expected to be carried out June - July 2008. Laying interrupted due to Sovereign having to return to port (Hebburn on Tyne) for engine repairs. Left port on 19 July following completion of repairs.  
2008 MARS: Monterey Accelerated Research System     Global Sentinel Consists of 52 km of power and fibre optic cable laid in Monterey Bay terminating in a 5 ton node containing earthquake sensors and low light cameras etc. Went live 10 November 2008  
2008 MINERVA: (a) Yeroskipos, Cyprus linked via branching unit to Mazara, Sicily - Tel Aviv, Israel cable. (b) Penthaskhinos, Cyprus linked via branching unit to Catania, Sicily - Haifa, Israel cable Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Systems MedNautilus - Cyta   System 500 km. Contract signed February 2007 10 Gb/s
2008 BP-GOM: Ingleside - Pascagoula, USA Tyco Telecommunications BP American Production Company Tyco Resolute Sysytem 1190 km. Route survey carried out by C&C Technologies 10 Gb/s
2008 CAUCASUS CABLE SYSTEM: Varna, Bulgaria - Poti, Georgia Tyco Telecommunications Caucasus Networks Ltd ? System 1187 km Upgraded to 1.2 Tb/s in 2011
2008 SEAK: South East Alaska Fibre Optic System: Will connect Angoon , Hawk Inlet, Juneau, Ketchikan, Petersburg, Sitka and Wrangell to the existing Alaska United West System ? GCI Communications Corporation ? System 754 km  
2008 MIC-1: Batam, Indonesia - Changi, Singapore       System 70 km. Installed by Global Marine Systems Ltd  
2008 Challenger Bermuda-1 (CB-1): Paget, Bermuda - Charlestown, Rhode Island, USA Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Cable Co Ltd. - North Rock Communications Ltd ? System 1445 kms. RFS December 2008. Laying completed September 2008. Initial capacity 20 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 320 Gb/s
2008 Persona:- Rose Blanche, Newfoundland - New Victoria, Nova Scotia ? EastLink ? System 800 km. 2 cables laid over the same route.  
2009 DANICE: Blaabjerg, Denmark - Landeyjarsandur, Iceland Tyco Telecommunications Farice Inc. ? System 2304 km. 4 fibre pairs. RFS August 2009 Initial 100 Gb/s. Maximum 5.1 Tb/s. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength by Ciena in 2013
2009 JAKABARE: Jakarta, Java - Ponitianak, Kalimantan - Batam Island, Indonesia - Tuas, Singapore NEC (Main Contractors) - Ocean Cable Co manufactured the cable Indosat Cable Innovator System 1400 km Initial 160 Gb/s. Maximum 1.28 Tb/s
2009 GO 2: St Pauls Bay, Malta - Mazara del Vallo, Sicily Alcatel-Lucent - Elettra GO - Interoute Teliri System 290 km. Alcatel-Lucent will manufacture the cable and Elettra will carry out laying and route survey. Malta shore end laid 26 November. Main lay was to start 2 December but was delayed because of gales. Laying to take two weeks and the cable is due to enter service early 2009. 2 x 10Gb/s
2009 PPC 1: Sydney, Australia - Piti, Guam: Branching unit to Madang, Papua New Guinea Tyco Telecommunications PIPE NETWORKS - Tata Communications Tyco Durable - Tyco Decisive System 7185 km. Tyco Durable working North and Tyco Decisive working South. Cable crosses the Marianas Trench (maximum depth 12000 m) Cable maximum depth 9440 m. Opened for service 8 October 2009 Australia - Guam cable 1.92 Tb/s. 10 Gb/s x 96 wl x 2 fibre pairs. Madang cable 10 Gb/s. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength by Infinera in 2012.
2009 NEPTUNE: North-East Pacific Time-Series Networked Experiments: Port Alberni - Bamfield - Folger Passage (Node) - ODP 889 (Node) - Middle Valley (Node) - Endeavour (Node) - ODP 1027 (Node) - Barkley Canyon (Node) - Bamfield - Port Alberni Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Systems University of Victoria, Canada M/V Frosti carried out the route survey - Ile de Sein laid the cable - Global Sentinel carried out the Post Lay Inspection Burial (PLIB) System 800 km of power and fibre optic cable in the main loop and two similar spurs to Middle Valley and Endeavour totalling 125 km. Cable laying commenced 23 Aug 2007 and was scheduled to be completed in seven weeks. Nodes to be laid in 2008 and the whole system to be online in 2009  
2009 TGN EURASIA: Mumbai, India - Djibouti - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Ras Sidr, Egypt: Alexandria, Egypt - Marseilles, France Tyco Telecommunications Tata Communications ? System 6000 km Initial 160 Gb/s. Maximum 1.28 Tb/s
2009 TGN INTRA-ASIA: Tuas, Singapore - Vung Tau, Vietnam - Deerp Water Bay, Hong Kong - Ballesteros, Philippines - Toyohashi, Japan - Piti, Guam Tyco Telecommunications Tata Communications   System 6485 km 3.84 Tb/s
2009 HANNIBAL: Kelibia, Tunisia - Mazara, Italy Huawei Marine (Prime Contractor) Tunisie Telecom Sovereign System 170 km. Initial capacity 10 Gb/s per fibre pair, increasing to 40 Gb/s per fibre pair. Maximum capacity 3.2 Tb/s
2009 SEACOM: Mumbai, India via BU - Mombasa, Kenya - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania - Toliary, Madagascar - Maputo, Mozambique - Mtunzini, South Africa: Djibouti - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Ras Sidr, Egypt - Marseille, France Tyco Telecommunications Neotel - SEACOM Tyco Durable - Tyco Decisive - Tyco Dependable - Tyco Resolute - Tyco Responder System 13000 km. Contract signed July 2007. Opened for service 23 July 2009. Direct links to London have been made available. 640 Gb/s. Upgraded by Ciena in 2013 to 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2009 AKORN: Anchorage, Alaska - Florence, USA Tyco Telecommunications ACS Cable Systems Inc ? System 3100 km. 10 Gb/s. 4 fibre pairs
2009 AAG: ASIA AMERICA GATEWAY: Mersing, Malaysia - Changi, Singapore - Sri Racha, Thailand - Tungku, Brunei - Vung Tau, Vietnam -Lantau, Hong Kong - La Union, Philippines - Tanguisson, Guam - Keawaula, Hawaii - San Luis Obispo, USA Alcatel - NEC - Ocean Cable Co manufactured 20000 km of cable Telekom Malaysia - StarHub, Singapore - CAT, Thailand - Brunei Govt. - Telstra, Australia - Bayan Tel, PLDT, ETPI, Philippines - PT Telekom, Indonesia - VNPT, Vietnam - Bharti Airtel, India - AT&T, USA - BT, UK Rene Descartes - Fu Hai. Fu Hai laid segments 1i, Hong Kong to branching unit BU4 (towards Singapore) and segment 2, Hong Kong to the Philippines, totalling 2700 km of cable. Laying commenced September 2008 and was completed in December 2008 System 20191 km. USA - Hawaii 4228 km. Hawaii - Hong Kong 10,728 km. Hong Kong - South East Asia 5235 km. Ready for service on 11 Nov 2009

Initial capacity 500 Gb/s. USA - Hawaii, 3 fibre pairs 2.88 Tb/s. Hawaii - Hong Kong, 2 fibre pairs 1.92 Tb/s. Hong Kong - South East Asia, 3 fibre pairs 2.88 Tb/s. Upgraded in 2011 by Mitsubishi to 5.12 Tb/s. To be upgraded by Alcatel-Lucent to 8 Tb/s+. Contract signed September 2013.

2009 LION 1: (Lower Indian Ocean Network): Toamasina, Madagascar - St Marie, Reunion - Terre Rouge, Mauritius   France Telecom - Mauritius Telecom - Orange Madagascar Chamarel System 1000 km. 2 fibre pairs. Opened for service 16 November 2009 1.28 Tb/s
2009 ADONES: Angola Coastal Network: Cabinda - Soyo (2 cables on this section) - N'zeto - Luanda - Porto Amboim - Benguela - Lucira - Namibe, Angola Ericsson Angola Telecom Teliri System 1800 km unrepeatered. Italian company 'Elettra' to lay and bury cable. Cable was due to be commissioned in 2009 but a number of cable faults have delayed completion. CS Chamarel has been carrying out the repairs Initial capacity 30 Gb/s. Maximum Capacity 80 Gb/s
2009 ASH: Keawaula, Hawaii - Pago Pago, US Samoa Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks ASH Cable Company Ile de Ré System 4680 km
ASH re-used the defunct PacRim East cable, which had been laid in 1993
1.2 Gb/s, 2 fiber pairs. .
2009 BSCS: Changi, Singapore - Batam, Indonesia Ocean Cable Co Telekom Indonesia Northern Installer System 73 km. 3 fibre pairs 80 Gb/s
2009 C-BUS: St Davids, Bermuda - Tortola, British Virgin Islands Tyco Telecommunications LIME ? System 1600 km. 2 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 1.6 Tb/s
2009 Basslink: McGaurans Beach, Victoria - Four Mile Bluff, Tasmania Prysmian Cables & Systems supplied the cable. Siemens supplied the plant Basslink Telecoms Giulio Verne System 298 km contained within a 400 kV power cable laid in 2005. Came into service July 2009  
2009 BDM: Melaka, Malaysia - Dumai - Batam, Indonesia Nexans 78 km Moratelindo - Telekom Malaysia ? System 353 km. 2 fibre pairs 1.28 Tb/s
2009 SAS: Samoa - American Samoa: Apia, Samoa - Pago Pago, American Samoa ? American Samoa Government ? System 250 km.  
2009 MELITA 1: Pozzalio, Sicily - Bahar ic-Caghaq, Malta ? Melita ? System 97 km. RFS June 2009  
2009 TEAMS: The East African Marine System:- Fujairah, UAE - Mombasa, Kenya Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Kenyan Government owns 45%; Etilsat 15%. Remainder split between various telecomms companies and ISP's Niwa System 4900 km. Contract signed November 2007. Laying commenced from Fujairah April 2009 and is due to be completed June 2009. 640Gb/s. Maximum capacity 1.2Tb/s
2009 GREENLAND CONNECT: Milton, Newfoundland - Nuuk, Greenland: Nuuk - Qaqortoq, Greenland - Landeyarsandur, Iceland Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Tele Greenland Maersk Responder assisted by Blue Castor (Milton - Nuuk): Ile de Sein (Landeyarsandur - Qaqortoq -Nuuk) System 2500 + 2100 km. Contract signed December 2007. Due to open for service RFS March 2009 Maximum capacity 2.56 Tb/s. 2 fibre pairs x 62 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength.
2010 HANTRU 1:- Tumon. Guam - Pohnpei, Micronesia -  Ebeye, Regan Test Site, Kwajalein - Majuro, Marshall Islands. Link to Chuuk, Federated States of Micronesia via branching unit added in 2017 TE Subcom Hannon Armstrong Capital - Truestone - TE Subcom ? System 2917 km. Initial capacity 20 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 160 Gb/s
2010 PACIFIC UNITY: Chikura, Japan - Hermosa Beach, Los Angeles, USA NEC (Prime Contractor) - Tyco Telecommunications - Ocean Cable Co supplied 9500 km of cable Google - Bharti Airtel Ltd - Global Transit - KDDI - Pacnet - Sing Tel ? System 10000 km. 5 fibre pairs. Contract signed Feb 2008. Opened for service March 2010 Initial capacity 1.92 Tb/s. Maximum 4.8 Tb/s. Upgraded by Alcatel-Lucent in 2013 to 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2010 FLAG NGN: System 1: India - Malaysia - Singapore - Indonesia - Philippines - Brunei - Vietnam - Hong Kong Fujitsu FLAG TELECOM   System 50,000 km including entries below  
2010 FLAG NGN: System 2: India - Kenya - Tanzania - Mozambique - South Africa: Madagascar - Mauritius Fujitsu FLAG TELECOM      
2010 FLAG NGN: System 3: Libya - Lebanon - Cyprus - Greece - Turkey - Malta Fujitsu FLAG TELECOM      
2010 FLAG NGN: System 4: Japan - China - Hong Kong - USA Fujitsu FLAG TELECOM      
2010 HONOTUA: Spencer Beach, Hawaii - Papeete, French Polynesia: Alcatel OPT (Office de Postes & Telecommunications) Ile de Re System 4650 km. 1 fibre pair Hawaii - Papeete cable 10 Gb/s x 32 wavelengths x 1 fibre pair. Initial capacity 2 x 10 Gb/s.
2010 HONOTUA:- Papeete - Moorea - Huahine - Uturoa - Vaitape, French Polynesia Alcatel OPT (Office de Postes & Telecommunications) Ile de Re System 305 km. 2 fibre pairs Initial capacity 2 x 2.5 Gb/s, maximum capacity 8 x 10 Gb/s
2010 EASSy: EAST AFRICA SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM: Main cable runs from Port Sudan, Sudan to Mtunzini, South Africa. The following are connected via branching units:- Djibouti - Mogadishu, Somalia - Mombasa, Kenya - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania - Moroni, Comoros - Bandele, Mayotte - Toliary, Madagascar - Maputo, Mozambique Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Systems WIOCC: West Indian Ocean Cable Company  which consists of the telecoms companies in the following countries:- Djibouti - Kenya - Somalia - Uganda - Zanzibar - Burundi - Nigeria - Botswana - Mozambique - Lesotho. Other partners are - Mauritius Telecom - Comoros Telecom - Sudatel, Sudan - MTN Group - Neotel - Telkom, South Africa - Teleccom Malagasy - Tanzania Telecoms - Zambia Telecoms - BT, UK - France Telecom - Etisalat, UAE - Barthi AerTel, India  - Saudi Telecom ? System 10500 km. Construction contract signed March 2007. Laying completed 19 April 2010. Opened for service 21 July 2010. Landlocked countries; Botswana - Burundi - Central African Republic - Democratic Republic of Congo - Chad - Ethiopia - Lesotho - Malawi - Rwanda - Swaziland - Uganda - Zambia and Zimbabwe will be linked to the cable by a land based fibre optic network 3 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 1.4 Tb/s. To be upgraded by Alcatel-Lucent to 100 Gb/s per wavelength with a total capacity of 10 Tb/s+
2010 MAIN ONE: Phase 1; Seixal, Portugal - Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Links to Casablanca, Morocco - Tenerife, Canary Islands -Dakar, Senegal - Abidjan, Ivory Coast - Accra, Ghana - Lagos, Nigeria via branching units. Phase 2; Nigeria - Angola - South Africa Tyco (Cable) ? Tyco Resolute System 7000 km. Phase 1 opened for business on 1 July 2010 2 fibre pair, 1.28 Tb/s
2010 Project Kelvin: Dublin - Drogheda - Dundalk - Castleblayney - Monaghan, Ireland - Omagh - Strabane, N. Ireland - Letterkenny, Ireland - Londonderry - Coleraine, N. Ireland: Monaghan - Armagh - Portadown - Belfast - Ballymena - Coleraine, N. Ireland ? Hibernia Atlantic Sovereign Landline with a connection to Hibernia's southern cable at Dublin and a connection to their northern cable via a branching unit and cable to Coleraine. Due to enter service March 2010  
2010 Iceland - via branching unit to Hibernia's Northern cable   Hibernia Atlantic   Will provide Iceland with a direct link to Canada, USA, Ireland, England  
2010 ANTEL: Maldonado, Uruguay - Las Toninas, Argentina Alcatel-Lucent (Prime Contractor) Antel - Telecom Argentina   System 250 km. Due for completion 4th quarter 2010 Initial 50 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 3.84 Tb/s
2010 MKCS: Mataran - Kupang Cable System. Mataran - Sumbawa Besa - Raba - Waingapu - Kupang, Indonesia Huewai Marine (Prime contractor) PT Telkom   System 1200 km. Due for completion late 2010 Initial capacity 4 x 10 G/bs
2010 SG-SCS: Surinam Guyana Submarine Cable System:- Surinam - Guyana - Trinidad NEXANS Telesur Surinam - Guyana Telephone & Telegraph Sovereign System 1127 km. Sovereign is at present (December 2009) loading the cable at Rognan, Norway and will sail for Surinam in the New Year. Completed May 2010. 2 fibre pair
2010 JaKa2LaDeMa: Pontianak - Ketapong - Pangkalanbun - Bandjermasin, Kalimantan, Indonesia NSW - Fujitsu Telkom Indonesia ? System 1800 km. including two entries below. Opened for service May 2010 Maximum capacity 9.6 Tb/s. 3 fibre pairs x 32 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2010 JaKa2LaDeMa: Sangatta, Kalimantan - Toweli, Sulawesi, Indonesia NSW - Fujitsu Telkom Indonesia ?
See above
See above
2010 JaKa2LaDeMa: Jember, Java - Benculuk, Bali - Mataram, Lombok, Indonesia NSW - Fujitsu Telkom Indonesia ?
See above
See above
2010 GLO 1; Bude, Cornwall, England - Lagos, Nigeria: BU connect Vigo, Spain - Sesimbra, Portugal - Casablanca, Morocco - Nouakchott, Mauretania - Dakar, Senegal - Accra, Ghana - Alpha Beach, Lekki, Lagos, Nigeria: Alcatel-Lucent (Prime Contractor) Globacom Ile de Batz - IT Intrepid System 9800 km. UK - Spain section, Ile de Batz carried out route clearance work on 9 May 2007, and commenced laying 10 May completing it on 26 May. Main cable landed in Nigeria on 5 September 2009. Opened for service 20 October 2010. Initial capacity 640Gb/s. Total capacity 2.5Tb/s
2010 ALEXANDROS: Marseilles, France - Alexandria, Egypt - Pentaskhinos, Cyprus Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Telecom Egypt - France Telecom - Cyprus Telecommunications Authority   Brought into service 1 September 2010. Connected to TE NORTH via a branching unit 96 x 10 Gb/s
2010 TE NORTH: Sidi Kerir, Egypt - Marseille, France - Cyprus via branching unit Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Telecom Egypt - France Telecom ? System 3100 km. Main cable completed 1 April 2010. Brought into service June 2010. 10 Tb/s +
2010 I-ME-WE: India - Middle East - Western Europe:- Section 1: Marseilles, France - Catania, Sicily - Alexandria, Egypt - Tripoli, Lebanon Alcatel-Lucent (Prime Contractor) - Ocean Cable Co supplied 12000 km of cable Bharti Airtel - VSNL, India - PTCL, Pakistan - Etisalat, UAE - STC, Saudi Arabia - Ogero, Lebanon - TE, Egypt - Telecom Italia Sparkle, Italy - France Telecom, France ? System 14000 km by 3 pairs fibre optic cable. Includes entry below. Opened for service 14 December 2010. Route survey carried out by Fugro Initial 520 Gb/s. Maximum 3.84 Tb/s. Upgraded by Mitsubishi in 2012 to 40 Gb/s per wavelength.
2010 I-ME-WE Section 2: Suez, Egypt - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Fujairah, UAE - Karachi, Pakistan - Mumbai, India. The two sections are linked by landline between Alexandria and Suez. Alcatel-Lucent (Prime Contractor) Bharti Airtel - VSNL, India - PTCL, Pakistan - Etisalat, UAE - STC, Saudi Arabia - Ogero, Lebanon - TE, Egypt - Telecom Italia Sparkle, Italy - France Telecom, France Cable Innovator   Initial 520 Gb/s. Maximum 3.84 Tb/s. Upgraded by Mitsubishi in 2012 to 40 Gb/s per wavelength.
2010 TELMAR: Tel Aviv, Israel - Marseille, France ? MedNautilus - CYTA ? ?  
2010 Anjwa - Whawon Island, South Korea LS Cables Korean Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) Fu Hai System 2 x 154 Kv 3 core XLPE power cables laid simultaneously.  
2010 SAIT:- San Andres Isla Tolu Submarine Cable: San Andres - Tolu, Colombia ? Energia Integral Andina ? System 825 km.  
2010 Tobruk-Emasaed Cable System:- El Quawef - Tobruk, Libya ? Libyan PTT ? System 178 km.  
2010 PGASCOM:- Kuala Tungkai - Batam, Indonesia - Sakra Island, Singapore ? PGASCOM ? System 264 km.  
2011 TGN GULF: Kuwait City, Kuwait - Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia - Manama, Bahrain - Sumaisma, Qatar - Dubai, UAE. Tyco Telecommunications. Respective countries are responsible for cable stations. Tata Communications ? System 2306 km. Linked to TGN EURASIA by a branching unit.  
2011 East-West: Morant Point, Jamaica - Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - Tortola, British Virgin Islands - ? LIME (C&W) ? System 1700 km. Due for completion early 2011 Initial capacity 120 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 720 Gb/s
2011 Canalink: Cadiz, Spain - Tenerife, Canary Islands Alcatel-Lucent (main contractor) Isalink - IT3 ? 2000 km. 2 fibre pairs. Route survey carried out by Fugro 10 Gb/s x 128 wavelengths x 2 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 5.12 Tb/s
2011 La Guaria, Venezuela - Santiago de Cuba, Cuba     Ile de Batz System consists of two cables each of 1552 km. Laying starting 22 January 2011. Due for completion July 2011. 640 Gb/s
2011 Santiago de Cuba, Cuba - Jamaica     Ile de Batz System consists of two cables. Due for completion July 2011. 640 Gb/s
2011 HAWK: Marseilles, France - Yeroskipou, Cyprus - Alexandria, Egypt Fujitsu Reliance Globalcom ? System 3685 km Initial 100 Gb/s. Maximum 2.5 Tb/s. 4 fibre pairs x 68 wavelengths per fibre pair x 10 Gb/s per wavelength.
2011 COMETA: Morvedre, Valencia, Spain - Santa Ponsa, Palma de Mallorca, Majorca NEXANS ? Giulio Verne - Nexans Skaggerak System 480 km plus 7 km of landline. Two 400 MW power cables. Giulio Verne commenced laying cable 1 on 13 January 2011 and Nexans Skaggerak commenced laying cable 2 on 27 January 2011  
2011 SILPHIUM: Chania, Greece - Darnah, Libya Huewai Marine Networks Libyan PTT   System 420 km 7 x 10 Gb/s
2011 TE NORTH: Sidi Kerir, Egypt - Marseilles, France Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Telecom Egypt - France Telecom ? System 3100 km. 10 - 20 Tb/s. Upgraded by Infinera to 100 Gb/s per wavelength in 2012
2011 ATHENA: Koropi, Greece - Pentaskhinos, Cyprus ? Cyprus Telecommunications Authority - Italia Telecom Sparkle ? System 600 km.  
2011 BIN: Bari, Italy - Durres, Albania ? Unifi ? System 280 km 40 Gb/s
2011 Bicentenairo: Maldonado, Uruguay - Las Toninas, Argentina Alcatel-Lucent (Prime Contractor) Antel, Uruguay - Telecom Argentina   System 250 km. RFS December 2011 Initial 50 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 3.84 Tb/s
2011 SAS-2:- Saudi Arabia - Sudan 2: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Port Sudan, Sudan ? Sudan Telecom Co. - Saudi Telecom ? 330 km.  
2011 Turcyos-2:- Tricomo, Cyprus - Samandag, Turkey ? Turk Telkom ? System 213 km.  
2011 GBICS: Mazara, Sicily - Alexandria, Egypt: Zafarana, Egypt - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Mumbai, India: BU to Al Seeb, Oman - Fujairah, UAE - Doha, Qatar - Al Hidd, Bahrain - Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia - Kuwait City, Kuwait - Al Faw, Iraq - Bushehr, Iran - Fujai TE Subcom Gulf Bridge International   System 4750 km. 4 fibre pairs express route, 2 fibre pairs on remainder. GBI owns this system and MENA except for 1 fibre pair in the Oman - Mumbai section and 1 fibre pair on the Oman - Sicily section which are owned by MENA 2.5 Tb/s. 10Gb/s x 128 wavelengths per fibre pair. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength in 2012 by Xtera
2011 MKCS: Mataran - Kupang Cable System. CABLE 1:- Mataran - Sumbawa Besar - Ambalawi: CABLE 2:- Saraemee - Waingapu - Ende - Kupang, Indonesia Huewai Marine (Prime contractor). Nexans manufactured the cable. PT Telkom Cable Innovator System 1200 km., unrepeatered throughout. RFS April 2011 6 fibre pairs x 30 wavelengths per fibre pair x 10 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 1.8 Tb/s
2011 Ceiba-1: Bata - Malabo, Equatorial Guinea ? Ministerio de Transportes, Technologia, Correos y Telecommunicaciones ? System 287 km.  
2011 PENCAN 7:- Alta Vista, Canary Islands - Chipiona, Spain Alcatel-Lucent Telefonica ? System 1400 km. RFS October 2011. Initial capacity 10 Gb/s. Upgraded by Alcatel-Lucent to 100Gb/s in 2015
2011 PENCAN 8:- Candelaria, Canary Islands - Conil, Spain Alcatel-Lucent Telefonica ? System 1400 km. Initial capacity 10 Gb/s. Upgraded by Alcatel-Lucent to 100Gb/s in 2015
2011 BDM: Melaka, Malaysia - Dumai - Batam, Indonesia Nexans 78 km PT Mora Telematika - PT XL - Axiata - Telekom Malaysia ? System 400 km. 2 fibre pairs 1.28 Tb/s
2011 EIG: Europe India Gateway; Bude, England - Sesimbra, Portugal - Gibraltar - Teutan, Morocco - Monaco - Tripoli, Libya - Alexandria, Egypt: Ras Sidr, Egypt - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Djibouti - Muscat - Fujairah, UAE - Mumbai, India Alcatel-Lucent - Tyco Telecommunications AT&T - Bharti Airtel - BT - C&W - Djibouti Telecom - Gibtelcom - IAM - Libya PTT - MTN Group - Omantel - UAE PT - Saudi Telecom - Telecom Egypt - Telkom SA - Verizon Business ? System 15000 km. RFS February 2011 3.84 Tb/s DWDM. Upgraded by Ciena in 2014
2012 MENA: (Middle East North Africa):- Mazara de Vallo, Sicily - Alexandria, Egypt: Suez - Zafarana, Egypt - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Al Seeb, Oman - Mumbai, India Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks (Egypt - Sicily cable). TE Subcom GBI - MENA Maersk Responder - Ile de Sein - Niwa - Tyco Decisive System 8850 km. 6 fibre pairs. Contract signed October 2007. Route survey carried out by EGS, Blue Star and Elettra. See above 5.76 Tb/s. 10 Gb/s x 96 wavelengths per fibre pair. Upgradeable to 100 Gb/s per wavelength.
2012 Dhiraagu Cable Network: Kulhudhufushi - Eydhafushi - Hulhumale - Dhangethi - Gan - Gahdhoo - Fuvahmulah - Hithadhoo, Maldive Islands ? Dhiraagu ? System 1253 km. RFS April 2012  
2012 CELTIX CONNECT: Holyhead, Anglesey - Dublin, Ireland ASN Sea Fibre Networks Cable Innovator System 136 km. RFS 1/1/2012 72 fibre pairs. Total capacity 960 Gb/s
2012 ACE (Africa Coast to Europe) Penmarc'h, France - Lisbon, Portugal - Asilah, Morocco - Tenerife, Canary Islands - Nouakchott, Mauritania - Dakar, Senegal - Banjul, Gambia - Sucujacque, Guinea Bissau - Conakry, Guinea - Freetown, Sierra Leone - Monrovia, Liberia - Abidjan, Ivory Coast - Accra, Ghana - Lome, Togo - Cotonou, Benin - Lagos, Nigeria - Kribi, Cameroun - Bata, Equatorial Guinea - Santana, St Thomas & Prince Islands - Libreville, Gabon - Muanda, DR Congo - Luanda, Angola - Swakopmund, Namibia - Cape Town, South Africa Alactel-Lucent (Main contractors) TE Subcom (Sub contractors) Baharicom - Benin Telecoms SA - Camtel - Companhia Santomense de Telecounicacoes - Cote dIvoire Telecom - Etisalat - Canartel Sudan Consortium - France Telecom - Gamtel - Getesa - Globalink - Maroc Telecom - Mauritano- Tunisienne des Telecommunications - Camtel - Companhia Santomense de Telecomunicacoes - Benin Telecoms SA - Côte d'lvoire Telecom - France Telecom SA - Gamtel - Maroc Telecom - Orange Bissau - Orange Cameroun - Orange Guinee - Orange Mali - Orange Niger - Orange Spain - Portugal Telecom - Sonatel - Togo Telecom   System 17000 km. Route survey carried out by Fugro Maximum capacity 5.12 Tb/s
2012 GLOBAL NEXUS: (North) Freeport, Grand Bahama - Bermuda - Boca Raton, USA - Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada TE SubCom Global Nexus Telecommunications Ltd   System 2500 km. Laying commenced July 2010. Initial 40 G/bs upgradeable to 100 G/bs
2012 GLOBAL NEXUS: (South) Freeport, Grand Bahama - Cuba - Fortaleza, Brazil TE SubCom Global Nexus Telecommunications Ltd      
2012 GLOBAL NEXUS (Central) Bahamas - Cuba TE SubCom Global Nexus Telecommunications Ltd      
2012 LION 2: (Lower Indian Ocean Network); Mombasa, Kenya - Mayotte - then by branching unit linked to LION 1.   France Telecom - Orange - Mauritius Telekom Ltd. - Orange Madagascar - Telkom Kenya Ltd. -     1.28 Tb/s
2012 SCAN: (Submarine Cable Asia Network) Surabaya, Jakarta, Indonesia - Hong Kong. Branching units will be installed enabling links to Singapore, Vietnam and the Philippines to be added at a later date NEC (Prime contractor) Telemedia Pacific Inc. - Fangbian Iskan Corporindo PT   System 4000 km consisting of six fibre pairs 5.76 Tb/s total capacity
2012 Darnah, Libya - Chania, Greece       System 420 km. Initial capacity 7x10 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 1.2 Tb/s
2012 CELTIXCONNECT; Dublin, Ireland - Holyhead, Angelsey   Sea Fibre Networks Cable Innovator System 131 km  
2012 Darnah, Libya - Chania, Greece       System 420 km. Initial capacity 7x10 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 1.2 Tb/s
2012 JONAH: Bari, Italy - Tel Aviv, Israel Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Bezeq Intrnational Ile de Brehat System 2300 km. Route survey carried out by Elettra using Explora 7.6 Tb/s
2012 SOLAS: Kilmore Quay, Ireland - Oxwich Bay, Wales   Eircom Wave Sentinel System twin cables total 140 km. 5 Gb/s
2012 Chennai, India - Khulna, Bangladesh   1Asia Communication (BD) Ltd. Tata Communications   System 1450 km. Due to open for service September 2012 10 Gb/s
2012 WACS: West Africa Cable System: Yzerfontein, South Africa - Walvis Bay, Namibia -Luanda, Angola - Muanda, DR Congo - Pointe Noire, R Congo - Douala, Cameroun - Lagos, Nigeria - Lom, Togo - Accra, Ghana - Côte d'lvoire - Cabo Verde Islands - Alta Vista, Canary Islands - Sesimbra, Portugal - Whitesands Bay, England Alcatel-Lucent (main contractor)
Broadband Infracom - Congo Telecom - MTN Group - Office Congolais des Postes et Télécommunications - Portugal Telecom - Cabo Verde Telecom - Tata Communications - Neotel - Telecom Namibia - Telkom SA - Togo Telecom - Vodafone Espana - Vodaphone Ghana - Vodaphone - Neotel - PCCW - Camtel
 
System 14350 km. Opened for service 11 May 2012.
Initial capacity 5.12 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 14.5 Tb/s. 4 fibre pairs x 32 wavelengths per pair x 100 Gb/per wavelength
2012 ALASIA:- Pentaskhinos. Cyprus - Tartus, Syria ? Cyta - STE, Syria ?
System 350 km., repeaterless.
Maximum capacity 25.6 Tb/s. 8 fibre pairs
2012 Punta Dungeness - Espiritu Santo, Argentina Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks AR-SAT Ile de Batz System 27 km.  
2012
B3JS:- Singapore - Bangka - Bintan - Batam - Jakarta, Indonesia
? Moratelindo ? System 1030 km.  
2012 Libreville - Port Gentil, Gabon ? ? ? System 198 km.  
2012 SEAS:- Seychelles to East Africa System: Victoria, Seychelles - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania ? Seychelles Cable System Ltd. ? System 1930 km.  RFS August 2012  
2012 Tamares North:- Haifa, Israel - Yeroskipos, Cyprus ? Tamares UK Group ? System 345 km.  
2012 TT-1:- Pigeon Point - Toco, Trinidad and Tobago ? C&W Networks - TSTT Alliance Telecoms ? System 48 km.  
2012 Emerald Bridge Fibres:- Clonslaugh, Ireland - Holyhead, Anglesey ? Zayo Group - ESB Telecoms ? System 120 km. 48 fibre pairs. RFS December 2012  
2012 Pishgaman Oman Iran (POI) Network:- Jask, Iran - Barka, Oman - Chabahar, Iran ? Pishgaman Kavir ? System 400 km.  
2012 AUTA:- Alaska United Turnagain Arm. McHugh Point - Portage, Alaska   GCI   System 53 km  
2012 Cross Straits Cable Network: Dadeng, China - Gunintau, Taiwan: Guanyin Mountain, China - Lake Ci, Taiwan ? Chungwa Telecom - China Telecom - China Unicom - China Mobile ? System 21 km.  
2012 Geo-Eirgrid:- Deeside, Clwyd, Wales - Lusk, Ireland ? Eirgrid ? System 187 km. (Power cable)  
2013 SJC: South East Asia Japan Cable: Tuas, Singapore - Chikura, Japan: Links to Nasugbo, Philippines - Chung Hum Kok, Hong Kong -Shantou, China - Telisai, Brunei are provided via branching units. Connections to Jakarta, Indonesia and Songkhla, Thailand will be added later. NEC (Prime contractor) -  8900 km of cable supplied by OCC Corporation (formerly Ocean Cable Co) - TE Subcom BIG, Brunei - China Mobile - China Telecom - Donghwa Telecom - Globe Telecom - KDDI - Singtel, Singapore - Telin, Indonesia - Telemedia Pacific Inc (TPI) - TOT Public Co. ? System 8900 km initially. 10700 when links to Thailand and Indonesia are added. Ready for service second half of 2013. Initial capacity 15 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 23 T/bs. 6 fibre pairs each of 64 x 60 Gb/s DWDM. Upgraded to 100 Gb/s per wavelength by TE Subcom
2013 SEAHORSE 1: Miami, USA - Kingston, Jamaica. Ocho Rios, Jamaica - Dominican Republic - Puerto Rico - Miami       Completion of the whole system is scheduled for 2013. A link to Cuba from Jamaica may be added later.  
2013 HUDSON; Manhattan - Edgewater, New Jersey Prysmian (Italy) Powerbridge Giulio Verne System 3 miles. 3 x 660 MW power cables and 2 fibre optic cables.  
2013 Optikor Network: Sydney, Australia - North and South Islands, New Zealand Huawei Marine Networks     System 3000 km x 2 fibre pairs Initial capacity 120 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 6.4 Tb/s
2013 America Movil-1. (AMX-1):- Jacksonville, Miami, USA - Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic - San Juan, Puerto Rico - Cancun, Mexico - Puerto Barrios, Guatemala - Baranqquila, Cartagena, Colombia - Fortaleza, Salvador da Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks America Movil ? System 17500 km. Fugro and EGS surveyed the route. 100 G/bs
2013 Europa:- Pentaskhinos, Cyprus - Tripoli, Lebanon   CYTA - Lebanese PTT   System 8 fibre pairs  
2013 Boracay-Palawan Submarine Cable System: Taytay - Coron - San Jose, Philippines
Huawei Marine Networks
Globe Telecom ?
System 332 km. 12 fibre pairs
Maximum capacity 4.8 Tb/s. 40 wavelengths per fibre pair x 10 Gb/s per wavelength
2013 TSE-1:- Taiwan Strait Express: Tanshui, Taiwan - Fuzhou, China ? China Unicom - China Mobile - Taiwan Mobile - Chungwa Telecom ? System 260 km.  
2013 Tonga Cable:- Nuku'alofa, Tonga - Suva, Fiji ? Tonga Communications Corp. ? System 827 km.  
2013 ALBA-1: Siboney, Cuba - Camuri, Venezuela: Santiago de Cuba, Cuba - Ocho Rios, Jamaica Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell - Telecomunicaciones Gran Caribe (TGC) Telecom Venezuela - Transbit SA ? System 1600 km. Cable was laid in 2011 but not activated until January 2013. Route survey carried out by EGS using RV Ridley Thomas Initial capacity 640 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 5.12 Tb/s
2013 ASE: Kitibaraki, Japan - Ballesteros, Philippines - Taipa, Macau - Tuas, Singapore - Kuantan, Malaysia Fujitsu supplied the line terminal equipment. - NEC supplied the cable, repeaters and branching units. SB Submarine Systems installed the cable. NTT Communications - PLDT, Philippines - StarHub, Singapore - Telekom Malaysia System 7200 km. Maximum capacity 15 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 128 wavelengths per fibre pair x 40 Gb/s per wavelength
2013 GOKI: Guam - Okinawa - Kita-Kyushu, Japan - Inncheon, South Korea   AT&T Kokusai System 4200 km. Will consist of recovered parts of TPC-5 cable and one other local cable plus new cable. 6.4 T/bs
2013 OMRAN/EPEG Cable System:- Khasab - Diba - Barka, Oman - Jask, Iran. Iran link via branching unit ? Omantel, Vodaphone ? System 600 km. RFS 1st quarter 2013  
2014 ICN 1:- Interchange Cable Network: Port Vila, Vanuatu - Suva, Fiji Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Interchange Ltd. Ile de Re System 1230 km. Laying commenced 13 November and was completed on 25 November 2013. RFS 15 January 2014 Initial capacity 20 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 320 Gb/s
2014 Pac Fibre 2:- Los Angeles, USA - Sydney, Australia - Takapuna, Whenuapai, New Zealand   Pac Fibre Ltd.   System 13600 km., 2 fibre pairs 40 G/bs upgradeable to 100 G/bs
2014 SAEx:- Fortaleza, Brazil - Cacuaco, Luanda, Angola - Melkbosstrand, Mtunzini, Port Elizabeth, East London, South Africa. Possible link to St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks eFive Telecomms, GlobeNet   System 9900 km., 2 fibre pairs 16 T/bs
2014 Crimea - Russia (across Kerch Strait) ? Rostelecom ? Laying completed 25th April 2014. First internet connection took place on July 24th.  
2014 DIDON: Kelibia, Tunis - Mazara del Vallo, Sicily ? Orange Tunisie - Ooredoo Tunisie   System 170 km. RFS May 2014 Maximum capacity 18 Tb/s. 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2014 Flores-Corvo Cable System: Graciosa - Corvo - Flores - Faial, Azores Huawei Marine Networks - NEXANS who carried out the installation and laying. Viatel   System 685 km. 6 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 960 Gb/s. 16 wavelengths per fibre pair x 10 Gb/s per wavelength
2014 Porthcurno, Cornwall, England - Portcressa Beach, Scilly Isles ? BT ? System 40 km. Plan is to recover local redundant cables and reuse them.  
2014 JIBA:- Jambi - Batam, Indonesia ? Moratelindo ? System 420 km.  
2014 POSEIDON:- Yeroskipos - Pentakhinos, Cyprus ? Cyta - Radius Oceanic Communications ? System 800 km. Laid to provide communications to offshore gas and oil installations  
2014 Skagerrak 4:- Kristiansand, Norway - Tjele, Denmark ? Statnett ? System 137 km.  
2014 Sumatra Bangka Cable System (SBSC):- Muntok - Palembang, Indonesia ? Telkom Indonesia ? System 57 km.  
2014 TSCS: Tarakan Selor Cable System:- Tanjung - Tarakan, Indonesia ? Telkom Indonesia ? System 83 km.  
2014 BT Highlands and Islands Submarine Cable System:- Ardmair, Scotland - Branahuie Bay, Isle of Lewis: Leverburgh, Harris - Lochmaddy, North Uist: Dunvegan, Isle of Skye - Sandwick Village, South Uist: Ludag - Balla, South Uist - Coillag - North Bay, Barra: Ardvasar, Isle of Skye - Mallaidvaig, Scotland: Ardgour - Corran, Scotland: Kilchoan Ferry, Scotland - Tobermory, Isle of Mull: Scarinish, Tiree - Calgary, Isle of Mull: Duart Bay, Isle of Mull - Ganavan Bay, Scotland: Otter Ferry - Achnabar, Scotland: Feolin Ferry, Scotland - Port Askaig, Islay: Lavagulin, Islay - Glenbarr, Scotland: Ardberg Point - Largs, Scotland: Kilchatten Bay, Bute - Portachur Point, Scotland: Blackwaterfoot, Isle of Arran - Ardnacross, Scotland: Aikeness - Bay of Tuquoy, Scotland: Corrie, Isle of Arran - Ardneil Bay, Scotland: Ardyne Point - Down Craig, Scotland: Craighouse, Jura - Ormsary, Scotland. Global Marine Solutions supplied the cable and did route surveys. A-2-Sea Solutions provided the land based equipment. BT Rene Descartes System 402 km.  
2015 BLAST: Fogagogo, Tu'tuila - Ofu Harbour, Ofu - Luma, Ta'u - Aunu'u Wharf, Aunu'u, American Samoa International Telecom ASTCA (American Samoa Telecommunications Authority) IT Intrepid System 250 km. Repeaterless.  
2015 BRICS:- Vladivostock, Russia - Chantou, China, Singapore - Chennai, India - Mauritius - Cape Town, South Africa - Fortaleza, Brazil - Miami, USA   Imphandze Subtel Services   System 34000 km 2 fibre pair 12.8 T/bs
2015 GTT Express (formerly Hibernia Express):- Brean, Somerset, England - Cork, Ireland - Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada TE Subcom Hibernia Atlantic. Hibernia was taken over by GTT Communications Inc., on 9 January 2017 Route clearance was carried out as follows:- Canadian end - Tyco Resolute - Tyco Decisive. UK end - DSV Atlantic Guardian - CS Ikaros - CS Ile d'Aix - CS Ile d'Brehat. Laying carried by the above Tyco vessels plus Tyco Dependable - Tyco Reliance - Tyco Responder System 4600 kms. Due for completion September 2015. At Halifax the cable will link with Hibernia's Halifax - New York cable. Additional branching units are being installed in the cable to allow for future connections to other countries 6 fibre pairs. 100 Gb/s per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 53 Tb/s
2015 LTCS: Luwuk - Tutuyan, Indonesia ? Telkom Indonesia ? System 445 km.  
2015 NCSCS: Nigeria-Cameroun Submarine Cable System:- Lagos, Nigeria - Kribi, Cameroun Huawei Marine Networks - NEXANS who carried out the installation and laying. Camtel   System 1100 km. RFS December 2015 6 fibre pairs. Initial capacity 40 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 12.8 Tb/s
2015 SMPCS Packet-1:- Manado - Sofifi - - Labuha - Sorong - Sanana - Namlea - Masohi - Ambon - Bandaneira - Fakfak - Kendari, Indonesia ? Telkom Indonesia ? System 3150 km.  
2015 SMPCS Packet-2:- Jayapura - Sarmi - Biak - Manokwari - Waisai - Sorong - Fakfak - Tual - Kaimana - Timika - Merauke, Indonesia ? Telkom Indonesia ? System 3500 km.  
2015 FOS Quellon-Chacabuco: Puerto Chacaburo - Quellon, Chile International Telecom installed the cable Gtd Teleductos S.A. ? System 350 km. RFS January 2015  
2015 PCCS: Pacific-Caribbean Cable System:- Jacksonville, Florida - Tortola, BVI - Isla Verde, Puerto Rico - Tera Cora, Curacao - Hudishibana, Aruba - Cartagena, Colombia - Maria Chiquita, Panama: Balboa, Panama - Manta, Ecuador Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks C&W Communications - Setar - Telconet - Telefonica - UTS Route survey carried by RV Ridley Thomas System 6000 km. 6 fibre pairs 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 48 Tb/s
2015 St. Thomas - St. Croix System:- Banana Bay - Brewers Bay - Christiansted - Flamingo Bay - Frederiksted - Great Bay - Vila Cioja, US Virgin Islands International Telecom installed the cable Virgin Islands Next Generation Networks Inc. IT Intrepid System 183 km.  
2016 AE Connect: Shirley, Long Island, USA - Belmullet, Dublin, Ireland TE Connectivity SubCom AECL   System 5536 km. Route survey commenced off Long Island on 9 December 2013. Final splice November 2015 and ready for service 31 January 2016. Originally named EMERALD EXPRESS but the company was unable to raise the finance. The scheme was taken over by AECL and renamed. 6 fibre pairs x 130 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 78 Tb/s
2016 SEA-US: Hermosa Beach, California, USA - Oahu, Hawaii - Piti, Guam - Dayao, Philippines - Menado, Indonesia NEC, prime contractor Hawaiin Telcom - Telin, Indonesia - Telkom, USA - Globe Telecom - GTI Corp - Teleguam, Guam - LLC (GTA) - RTI   System 15000 km. 2 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 20 Tb/s
2016 BBG: Bay of Bengal Gateway:- Singapore - Penang, Malaysia - Ratmalana, Sri Lanka - Chennai, Mumbai, India - Barka, Oman - Fujairah, UAE Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Telekom Malaysia Berhad, Malaysia - Vodaphone Group, UK - Omantel, Oman - Etisalat, UAE - Reliance Jio Infocomm, India - Dialog Axiata, Sri Lanka   System 8100 km. Route survey carried out by Northern Endeavour. 3 fibre pairs. Initial capacity 6.4 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 55 Tb/s
2016 Far East Submarine Cable System: Ola - Okha - Ust Bolsheretsk, Russia Huawei Marine Networks. Installation carried out by Global Marine Systems Ltd. Rostelcom   System 2000 km. RFS 1st quarter 2016 2 fibre pairs x 8 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 1.6 Tb/s
2016 FASTER: Bandon, Oregon, USA - Tanshui - Shima, Japan NEC - Installation carried out by Orange Marine Google - KDDI - Singtel - China Telecom - China Mobile - Global Transit ? System 9000 km. 6 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Initial capacity 28 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 60 Tb/s.
2016 Lynn Canal Fibre:- Skagway - Haines - Lena Point - Juneau, Alaska, USA ? Alaska Power & Telephone Co. (AP&T) ? 138 km.  
2016 C-Lion 1: Helsinki, Finland - Rostock, Germany ? Cinia Group Oy   System 1172 km. 8 fibre pairs 300 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 144 Tb/s
2016 North West Cable System:- Darwin, NT - Port Hedland, WA, Australia ? Nextgen Networks ? System 2000 km. 2 fibre pairs with a maximum capacity of 12 Tb/s
2016 AVASSA:- Moroni - Chindini, Grande Comores: Mutsamudu, Anjoun - Mamoudzou, Mayotte Huawei Marine Networks Comores Telecom - STOI ? System 260 km. RFS November 2016  
2016 APG: Asia Pacific Gateway:- Pusan, Korea - Qingdao, China - Shima, Japan - Chongming, China - Toucheng, Taiwan - Lantau, Hong Kong - La Union, Philippines - Vung Tau, Vietnam - Songkhla, Thailand - Kuantan, Malaysia - Tuas, Singapore NEC, prime contractor - OCC Corporation supplied 10400 km of cable. SBS Submarine Systems installed the system China Telecom - China Unicom - Chungwa Telecom International - Korean Telecom - Facebook - NTT Communications - PLDT, Philippines - Star Hub, Singapore - Telekom Malaysia - TIMEdotCom - VNPT   System 10,400 km. Initial capacity 40 Gb/s per wavelength. Upgradeable to 100 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 54.8 Tb/s
2016 GUANTANAMO BAY CABLE:- Miami, Florida - Guantanamo Bay, Cuba NEXANS - XTERA US Military   System 1500 km.  
2017 JUNIOR:- Rio de Janeiro - Santos, Brazil NEXANS - PadTec. Elettra carried out the installation Google Teliri System 400 km.  8 fibre pairs
2017 Monet:- Boca Raton, Florida, USA - Fortaleza - Santos, Brazil TE Subcom Angola Cables - Google - Algar Telecom - Antel, Uruguay   System 10500 km. 6 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength.  Maximum capacity 60 Tb/s
2017 Ooredoo Maldives Domestic Submarine Cable System:- Kulhudhufushi - Eydhafushi - Hulhumale - Kolhufushi - Thinadhoo - Hithadhoo, Maldives Huawei Marine Systems Ooredoo ? System 1090 km. RFS March 2017  
2017 Quintillion Subsea:-  Prudhoe Bay - Nome, Alaska. The following places are connected via branching units. Barrow, Wainwright, Point Hope, Kotzebue Alcatel-Lucent (Prime contractor) Quintillion Ile de Batz - Ile de Sein - Ile de Brehat - MV Dream Catcher System 900 km. 3 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s
2017 SeaX-1:- SEA cable Exchange-1: Batam, Indonesia - Changi North, Singapore - Mersing, Malaysia Huawei Marine Works Super Sea Cable Networks ? System 250 km. 24 fibre pairs.
2017 SEABRAS-1:- New Jersey, USA - Praia Grande, Brazil ? Seaborne Networks ? System 10900 km. RFS June 2017 6 fibre pairs x 120 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 72 Tb/s
2017 SKR1M: Sistem Kabel Rakyat 1 Malaysia: Cherating - Kota Kinabalu - Miri - Bintulu - Kuching - Mersing, Malaysia NEC Telekom Malaysia - TIMEdotCom ? System 3700 km.  Initial capacity 4 Tb/s.
2017 Strategic Evolution Underwater Link (SEUL):- Bomba - San Pedro, Belize ? Belize Telemedia ? System 24 km.  
2017 Tannat:- Santos, Brazil - Maldonaldo, Uruguay TE Subcom Google - Antel - Government of Uruguay ? System 2000 km. RFS 4th quarter 2017 6 fibre pairs, Maximum capacity 90 Tb/s
2017 TGA: Tasman Global Access Cable:- Oxford Flats, Australia - Raglan, New Zealand ? Spark New Zealand - Vodafone - Telstra ? System 2300 km.  2 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 20 Tb/s. 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2017 ATISA:- Piti, Guam - Sasanlagu, Rota - Tachognya Beach, Tinian - Sugar Dock, Saipan, North Mariana Islands NEC Docomo Pacific ? System 280 km. RFS June 2017 6 fibre pairs.
2017 Greenland Connect North:- Aasiaat - Sisimiut - Manitsoq - Nuuk, Greenland Huawei Marine Networks Tele Greenland ? System 680 km. Maximum capacity 4.8 Tb/s.
2017 ASIA AFRICA EUROPE 1 (AAE-1):- (Main cable):- Marseilles, France - Bari, Italy - Chanai, Greece - Abu Talat - Zafrana, Egypt -  Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Djibouti City, Djibouti - Aden, Yemen - Satun, Thailand Landline across Thailand between these two landings. Sianoukville, Thailand - Cape D'Aguilar, Hong Kong. Branching units link the following to the main cable. Muscat, Oman - Fujairah, UAE - Doha, Qatar: Karachi, Pakistan:  Mumbai, India: Ngwe Saung, Myanmar: Pontian Kechi, Malaysia - Singapore. TE Subcom China Unicom - Telecom Egypt - Chuan Wei, Cambodia - Djibouti Telecom - Etisalat, UAE - HKT - PCCW, Hong Kong - Mobily, Saudi Arabia - Omantel, Oman - OTE Globe, Greece - Ooredoo Group, Qatar - PTCL, Pakistan - TOT, Thailand - Viettel, Vietnam - Hyalroute - Metfene - Retelit - Reliance Jio Infocomm   System 25000 km RFS 26 June 2017. WFS 2042 Maximum capacity 40 Tb/s. 5 fibre pairs x 80 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2017 Kiamsam, Labuan, Malaysia - Tungku, Brunei ? Common Tower Technologies ? System 52 km. RFS April 2017  
2017 MCT: Malaysia-Cambodia-Thailand Cable:- Rayong, Thailand - Sihanoukville, Cambodia - Cherating, Malaysia Huawei Marine Malaysia Telekon - Ezecom - Symphony - DTAC ? System 1300 km. RFS March 2017 Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 50 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelentgh
2017 SEA-ME-WE 5:- Marseilles, France - Annaba,  Algeria - Bizerte, Tunisia - Palermo, Sicily - Alexandria - Suez, Egypt (Landline between these two landings) - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Fujairah, UAE - Karachi, Pakistan - Mumbai, India - Mt Lavinia, Sri Lanka - Chennai, India - Cox's Bazaar, Bangladesh - Satun, Thailand - Melaka, Malaysia - Singapore France - Sri Lanka carried out by Alcatel-Lucent and Sri Lanka - Singapore by NEC SEA-ME-WE 5 Consortium ? System 16000 km.  3 fibre pairs 80 wavelengths per fibre pair and 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2017 Kiamsam, Labuan, Malaysia - Tungku, Brunei ? Common Tower Technologies ? System 52km. RFS April 2017  
2017 Malabo, Equatorial Guinea - Kribi, Cameroun - Bata, Equatorial Guinea Huawei Marine. Republic of Equatorial Guinea Global Marine Systems Ltd., installed the cable. System 300 km. Maximum capacity 8 Tb/s
2018 BRUSA: Rio de Janeiro - Fortaleza, Brazil - San Juan, Peurto Rico - Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA ASN Telefonica   System 11000 km. RFS 2nd quarter 2018 Maximum capacity 138 Tb/s. 8 fibre pairs x 135 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2018 DARE; Djibouti Africa Regional Express: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania - Mombasa, Kenya - Mogadishu, Somalia - Socotra, Yemen - Bossaso - Berbera, Somalia - Djibouti City, Djibouti - Mocha, Yemen  TE Subcom Djibouti Telecom - Africa Marine Express - TeleYemen - Telesom - Hormuud Telecom, Somalia - Golis Telecommunications - Somtel International ? System 5500 km. RFS May 2018. All connections except Dar es Salaam and Mocha are linked to the main cable via branching units.  
2018 HAWAIKI:- Oregon, USA - Kapolei, Hawaii - Pago Pago, American Samoa - Sydney, Australia. Mangawhai, New Zealand. TE Subcom Hawaiki Cable Co. Global Sentinel - Tyco Responder System 15000 km.  Initial capacity 5 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 43,8 Tb/s. 4 fibre pairs x 106 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2018 MAREA:- Bilbao, Spain - Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA TE Subcom Facebook - Microsoft - Telefonica Teneo - Tyco Dependable System 6600 km. RFS 1st quarter 2018 8 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 160 Tb/s. 
2018 Pacific Light Cable Network:- Manhattan Beach, California, USA - Tseung Kwan O, Hong Kong TE Subcom Pacific Light Data Communications Co - Facebook - Google ? System 12800 km.  5 fibre pairs x 240 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2018 South Atlantic Interlink (SAIL):- Kribi, Cameroun - Fortaleza, Brazil Huawei Marine Networks Camtel - China Unicom ? System 5900 km. RFS 3rd quarter 2018 4 fibre pairs x 80 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 32 Tb/s
2018 Trident Subsea Cable:- Onslow - Perth, Australia ? Trident Subsea Cable ? System ? Will connect with MATRIX cable via a branching unit.  
2018 ARBR:- Praia Grande, Brazil - Los Toninas, Argentina ? Werthein Group - Seaborn Group ? System 2700 km. RFS 4th quarter 2018 4 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 48 Tb/s
2018 AWE:- Australia West Express: Djibouti City, Djibouti - Diego Garcia, BIOT - Perth, Australia ? GoTo Networks ? System 10000 km. RFS 4th quarter 2018 2 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre x 200 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 20 Tb/s
2018 GULF2AFRICA (G2A):- Salalah, Oman - Bosaso - Berbera, Somalia ? Omantel - Golis Telecommunications - Telesom - Ethio Telecom ? System 1500 km.  
2018 Liquid Sea:- Aqaba, Jordan - Quseer, Egypt - Djibouti City, Djibouti - Mombasa, Kenya - Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania - Maputo, Mozambique - Mtunzini, South Africa ? Liquid Telecom ? System 10000 km. Maximum capacity  
2018 KANAWA:- Kourou, French Guiana - Schoelcher, Martinique ? Orange ? System 1750 km.  
2018 ORVAL:- Oran, Algeria - Valencia, Spain Alcatel-Lucent (Prime contractor) Algeria Telecom ? System 560 km. RFS 2018 Initial capacity 100 Gb/s. Maximum capacity 20 Tb/s
2018 ASC: Australia, Singapore Cable:- City Beach, Perth, Australia - Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island - Anyer, Jakarta, Indonesia -Tanah Merah,  Singapore  Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Vocus Communications   System 4800 km. RFS July 2018 Initial capacity 10 Gb/s then 40 Gb/s. 150 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength.
2018 ASSC-1: Perth, Australia - Jakarta, Indonesia - Singapore Huawei Marine Networks Bevan Slattery   System 4700 km., will consist of 4 fibre pairs, 3 of which will run from Perth to Singapore, the 4th pair will run Perth - Jakarta - Singapore. 6 T/bs upgradeable to 16 T/bs
2018 SACS; South Atlantic Cable System:- Luanda - Angola - Fortaleza, Brazil NEC Angola Cables - Telebras   System 6000 km. 4 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2018 Tui-Samoa:- Fagali'i - Tuasivi, US Samoa - Laucaia Bay, Fiji Alcatel Submarine Networks Samoa Submarine Cable Co. Ile de Re System 1470 km. Maximum capacity 8 Tb/s
2018 NEW CROSS PACIFIC (NCP) CABLE SYSTEM:- Pacific City, Oregon, USA - Manuyama, Japan - Pusan, South Korea - Chongming - Nanhui, China - Toucheng, Taiwan TE Subcom China Telecom - China Unicom - Chungwa Telecom - KT - China Mobile - Microsoft Softbank Telecom ? System 13620 km.  
2018 Crosslake Fibre:- Toronto, Canada - Buffalo, USA   Crosslake Fibre Inc.   System 60 km  
2018 EASTERN LIGHT:- Kotka - Helsinki - Hanko, Finland - Stockholm, Sweden NSW Eastern Light   System ?  
2018 GUANTANAMO BAY CABLE 2:- San Juan, Puerto Rico - Guantanamo Bay   US Military   System 1200 km.  
2019 INDIGO-Central:- Perth - Sydney, Australia ASN Superloop - Singtel - Google - Indosat Ooredoo - AARNET ? System 4850 km. RFS 1st quarter 2019 Maximum capacity 36 Tb/s. 2 fibre pairs x 80 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2019 INDIGO-West:- Tuan, Singapore - Jakarta, Indonesia - Perth, Australia ASN Superloop - Singtel - Google - Indosat Ooredoo - AARNET ? System 4600 km. RFS 1st quarter 2019 Maximum capacity 36 Tb/s. 2 fibre pairs x 80 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2019 IOX Cable System:- East London, South Africa - La Cambuse, Mauritius - Grand Baie, Rodriguez Island - Puducherry, India ASN IOX Cable Ltd ? System 8850 km. RFS 1st quarter 2019 Maximum capacity 54 Tb/s. 4 fibre pairs x 130 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength.
2019 Midgardsormen:- Virginia Beach, Virginia - Blaabjerg, Denmark ? Midgardsormen ? System 7850 km. RFS 2nd quarter 2019  
2019 IslaLink:- Sines, Portugal - Funchal, Madeira - Tenerife, Canary Islands - Praia, Cape Verde Islands - Fortaleza, Brazil. Branching unit links Santos, Brazil ? Telebras - IslaLink ? System 10120 km. RFS 2019  
2019 HK-G:- Piti, Guam - Tseung Kwan O, Hong Kong       System 4000 km. RFS 4th quarter 2019  
2019 MYTHIC: Myanmar-Thailand Interconnect Cable:- Thanlyin, Myanmar - Satun, Thailand ? Campana Group ? System 1600 km.   
2019 NORTH SEA CONNECT: Esbjerg, Denmark - Newcastle upon Tyne, England ? Aqua Comms ? System 700 km.   
2019 NEMO: twin power cable; Pegwell Bay, England - Zeebrugge, Belgium OCC ? National Grid Bodo Installer 2 laid shore ends - Maersk Connector System 140 km.  
2019 IFC-1: Ireland -France Cable:- Cork, Ireland - Lannion, France   Ireland-France Subsea Cable Ltd.   System 490 km. 6 fibre pairs. Maximum capacity 120 Tb/s  
2019 SOLOMON ISLANDS TO THE WORLD:- Piti - Madong - Noro - Honiara - Auki, Solomon Islands - Sydney, Australia. Link to Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea possible subject to Australian Government approval of the whole scheme. ? Solomons Oceanic Cable Company   System 4000 km., including link to Port Moresby  
2019 SRG-1:- Silk Route Gateway: Karachi - Gwalior, Pakistan - Muscat, Oman ? Multinet, Pakistan - Omantel   System 1030 km.  
2019 BEST Cable: North Tipalao, Guam - Manado, Indonesia - Parang, Philippines - Tawau, Malaysia - Kota Kinabalu, Sabah - Tungku, Brunei: Tawau, Malaysia - Samarinda, Indonesia   BEST Cable Corporation   System 5092 km.   
2019 AFRICA-1:- Zafarana, Egypt - Port Sudan, Sudan - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia - Mocha, Yemen - Fujairah, UAE - Karachi, Pakistan - Mumbai, India. Branching unit to Antsiranana, Madagascar - Terre Rouge, Mauritius and Mombasa, Kenya - Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania - Maputo, Mozambique - Mtunzini, South Africa ? PCCW - Saudi Telecom - MTN - Telecom Egypt - Telkom South Africa ? System 12000 km.  
2019 SAPL: South America Pacific Link:- Jacksonville, Florida - Balboa - Colon, Panama - Valparaiso, Chile - with link to Makaha, Hawaii via a branching unit Alcatel Submarine Networks Ocean Networks ? System 17600 km. 3 fibre pairs x 150 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s
2019 BIN: Balkans-Italy Network:- Bari, Italy - Durres, Albania ? Unifi ? 275 km  
2019 FIBRA OPTICA AUSTRAL: Puerto Montt - Totel - Punta Arenas - Puerto Williams, Chile Huawei Marine Networks - IT International Telecom AUSTRAL University of Magellan - Magellan CPC IT Intrepid System 2800 km. RFS 4th quarter 2019  
2019 CURIE:- Los Angeles, USA - Valparaiso, Chile TE Subcom Google   System 8900 km.  
2019 HAVFRUE/AEC-2:- Kristiansand, Norway - Blaabjerg, Denmark - Leckanvey, Ireland - Wall, USA TE Subcom AquaComms owns the Denmark - Ireland - US section HAVFRUE - Bulk Infrastructure AS the Norway section, AEC-2.   System 8200 km. Maximum capacity 108 Tb/s
2019 Baie Jacotet, Mauritius - Grand Baie, Rodriguez Island Huawei Marine Networks Mauritius Telecom - PCCW Global   System 700 km.  Maximum capacity 16 Tb/s
2019 METISS: MELTING POT INDIANOCEANIC SUBMARINE SYSTEM:- Durban, South Africa - Port Dauphin, Madagascar - Le Port, Réunion   Canal+Telecom - CEB Fibrenet - Emtel Ltd - SFR - Telma - ZEOP   System 3500 km.  Maximum capacity 24 Tb/s
2019 NATITUA:- Nuku Hiva - Hiva Oa - Takaroa - Manihi - Rangiroa - Arutua - Kaukura - Fakarava - Makemo - Tahiti, French Polynesia   OPT French Polynesia   System 2400 km. Maximum capacity 10 Tb/s
2019 SSCS: SOLOMONS SUBMARINE CABLE SYSTEM:- Sydney, Australia - Honiara - Auki - Noro, Solomon Islands TE SubCom Solomon Islands Submarine Cable Co.   System 830 km.  
2020 Suva - Savusavu, Fiji - Futuna Island - Wallis Island - Savai'i - Apia, American Samoa Alcatel-Lucent ? ? ?  
2020 Ellalink: Sines, Portugal - Funchal, Madeira - Tenerife, Canary Islands - Praia, Cape Verde Islands - Fortaleza - Santos, Brazil ASN Telebras - IslaLink ? System 9300 km. Initial Capacity 50 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 72 Tb/s. 4 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2020 South Atlantic Express (SAEx):- Mtunzi - Yzerfontein, South Africa - Jamestown, St Helena - Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA. Links to Lagos, Nigeria, Ascension and Fortaleza, Brazil may be added. ? SAEx International Ltd. ? System 13000 km. 17300 km if Lagos and Fortaleza are included. Maximum  capacity 72 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 120 wavelengths per fibre pair x 200 Gb/s per wavelength.
2020 Suva - Savusavu, Fiji - Futuna Island - Wallis Island - Savai'i - Apia, American Samoa Alcatel-Lucent ? ? ?  
2020 Ellalink: Sines, Portugal - Funchal, Madeira - Tenerife, Canary Islands - Praia, Cape Verde Islands - Fortaleza - Santos, Brazil ? Telebras - IslaLink ? System 5900 km 4 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength. Initial capacity 50 Tb/s.
2020 South Atlantic Express (SAEx):- Mtunzi - Yzerfontein, South Africa - Jamestown, St Helena - Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA. Links to Lagos, Nigeria, Ascension and Fortaleza, Brazil may be added. ? SAEx International Ltd. ? System 13000 km. 17300 km if Lagos and Fortaleza are included. Maximum  capacity 72 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 120 wavelengths per fibre pair x 200 Gb/s per wavelength.
2020 AURORA:- Sarasota, Florida - Cancún, Mexico - Belize City, Belize - Puerto Barrios, Guatemala - Trujillo, Honduras - Bluefields, Nicaragua - Puerto Limon, Costa Rica - Cartagena, Colombia -   Maria Chiquita - Balboa, Panama - Manta, Ecuador - Valparaiso, Chile ASN FP Telecommunications   System ? Ready for service 1st quarter 2020 Maximum capacity 15 Tb/s
2020 Deep Blue Cable:- (Cable 1) Boca Raton, Florida - Willemstad, Curacao - Manzanilla, Trinidad and Tobago. Branching units link the following to the main cable: Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands: Cap Haitien, Haiti: Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic: San Juan, Puerto Rico: Arcahaie, Haiti: Jacmel, Haiti: Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: San Juan, Puerto Rico: Barranquilla, Colombia: Hudishibana, Aruba: Kralendijk, Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba: Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago: Rocky Bay, Trinidad and Tobago: (Cable 2) Naples, Florida - North West Point - Boddan Town, Cayman Islands - Maria Chiquita, Panama. Branching units link the main cable to the following. Montego Bay, Ocho Rios, Kingston, Jamaica: Cartagena, Colombia. (Cable 3) Tortola, British Virgin Islands - St Louis, St Martin - The Valley, Anguilla. From (Cable 2) links to (Cable 1) run from Ocho Rios and Kingston, Jamaica. TE Subcom Deep Blue Cable ? System 12000 km. RFS 4th quarter 2020 Initial capacity 6 Tb/s. Maximum capacity 160 Tb/s. 8 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength.
2020 EAUFON:- Eastern Arctic Undersea Fibre Optic Network: Nuuk, Greenland - Iqaluit - Kimmirut - Cape Dorset - Salluit - Ivujivik - Akulivik - Puvirnituq - Inukjuak - Umiujaq - Sanikiluaq - Kuujjuarapik - Chisasibi, Canada   Kativik Regional Government   System 7000 km.  Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2020 GALAPAGOS SUBSEA SYSTEM:- Manta, Ecuador - Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, Galapagos Islands   CNT EP   System 1000 km.  
2020 HKA: HONG KONG AMERICA:- Hermosa Beach, USA - Hong Kong   China Telecom - China Unicom - Facebook - TATA Communications, Telstra   System 13000 km.  Maximum capacity 80 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs.
2020 HK-G: HONG KONG - GUAM:- Tseung Kwan O, Hong Kong - Piti, Guam   Google, RTI Connectivity   System 3900 km. Maximum capacity 48 Tb/s
2020 IFC-1:- Cork, Ireland - Lannion, France   Ireland-France Subsea Cable   System 500 km. Maximum capacity 120 Tb/s
2020 JUPITER:- Hermosa Beach, California - Oregon, USA - Maruyama - Shima, Japan - Daet, Philippines TE Subcom Amazon - Facebook - NTT - PCCW Global - PLDT - Softbank Mobile   System 14560 km. Maximum capacity 60 Tb/s
2020 Liquid Sea:- Aqaba, Jordan - Quseer, Egypt - Djibouti City, Djibouti - Mombasa, Kenya - Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania - Maputo, Mozambique - Mtunzini, South Africa ? Liquid Telecom ? System 10000 km. Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s
2020 PEACE: PAKISTAN EAST AFRICA CABLE EXPRESS:- Marseilles, France - Abu Talat - Zafarana, Egypt - Djibouti City, Djibouti - Gwadar - Karachi, Pakistan. Link to Mombasa, Kenya via branching unit Huawei Marine     System 8800 km. Maximum capacity 60 Tb/s
2020 PLCN: PACIFIC LIGHT CABLE NETWORK:- El Segundo, California - Deep Water Bay, Hong Kong. Branching units connect to Toucheng, Taiwan:  Aurora and San Fernando City, Philippines TE Subcom Facebook - Google - Pacific Light Data Communication - Telstra   System 12800 km. Maximum capacity 144 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 240 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2020 QUINTILLION SUBSEA PHASE 2:- Nome, Alaska - Tokyo, Japan   Quintillion Subsea Holdings   System 3500 km. Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s. 3 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2020 SABR: SOUTH AFRICA-BRAZIL:- Cape Town, South Africa - Recife, Brazil   Seaborn Networks   System 6200 km. Maximum capacity 60 Tb/s
2020 SAPL: SOUTH AMERICAN PACIFIC LINK:- Naples, Florida - Colon - Balboa, Panama - Valparaiso, Chile. Link to Makaha, Hawaii via branching unit.     Ocean Networks   System 17600 km. Maximum capacity 30 Tb/s. 3 fibre pairs x 150 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2020 SJC2: SOUTHEAST ASIA-JAPAN 2:- Changi, Singapore - Songkhla, Thailand - Sihanoukville, Cambodia - Quy Nhon, Vietnam - Chung Hom Kuk, Hong Kong - Fangshan - Tanshui, Taiwan - Lingang, China - Pusan, South Korea - Shima - Chikura, Japan NEC China Mobile - Facebook - KDDI - VNPT - Chungwa Telecom - Singapore Telecoms Ltd - SK Broadband   System 10500 km. Maximum capacity 144 Tb/s. 8 fibre pairs 
2020 SOUTHERN CROSS NEXT:- Alexandria, Australia - Takapuna, New Zealand - Suva - Savusavu, Fiji - Nukunonu, Tokelau - Apia, Samoa - Kiritimati, Kiribati - Los Angeles, California TE SubCom Fintel - Southern Cross Cables Ltd.   System 12500 km. Maximum capacity 60 Tb/s
2021 ARCTIC CONNECT NORTHEAST PASSAGE: Kirkines, Norway - Teriberka, Russia - Vladivostock, Russia - Bejing, China - Emi, Japan       System 10500 km. Maximum capacity 30 Gb/s. 6 fibre pairs. 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2021 QUINTILLION SUBSEA PHASE 3:- Prudoe Bay, Alaska - Iqaluit, Canada - London, England   Quintillion Subsea Holdings   System 5000 km. Maximum capacity 30 Gb/s. 3 fibre pairs x 100 wavelengths per fibre pair x 100 Gb/s per wavelength
2021 SAEx-1: SOUTH ATLANTIC EXPRESS 1:- Mtunzini - Cape Town, South Africa - St Helena - Ascension Island - Fortaleza, Brazil - Virginia Beach, USA   SAEx International Ltd.   System 14720 km. Maximum capacity 72 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 60 wavelengths per fibre pair x 200 Gb/s per wavelength.
2021 SAEx-2: SOUTH ATLANTIC EXPRESS 2:- Mtunzini, South Africa - Madagascar - Mauritius - Chennai, India - Singapore   SAEx International Ltd.   System 14000 km. Maximum capacity 72 Tb/s. 6 fibre pairs x 60 wavelengths per fibre pair x 200 Gb/s per wavelength.
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Last revised: 27 August, 2018

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