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History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications
from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network

Henry M. Ash and CS Faraday (1)
Catalogue of Sketches

Note: Sketches with record IDs beginning with AC are in the collection of the Atlantic Cable website. All other sketches are in the collection of the Library and Archives Canada. Images and catalogue information for these records copyright © 2006 Library and Archives Canada, used by permission.

Notes from news accounts and other contemporary documents are interspersed in this font.

--Bill Burns
 
Record ID Accession No. Title Date Description
1879: Brest, France - St. Pierre, Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(La Compagnie Française du Télégraphe de Paris à New York)

The Times, LONDON, June 6, 1879. The steamer Faraday will leave Millwall, on the Lower Thames, on Monday next, and begin loading the new French Atlantic cable on Tuesday, and will sail in about a week after. The shore ends and the Brest and Scilly connection will be laid first. The Faraday will then return to the Thames for the deep-sea cable, which is being manufactured as rapidly as possible.


New York Times: LONDON, June 25, 1879. A telegram from the steamer Faraday announces that 140 knots of the cable have been paid out since last report.


New York Times: LONDON, August 12, 1879. Up to yesterday, the 11th inst., the steamer Faraday had laid successfully over 1,000 miles of the new French cable.


New York Times: LONDON, Sept. 6, 1879. The Standard says it has authentic information that the deep-sea section of the French cable has been laid and that the line is complete from Brest to St. Pierre. The steamer Faraday is now returning to Europe to ship the section of the cable which is to connect St. Pierre with New-York.


New York Times: LONDON, Oct. 8, 1879. The steamer Faraday has sailed for St. Pierre, Miquelon, to complete the laying of the new French cable.

AC-01   A Street in St. Pierre October 21, 1879  
204306 R11546-1 St Pierre off Newfoundland, landing place of the 1879 Atlantic Cable October 22, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting a view of the shore of St-Pierre from the water.
204308 R11546-2 Galantry Head Lighthouse, St. Pierre October 28, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting a view of a rocky point of the shore of St-Pierre. A lighthouse sits on top of the point.
204309 R11546-3 Halifax, Nova Scotia November 3, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting a view of Halifax from the water.

New York Times: LONDON, Nov. 4, 1879. Siemens Brothers, of the Ocean Telegraph Cable Works here, have received a telegram from the steamer Faraday, through the new French cable, and dated on Nov. 3, stating that the Faraday had successfully completed the present part of the operations of laying the cable, and is proceeding to Halifax.


New York Times: HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, Nov. 4, 1879. The cable steamer Faraday arrived today. She has laid a telegraph cable for the new French company between Brest and St. Pierre, and is now engaged in laying a cable between the latter place and Cape Cod. The Faraday was in the heavy gale of last week, but kept steadily at work. The cable was buoyed 200 miles from Cape Cod on Sunday night.

204310 R11546-4 Entrance to Halifax Harbor, Nova Scotia November 6, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting Halifax harbour.
204311 R11546-5 Dartmouth, Halifax, Nova Scotia November 7, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting Dartmouth from the water. A large three-masted ship sits on the water in the foreground.
204312 R11546-6 Bedford Basin, Halifax, Nova Scotia November 8, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting Bedford Basin. Two people stroll on the small road in the foreground.
204313 R11546-7 Bedford Basin, Halifax, Nova Scotia November 8, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting Bedford Basin from the shore. Two people are on the beach.
204314 R11546-8 On the Road to the Lakes near Dartmouth, Halifax, Nova Scotia November 9, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting a road on the edge of a forest, with people travelling by foot or cart.
AC-02   The Lake Beyond Dartmouth. Halifax N.S. November 9, 1879  

New York Times: NORTH EASTHAM, Mass., Nov. 15, 1879. A watch was kept all last night, by a large number of men, for the steamer Faraday, but it was not until 7:30 this morning that she was dimly discerned through the light fog which lay over the water. The Faraday approached, until at 10 o'clock she anchored about a mile from the beach. A boat then put off from the steamer, proceeded about half way to the beach, made frequent soundings, and returned to the steamer at 11:30.

204316 R11546-9 Landing the Shore End of 1879 French Atlantic Cable at Cape Cod, America November 16, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting a row of boats laying the final lengths of the Atlantic Cable. The middle boat flies the American and French flags.
204317 R11546-10 Cape Cod, United States of America, Landing Place of the French Atlantic Cable of 1879 November 16, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting a view of the shore from the water at Cape Cod. The string of boats laying the last lengths of the Atlantic Cable is visible in the distance.
204319 R11546-11 Cape Cod, Southern Portion, U.S. America November 17, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting the shore at Cape Cod, seen from the water. Numerous ships sit on the water.

New York Times: NORTH EASTHAM, Mass., Nov 17, 1879. To-day the final splice was made, and the cable was worked throughout the entire circuit from Cape Cod to Brest.

204320 R11546-12 Homeward Bound, S.S. "Faraday" off Hastings December 7, 1879 Pencil sketch depicting the shore from the water near Port Hastings, Nova Scotia. The S.S. Faraday is in the foreground.
1881: Porthcurno, England - Canso, Nova Scotia
(American Telegraph & Cable Co, leased to Western Union)

New York Times: LONDON, March 23, 1881. It is stated that the cable steamer Faraday, which will be engaged in laying the new Atlantic cable, is under orders to sail at the end of April.


New York Times: LONDON, May 5, 1881. The Globe to-day says: "The cable construction steamer Faraday will sail to-day with 900 miles of cable to lay the shore ends of a new cable. She will begin operations at Penzance, then cross to Cape Sable, and then return for the deep-sea section. It is expected that two lines will be finished this Summer."


New York Times: NEW-YORK, May 10, 1881. The cable construction steamer Faraday, which has started to lay the shore ends of the new cable, has passed the Lizard, going westward.

204321 R11546-13 Dover Bay, Nova Scotia, Landing Shore End of American Atlantic Cable May 28, 1881 Pencil sketch depicting Dover Bay from the water. What seems to be the string of boats leading the Atlantic Cable is visible in the foreground.
The item's verso features a written description of the colours associated with the various elements in the drawing (ex.: "whitish grey beach with large loose stones".)

New York Times: LONDON, June 5, 1881. The cable steamer Faraday has arrived at Penzance. Over 900 miles of the new telegraph cable have been laid.


New York Times: PENZANCE, June 8, 1881. The steamer Faraday has successfully landed the shore end of the new Atlantic Cable.


New York Times: LONDON, June 28, 1881. The cable construction steamer Faraday picked up the buoyed end of the new cable off Land’s End to-day and spliced it, and then proceeded for Newfoundland, laying the cable.


New York Times: LONDON, July 21, 1881. The steamer Faraday has landed the shore end of the new Atlantic cable near Land's End.


New York Times: LONDON, Aug. 27, 1881. The steamer Faraday, engaged in laying the new Atlantic cable, returned to Plymouth yesterday, where she shipped 400 tons of coil. She will leave this morning to resume operations. Since Monday last she has laid 200 miles of cable.

1882: Porthcurno, England - Canso, Nova Scotia
(American Telegraph & Cable Co, leased to Western Union)
New York Times: LONDON, Jan. 11, 1882. The cable steamer Faraday, with the last portion of the new American telegraph cable, passed Gravesend at 8 o’clock this morning and proceeded to sea.
204322 R11546-14 The "Elba" of Halifax, water logged in the North Atlantic January 20, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting a ship in distress on the open seas.
Artist has indicated the exact location of this occurence (latitude and longitude).
204338 R11546-15 Iceberg seen of the Great Bank of Newfoundland, 5th March 1882 March 5, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting a large iceberg floating on the open sea.
The artist has recorded the exact coordinates of the view (longitude, latitude, depth, distance from land).
204339 R11546-16 Devil's Island Nova Scotia, Near Halifax March 10, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting Devil's Island, Nova Scotia. Lighthouses are visible in the distance.
204340 R11546-17 Entrance to Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia March 12, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting the entrance to Halifax Harbour.
204341 R11546-18 Sketch at the North West Arm, Halifax, Nova Scotia March 12, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting a fork in a road in a coniferous forest.Two people stand on the road, as if chatting.
204342 R11546-19 On the Road to Bedford Near Halifax, Nova Scotia, Winter Time March 16, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting the road to Bedford. The image includes a house, a road, a railway track and a view of Bedford Basin.
204343 R11546-20 The Lakes near Dartmouth, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Winter Time March 17, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting a frozen lake bordered by a road.
204344 R11546-21 Field Ice off Dover Bay, Nova Scotia March 21, 1882 Pencil sketch depicting open water with broken ice.

New York Times: HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, March 24, 1882. A telegram from Canso, Guysboro County, says the cable steamer Faraday arrived at Dover Bay on Wednesday [March 22], and discharged into schooners waiting to receive them a number of large drums containing cables to connect the deep sea sections of the two new cables for the American Telegraph and Cable Company with their station at Canso. These are now being laid in a trench a distance of about seven miles, between Dover Cove and the town of Canso, and it is expected will be completed in a few days The shore end of the second deep sea cable was successfully landed at noon yesterday, and soon after the Faraday proceeded to sea, paying out cable to join with the portion of the second cable, which she laid last Fall, and which is buoyed about 500 miles from this point.


New York Times: HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, April 7, 1882. A telegram from the cable steamer Faraday reports that she has successfully completed the laying of the new cable. She passed through large fields of ice off Torbay, and on March 29 encountered a severe westerly gale, and afterward heavy snowstorms.

1884: Dover Bay, Nova Scotia - New York; Dover Bay - Waterville, Ireland (2 cables); Waterville - Weston Super Mare, England; Waterville - Le Havre, France.
(Commercial Cable Company)
AC-03   Spike Island, Queenstown Harbour, Ireland February 1, 1884  
AC-04   Queenstown Harbour, Ireland February 1, 1884  
AC-05   View from Queenstown Harbour, Ireland, Looking Westward February 2, 1884  
AC-06   Entrance to Queenstown Harbour, Ireland February 2, 1884  
AC-07   View near the town of Queenstown, Ireland February 2, 1884  

New York Times: LONDON, Feb. 21, 1884. The steamer Faraday, which left Queenstown some time ago with a portion of the new Mackay cable on board, has returned to Portland. She has lost her port propeller, and is coming to London for survey. The Faraday is owned by the Siemens Company, of London, who have contracted to lay the new cable. It does not become the property of the Bennett-Mackay Commercial Company until it is completed and has been in good working order for 30 days. The Faraday hes been out about 16 days, but made frequent stops to take soundings. George G. Ward, the Superintendent of the Commercial Company's affairs in this country, said last night that the mishap would cause no delay in completing the work by next Fall.

Note: On 2 February 1884 the Faraday left Queenstown to lay the first section of the Commercial Cable Company's Atlantic cable. On 7 February the ship ran into a gale which lasted for over a week, causing considerable damage; a second gale on the 17th caused further damage. This caused a two-month delay in the project.


New York Times: LONDON, April 16, 1884. The steam-ship Faraday cleared for Nova Scotia today. She carriers the first installment of the Mackay-Bennett cable to the amount of 1,100 miles.


New York Times: HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, May 6, 1884. The steamer Faraday, with the Bennett-Mackay cable on board, has arrived in Dover Bay. A telegram from Torbay reports the sea smooth and the weather fine, with a north-west breeze.

204345 R11546-22 Dover Bay, Nova Scotia: Landing Place of the Mackay-Bennett Atlantic Cable May 7, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting Dover Bay. Boats can be seen laying the final lengths of the Atlantic Cable.
Verso carries a handwritten description of the colours that would appear in the image depicted on the recto. Ex.:"Rocks, yellowish grey, dark green at water's edge".
204346 R11546-23 Mackay-Bennett Cable House, Dover Bay, Nova Scotia May 8, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a large cable going from the sea to a small house by the water's edge. Three men stand on the beach next to a large rowboat.
Verso carries a handwritten description of the colours that would appear on the image depicted on the recto. Ex. "Wooden house painted white with red roof."
204347 R11546-24 On the North West Arm, Halifax, Nova Scotia [May 16th, 1884] May 16, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a narrow stretch of water with a small sailboat navigating on it. The hilly landscape is dotted with houses.
204348 R11546-25 On the North West Arm, Halifax, Nova Scotia [May 19th, 1884] May 19, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a narrow stretch of water. A double-masted ship is anchored on shore.

New York Times: HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, May 19, 1884. The cable steamer Faraday, which is engaged in laying the Bennett-Mackay cable, sailed hence this evening for Cape Ann. She will take up the end of the cable, which is buoyed off the harbor, and proceed with the work.


New York Times: ROCKPORT, Mass., May 21, 1884. Rockport townspeople are getting a little impatient over the delay of the Faraday, which was expected here from Dover Bay, Nova Scotia, a full week ago, with the Mackay-Bennett ocean cable in her trail.

204939 R11546-29 Thatchers Island Lights & Milk Island off Cape Ann, North America May 22, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting two small islands, one with a single house, one with a house and two lighthouses. Some boats are on the water.
204349 R11546-26 Cape Ann, Massachusetts. Landing Place of the Mackay-Bennett Dover Bay Cable May 22, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a string of boats laying the final lengths of the Cable. A large crowd of people is amassed on the beach before a small house.
Verso carries a handwritten description of the colours that would appear on the image depicted on the recto. Ex.: "Cable house: greenish window + door frames, grey front, red roof..." Basic measurements for the cable house are also inscribed.
204350 R11546-27 Landing the shore end of the Mackay-Bennett Atlantic Cable at Cape Ann, Massachusetts. May 22, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting the landing of the Atlantic Cable. A raft is coming ashore with eleven men hanging on to the cable. What seems to be the S.S. Faraday can be seen on the horizon.
204351 R11546-28 Mackay-Bennett Cable House, Cape Ann, Massachusetts May 22, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a small house on the water's edge.
Verso carries a handwritten description of the colours that would appear on the image depicted on the recto. Ex.:" House: red roof, pale green wood work..."

New York Times: ROCKPORT, Mass., May 22, 1884. It was the unexpected which happened to-day in the Mackay-Bennett cable matter. The townspeople, by reason of the long series of disappointments they had experienced, had settled down to a skeptical attitude and become disinclined to accept any reports of the Faraday's speedy arrival. And so it happened that the steamer came, landed the shore cable, and steamed off beyond the horizon almost before the Cape Ann people had fairly realized the fact that the thing was being actually accomplished.
[more...].


New York Times: LONDON, June 21, 1884. The Faraday will leave the Thames on Monday [June 23] with 5,000 tons of cable. She will proceed at once to Waterville Bay, on the Kerry coast of Ireland, and lay the shore end or heavy type of cable, in the same manner as at Rockport, Mass. This work will probably be completed by Friday afternoon, when the connection with the deep-sea portion will be made and the course of the ship laid for the buoy which she left in mid-ocean a few weeks ago, and to which is attached the American half of the cable. The buoy will probably be reached by the 20th of July, when by splicing the end attached to the buoy, and that end on board the ship, the circuit will be completed between England and America, and, barring accident, the first of the two proposed Mackay-Bennett cables will be in working order.


New York Times: June 25, 1884. The steamer Faraday passed the Lizard to-day after laying the shore end of the Mackay-Bennett cable to Waterville. She goes to Cork to coal, and will then complete the cable.

AC-08   The Skelligs Rocks. 700 and 430 Feet High,
off the West Coast of Ireland
June 26, 1884  
204940 R11546-30 Ballinskellig Bay Ireland, landing place of the Mackay Bennett Atlantic Cables June 27, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a group of boats in the water. On land there are some houses and a church. Mountains in the background
New York Times: June 29, 1884. The steam-ship Faraday, which left London on Monday last [June 23] with the second or eastern section of the first Bennett-Mackay cable on board, has been hard at work during the past day or two in Waterville Bay, on the Kerry coast of Ireland, laying the heavy shore ends necessary at that point. When she has completed this work, which will probably be by to-morrow night, she will proceed to Cork, or some other convenient port, for a fresh supply or coal. The last link, the deep-sea section, will then be laid.

New York Times: London, July 9 1884. A dispatch received last evening from the steamer Faraday, which is engaged in laying. the Mackay-Bennett cable, states that she had picked up the Irish coast end 200 miles out, and had laid 250 miles more. The weather was fine, and it was expected that the work of laying the entire cable would soon be completed.


New York Times: London, July 19, 1884. There is great rejoicing in Waterville to-night over a message just received from the electricians on the steamer Faraday who are laying the new Mackay-Bennett cable. They have kept themselves constantly in communication with the Irish terminus at Waterville through the cable which they are laying, and this evening the officials on shore received the welcome news that the Faraday had arrived at the buoy in midocean which marks the end of that portion of the line which was laid from America. The news was soon spread to London and Paris, and messages of congratulation have ever since been pouring in to the little office at Waterville, where the event is being celebrated with copious libations of champagne.


New York Times: London, Aug. 26, 1884. The steamship Faraday has laid the first deep sea portion of the second Mackay-Bennett cable, and is now returning to Woolwich to receive the remainder of the deep sea portion and the American shore end.

204941 R11546-31 Sketch at White Island, Dover Bay, Nova Scotia taken close by the Mackay Bennett Cables House October 9, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting two large rocks beside a footpath. A few figures walk along the path towards two houses.
204942 R11546-32 Coney Island near New York landing place of the Mackay Bennett Dover Bay Cable October 18, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting some ships & barges on the water. City visible on the shore.

New York Times: Oct. 18, 1884. The new Mackay-Bennett cable, one end of which arrived off Manhattan Beach on Thursday morning, is not yet landed, owing to another accident which occurred yesterday. The men on board the Faraday, the cable steamer, did not cease their work of coiling the cable on the rafts moored beside the ship until late on Thursday night.


New York Times: Oct. 19, 1884. After all delays the new Mackay-Bennett ocean cable found a safe resting place for its American end at 12:30 o'clock yesterday, in the pretty little cottage prepared for its reception on Manhattan Beach, just east of the Oriental Hotel.

204943 R11546-33 The Lakes, Dartmouth near Halifax, Nova Scotia October 22, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a lake with rolling hills along the shore.

New York Times: HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, Oct. 25, 1884. The steamer Faraday, which arrived from New-York to-day, will take 2,000 tons of coal on board. She will remain until the first of the week, and then proceed to sea to find and repair the broken portion of the first Mackay-Bennett cable.


New York Times: LONDON, Nov. 8, 1884. Communication with America through the new Mackay-Bennett cables has now ceased entirely. It is believed at the London office that the damage has been caused by icebergs off the Banks of Newfoundland. It is hoped here that the cable officials in New-York will be able to communicate soon with the Faraday, and that repairs be proceeded with forthwith.


New York Times: NEW-YORK, Dec. 10, 1884. The laying of the cables of the Commercial Cable Company through the streets of this city, from the New-York anchorage of the bridge to the company's office at Wall and Broad streets, has been practically completed. As soon as the necessary splices are made at the bridge anchorage and at the hut on Coney Island telegraphic communication will be opened between New-York and Ireland. It is expected that this will be done next Friday. The steam­ship Faraday is now looking for the break in the southern cable.

204944 R11546-34 St. John's, Newfoundland from outside the harbour December 24, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a masted ship outside the harbour. City visible through the port.
204945 R11546-35 View near St. John's, Newfoundland December 24, 1884 Pencil sketch depicting a trail at the foot of a hill/mountain. Small stream runs down the middle of the work and on the right is a small cabin.

New York Times: June 10, 1885. The steamer Faraday has completed the laying of the commercial cable section from Waterville, Ireland, to Weston-super-Mare, England.


New York Times: Sep. 9, 1885. The cable steamship Faraday, Capt. Le Fanu, passed the Isle of Wight today.

1889: Canso, Nova Scotia - New York (2 cables, extensions of the 1882 cables)
(American Telegraph & Cable Co, leased to Western Union)
204946 R11546-36 S.S. Faraday passing Cape Race, Newfoundland October 18, 1889 Pencil sketch depicting a single ship on the water. Hilly land in the background.
204947 R11546-37 Dover Bay, Nova Scotia looking northwest October 20, 1889 Pencil sketch depicting canoes on a lake. Shoreline visible with hills in the background.
AC-09   Dover Bay, Nova Scotia, Looking North-East October 21, 1889  
204948 R11546-38 A clearing through the Pine Woods near Dover Bay, Nova Scotia October 22, 1889 Pencil sketch depicting cable lines through the woods with some cabins in the background.
204949 R11546-39 Cable House at Dover Bay, Nova Scotia landing place of the Western Union Telegraph Co.'s 1889 New York Cables October 22, 1889 Pencil sketch depicting a small cabin in the woods with cable lines running into it. Provision barrels outside the house.
204950 R11546-40 S.S. Faraday at anchor in Dover Bay, Nova Scotia sketched from Walsh Point rocks October 24, 1889 Pencil sketch showing the ship in the water, rocks in the foreground and the far shore.
204951 R11546-41 Cable House, Coney Island, New York left hand Commercial Cable Co.'s (Mackay Bennett) 1884 cable landing place. Right Hand Western Union Telegraph Co.'s (Gould) 1889 cable landing place November 6, 1889 Pencil sketch showing two small buildings, one with a tower. A single figure stands in the image and a fence is visible in the immediate foreground.
204952 R11546-42 Coney Island New York landing place of the 1889 New York Canso Telegraph Cables November 7, 1889 Pencil sketch showing sailboats and a tug boat in a harbour. City visible on the banks.

New York Times: NORTH EASTHAM, Mass., Nov. 15, 1889. A party of gentlemen, representing the Pouyer-Quertier Cable and the American Union Telegraph Companies, came down to this remote Cape Cod village today in a special parlor and hotel car on the regular train, to witness the arrival and landing of the new French cable.

204953 R11546-43 Chebucto Head near Halifax, Nova Scotia November 21, 1889 Pencil sketch showing sailboats on the water. Bluff along the shorline with one building visible.
204954 R11546-44 Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia (Northern part) November 22, 1889 Pencil sketch showing boats on the water. To the right is the city showing buildings and one large smokestack.
204955 R11546-45 A Country Road near Halifax, Nova Scotia November 22, 1889 Pencil sketch showing a country lane with a horse-drawn carriage and a few houses.
204956 R11546-46 View of the Northwest Arm Halifax, Nova Scotia November 22, 1889 Pencil sketch showing a large house with a large outguilding/carriagehouse set on rolling hills beside the water.
204957 R11546-47 Halifax, Nova Scotia from the sea November 24, 1889 Pencil sketch showing boats on the water outside Halifax. Hills along the shore, city barely visible in the distance.
204958 R11546-48 Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia (looking south) November 29, 1889 Pencil sketch showing boats in the harbour. Dock and some buildings (warehouses?) to the right.
AC-10   Near Richmond, Halifax, Nova Scotia November 30, 1889  
204959 R11546-49 A Rough Day on the Newfoundland Bank S.S. Faraday laying to December 13, 1889 Pencil sketch showing a single boat being thrown around in big waves.
AC-11   A Dirty Night at Sea December 15, 1889  
1893: Maintenance work
204960 R11546-50 S.S. Mackay Bennett the Commercial Cable Company's repairing steamer coming into Chedabucto Bay, Nova Scotia to meet the S.S. Faraday Cranberry Island Lighthouse in the distance July 5, 1893 Pencil sketch showing a large steamer and some smaller ships in the water near the shore. Lighthouse in the background on the right.
1894: Dover Bay, Nova Scotia - Waterville, Ireland - Weston Super Mare, England
(Commercial Cable Company)

New York Times: LONDON, April 12, 1894. The steamer Faraday, with a part of the Commercial Cable Company's new cable, sailed from here to­day. The cable is to be laid from Waterville, Ireland, to Nova Scotia. The entire cable will be about 2,000 miles long. The Faraday, not being large enough to carry the whole cable, will drop the shore sections, about 500 miles, first, and then lay the deep-sea cable, which is smaller than the shore ends.

204961 R11546-51 Ballinskellig Bay Ireland, landing place of the Commercial Cable Company's cables April 15, 1894 Pencil sketch showing water and hilly shores of Ballinskellig Bay,Ireland.
204962 R11546-52 The Skelligs Rocks off the West of Ireland 704 & 430 feet high S.S. Faraday steaming east April 16, 1894 Pencil sketch showing the S.S. Faraday in the water off the coast of Ireland, two large rock/islands in the background.
204963 R11546-53 Bolus Head, west coast of Ireland April 16, 1894 Pencil sketch showing open water and cliffs to the right.
204964 R11546-54 Waterville Ballinskellig Bay Co. Kerry Ireland landing the shore end of the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic cable April 18, 1894 Pencil sketch showing one large ship and some smaller boats in the water. Some houses visible on the shoreline. Hills along the shore in the background.
204965 R11546-55 Iceberg on the Eastern edge of Newfoundland Bank estimated about 180 feet high April 28, 1894 Pencil sketch showing open water and a large icberg.
204966 R11546-56 Schooners cod fishing on the Great Bank of Newfoundland April 29, 1894 Pencil sketch of two schooners in open water.
204967 R11546-57 A Country Road near Halifax, Nova Scotia May 2, 1894 Pencil sketch showing a single figure walking down a country road,trees on both sides of the road.
204968 R11546-58 Point Pleasant, Halifax, Nova Scotia May 4, 1894 Pencil sketch showing two women walking down a road beside the water. A few figures further down the road and trees in the background. Also, three leafless trees in the foreground and some ships in the distance on the water.
204969 R11546-59 Fox Island, Chedabucto Bay, Nova Scotia May 8, 1894 Pencil sketch showing a rowboat in the water and an island in the background. Some houses visible on the island.
204970 R11546-60 Landing place of the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic Cable near Fox Island, Canso, Nova Scotia looking from west side of Fox Island May 8, 1894 Pencil sketch showing some boats in the water just off an island. A single house visible on the shore of the island.
204971 R11546-61 Canso, Nova Scotia looking through Tickle Channel from Fox Island May 9, 1894 Pencil sketch showing a couple of boats on the water. Shoreline visible in the distance and to the right.
204972 R11546-62 Landing shore end of the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic cable near Fox Island, Canso, Nova Scotia May 9, 1894 Pencil sketch showing a large ship and some smaller boats on the water just off the coast. A few houses visible along the shoreline.
204973 R11546-63 S.S. Faraday laying the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic Cable near icebergs off the east coast of Newfoundland, 12th May 1894 May 12, 1894 Pencil sketch of S.S. Faraday laying cable near icebergs.
204974 R11546-64 Icebergs off Cape Race Newfoundland seen 12th May 1894 largest one about 160 feet high May 12, 1894 Pencil sketch showing large iceberg and smaller icebergs around it.
204975 R11546-65 The Bull Rock and Lighthouse southwest coast of Ireland boats mackerel fishing May 22, 1894 Pencil sketch showing boats in the water and a large rock/island on the right. Hills visible along the shore in the background.

New York Times: LONDON, June 12, 1894. The steamship Faraday sailed from Messrs. Siemens Brothers' works at Woolwich at 7:30 o'clock this evening, having on board 1,600 miles of the Commercial Cable Company's new cable. She will proceed to a point 150 miles off the Irish coast, where she will splice on to the shore end, already laid. She will then proceed to Nova Scotia, where the final splice will be made. The cable, everything going favorably, is expected to be laid by the 30th of June.

204976 R11546-66 S.S. Faraday picking up buoyed end of the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic cable 19th June 1894. 141 miles cable westward from Ireland put down 19th April 1894. June 19, 1894 Pencil sketch showing men in a rowboat at a buoy. SS Faraday on the right.
204977 R11546-67 S.S. Faraday laying the deep sea portion of the 1894 Mackay Bennett cable in mid-Atlantic June 1894 June 26, 1894 Pencil sketch showing the SS Faraday laying cable mid-Atlantic.
204978 R11546-68 Large iceberg on North eastern slope of Newfoundland Bank seen 28th June 1894 June 28, 1894 Pencil sketch showing an iceberg. Small buoy inlower left.
204979 R11546-69 Icebergs seen on North-east slope of Newfoundland Bank 28th, 29th & 30th June 1894 June 28-30, 1894 Pen and black ink sketch of 10 different shaped icebergs. Each iceberg sketched on a small cut-out of brown paper and pasted onto main support.
204982 R11546-72 Large iceberg seen on Newfoundland Bank from deck of S.S. Faraday close to 2nd July 1894. About 150 feet high. July 2, 1894 Pencil sketch of large iceberg.
204983 R11546-73 S.S. Faraday transferring cable to S.S. Mackay Bennett at Fox Bay, Nova Scotia 6th July 1894 July 6, 1894 Pencil sketch showing treed shoreline with two figures and somesmall buildings and some ships in the water, including S.S. Faraday and S.S. Mackay Bennett. Distant shoreline visible in the background.
204984 R11546-74 Cable house near Fox Island Canso, Nova Scotia landing place of the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic Cable July 6, 1894 Pencil sketch showing a small house. Two figures shown in the work and a single boat on the water.
204985 R11546-75 S.S. Faraday entering the harbour of Halifax, Nova Scotia after completing the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic Cable July 7, 1894 Pencil sketch showing the S.S. Faraday heading towards Halifax Harbour. Some other small boats in the water and hilly shores on either side.
204986 R11546-76 Near Point Pleasant Halifax, Nova Scotia looking northwest July 14, 1894 Pencil sketch showing a road beside the water. Several people on the road and boats in the water.
204987 R11546-77 In the woods at Halifax, Nova Scotia July 15, 1894 Pencil sketch showing some people walking in a path through very dense woods.
204988 R11546-78 Icebergs seen on north-east slope of Newfoundland Bank 2nd July & 4th of August 1894 July 2 & August 4, 1894 Pen and black ink sketch of 7 icebergs of differing shapes. Each iceberg is drawn on its own cutout of paper (5 on white paper, one on brown paper) and pasted onto main support.
204980 R11546-70 The Yacht "Merrie" in the harbour of Halifax, Nova Scotia sailed by part of the staff of S.S. Faraday July 19, 1894 Pencil sketch of a yacht on the water. Some other boats also in the water. Shoreline visible with on large factory and smokestack visible on the shore.
Small part of the corner has been torn off of the support.
204981 R11546-71 S.S. Faraday at anchor in Halifax harbour, Nova Scotia during the thirty day's maintenance of the 1894 Mackay Bennett Atlantic Cable. Evening July 23, 1894 Pencil sketch of the S.S. Faraday in the Halifax Harbour with some other boats around. The city of Halifax visible on the shore to the left.

New York Times: NEWPORT. R. I., Aug. 27, 1894. The cable steamer Faraday of the Mackay-Bennett Commercial Cable Company sailed for New-York this afternoon. The visit of this strange visitor to these waters is for the purpose of landing the company's cable at Coney Island. The feat is expected to be difficult of accomplishment, because of the heavy currents.

1900: Dover Bay, Nova Scotia - Horta, Azores - Waterville, Ireland
(Commercial Cable Company)
204989 R11546-79 Cod fishing on Banquereau off Nova Scotia 6th August 1900 August 6, 1900 Pencil sketch showing a lot of boats in the water cod fishing.
204990 R11546-80 Public Gardens Halifax, Nova Scotia August 8, 1900 Pencil sketch showign the public garden in Halifax. Gazebo in the centre of the sketch with a variety of people strolling through the gardens.
204991 R11546-81 In the Public Gardens Halifax, Nova Scotia August 8, 1900 Pencil sketch showing people strolling through the public gardens in Halifax. Main view is a path lined with trees on both sides and an open park beyond that.
204996 R11546-86 In the pine woods Halifax, Nova Scotia August 9, 1900 Pencil sketch showing pine woods with two figures walking down a path on the left and a man standing under a tree in the lower right.
204992 R11546-82 Halifax Harbour looking south. Nova Scotia. Cable ship Faraday coaling August 10, 1900 Pencil sketch showing S.S. Faraday and several other boats in the water. A few islands visible in the background.
204993 R11546-83 Bedford Basin, Halifax, Nova Scotia August 10, 1900 Pencil sketch showing a road beside the water. A few houses and buildings on the right and some people along the shore.
204994 R11546-84 On the Bedford Road looking towards Halifax, Nova Scotia part of the Nigger Settlement in view. August 10, 1900 Pencil sketch showing a road beside the water. Several people on the road and houses visible at upper right.
204995 R11546-85 Yachts off the northwest arm Halifax, Nova Scotia August 11, 1900 Pencil sketch showing several sailboats in the water. Hilly shoreline visible in the background.

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Last revised: 21 November, 2016

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